Characterisation and antidiabetic utility of a novel hybrid peptide, exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln

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Abstract

Enteroendocrine derived hormones such as glucagon-like-peptide-1 (GLP-1), glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), gastrin and xenin are known to exert complementary beneficial metabolic effects in diabetes. This study has assessed the biological activity and therapeutic utility of a novel GLP-1/gastrin/xenin hybrid peptide, namely exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln hybrid, both alone and in combination with the stable GIP mimetic, (DAla2)GIP. Exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln increased in vitro insulin secretion to a similar or superior extent, as the parent peptides. Insulinotropic effects were mainly linked to modulation of GLP-1 and neurotensin receptors. Exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln also augmented the insulinotropic actions of (DAla2)GIP. Acute administration of exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln in mice induced significant appetite suppressive, glucose lowering and insulin secretory effects, with a duration of biological action beyond 8 h. Twice daily administration of exendin-4, exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln, either alone or in combination with (DAla2)GIP, reduced circulating glucose, increased plasma insulin as well as improving glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity and metabolic response to GIP in high fat fed mice. Body weight, food intake, circulating glucagon and amylase activity were unaltered. All hybrid peptide treated high fat mice exhibited marked reductions in LDL-cholesterol and body fat mass. Energy expenditure and locomotor activity were increased in mice treated with exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln in combination with (DAla2)GIP. Interestingly, exendin-4 and exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln treatment, but not exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln in combination with (DAla2)GIP, reduced pancreatic islet and beta-cell area when compared to high fat controls. These studies confirm that unimolecular multi-agonist peptide hormones exert beneficial metabolic effects in diabetes, highlighting their potential as novel treatment strategies.
LanguageEnglish
Pages126-135
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume834
Early online date17 Jul 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Jul 2018

Fingerprint

Gastrins
Hypoglycemic Agents
Glucose
Peptides
Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
Fats
Insulin
Islets of Langerhans
xenin-8
exenatide
Neurotensin Receptors
Peptide Hormones
Insulin-Secreting Cells
Appetite
Locomotion
Amylases
Glucagon
LDL Cholesterol
Energy Metabolism
Insulin Resistance

Keywords

  • gastrin
  • Glucagon-like-peptide-1 (GLP-1)
  • glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP)
  • glucose homeostasis
  • hybrid
  • xenin

Cite this

@article{42591d8a22104448b80f69cac16848ea,
title = "Characterisation and antidiabetic utility of a novel hybrid peptide, exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln",
abstract = "Enteroendocrine derived hormones such as glucagon-like-peptide-1 (GLP-1), glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), gastrin and xenin are known to exert complementary beneficial metabolic effects in diabetes. This study has assessed the biological activity and therapeutic utility of a novel GLP-1/gastrin/xenin hybrid peptide, namely exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln hybrid, both alone and in combination with the stable GIP mimetic, (DAla2)GIP. Exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln increased in vitro insulin secretion to a similar or superior extent, as the parent peptides. Insulinotropic effects were mainly linked to modulation of GLP-1 and neurotensin receptors. Exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln also augmented the insulinotropic actions of (DAla2)GIP. Acute administration of exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln in mice induced significant appetite suppressive, glucose lowering and insulin secretory effects, with a duration of biological action beyond 8 h. Twice daily administration of exendin-4, exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln, either alone or in combination with (DAla2)GIP, reduced circulating glucose, increased plasma insulin as well as improving glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity and metabolic response to GIP in high fat fed mice. Body weight, food intake, circulating glucagon and amylase activity were unaltered. All hybrid peptide treated high fat mice exhibited marked reductions in LDL-cholesterol and body fat mass. Energy expenditure and locomotor activity were increased in mice treated with exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln in combination with (DAla2)GIP. Interestingly, exendin-4 and exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln treatment, but not exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln in combination with (DAla2)GIP, reduced pancreatic islet and beta-cell area when compared to high fat controls. These studies confirm that unimolecular multi-agonist peptide hormones exert beneficial metabolic effects in diabetes, highlighting their potential as novel treatment strategies.",
keywords = "gastrin, Glucagon-like-peptide-1 (GLP-1), glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), glucose homeostasis, hybrid, xenin",
author = "Annie Hasib and Tony NG and Dawood Khan and Gault, {Victor A} and PR Flatt and Nigel Irwin",
year = "2018",
month = "7",
day = "17",
doi = "10.1016/j.ejphar.2018.07.027",
language = "English",
volume = "834",
pages = "126--135",
journal = "European Journal of Pharmacology",
issn = "0014-2999",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterisation and antidiabetic utility of a novel hybrid peptide, exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln

AU - Hasib, Annie

AU - NG, Tony

AU - Khan, Dawood

AU - Gault, Victor A

AU - Flatt, PR

AU - Irwin, Nigel

PY - 2018/7/17

Y1 - 2018/7/17

N2 - Enteroendocrine derived hormones such as glucagon-like-peptide-1 (GLP-1), glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), gastrin and xenin are known to exert complementary beneficial metabolic effects in diabetes. This study has assessed the biological activity and therapeutic utility of a novel GLP-1/gastrin/xenin hybrid peptide, namely exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln hybrid, both alone and in combination with the stable GIP mimetic, (DAla2)GIP. Exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln increased in vitro insulin secretion to a similar or superior extent, as the parent peptides. Insulinotropic effects were mainly linked to modulation of GLP-1 and neurotensin receptors. Exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln also augmented the insulinotropic actions of (DAla2)GIP. Acute administration of exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln in mice induced significant appetite suppressive, glucose lowering and insulin secretory effects, with a duration of biological action beyond 8 h. Twice daily administration of exendin-4, exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln, either alone or in combination with (DAla2)GIP, reduced circulating glucose, increased plasma insulin as well as improving glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity and metabolic response to GIP in high fat fed mice. Body weight, food intake, circulating glucagon and amylase activity were unaltered. All hybrid peptide treated high fat mice exhibited marked reductions in LDL-cholesterol and body fat mass. Energy expenditure and locomotor activity were increased in mice treated with exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln in combination with (DAla2)GIP. Interestingly, exendin-4 and exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln treatment, but not exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln in combination with (DAla2)GIP, reduced pancreatic islet and beta-cell area when compared to high fat controls. These studies confirm that unimolecular multi-agonist peptide hormones exert beneficial metabolic effects in diabetes, highlighting their potential as novel treatment strategies.

AB - Enteroendocrine derived hormones such as glucagon-like-peptide-1 (GLP-1), glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), gastrin and xenin are known to exert complementary beneficial metabolic effects in diabetes. This study has assessed the biological activity and therapeutic utility of a novel GLP-1/gastrin/xenin hybrid peptide, namely exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln hybrid, both alone and in combination with the stable GIP mimetic, (DAla2)GIP. Exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln increased in vitro insulin secretion to a similar or superior extent, as the parent peptides. Insulinotropic effects were mainly linked to modulation of GLP-1 and neurotensin receptors. Exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln also augmented the insulinotropic actions of (DAla2)GIP. Acute administration of exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln in mice induced significant appetite suppressive, glucose lowering and insulin secretory effects, with a duration of biological action beyond 8 h. Twice daily administration of exendin-4, exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln, either alone or in combination with (DAla2)GIP, reduced circulating glucose, increased plasma insulin as well as improving glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity and metabolic response to GIP in high fat fed mice. Body weight, food intake, circulating glucagon and amylase activity were unaltered. All hybrid peptide treated high fat mice exhibited marked reductions in LDL-cholesterol and body fat mass. Energy expenditure and locomotor activity were increased in mice treated with exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln in combination with (DAla2)GIP. Interestingly, exendin-4 and exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln treatment, but not exendin-4/gastrin/xenin-8-Gln in combination with (DAla2)GIP, reduced pancreatic islet and beta-cell area when compared to high fat controls. These studies confirm that unimolecular multi-agonist peptide hormones exert beneficial metabolic effects in diabetes, highlighting their potential as novel treatment strategies.

KW - gastrin

KW - Glucagon-like-peptide-1 (GLP-1)

KW - glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP)

KW - glucose homeostasis

KW - hybrid

KW - xenin

U2 - 10.1016/j.ejphar.2018.07.027

DO - 10.1016/j.ejphar.2018.07.027

M3 - Article

VL - 834

SP - 126

EP - 135

JO - European Journal of Pharmacology

T2 - European Journal of Pharmacology

JF - European Journal of Pharmacology

SN - 0014-2999

ER -