Challenging Intolerance

Alan Smith, Ciarán Ó Maoláin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper is in three parts. It begins with a discussion of the origin and nature of forms of intolerance within and between social groups. The second part examines institutional controls on intolerance, such as legislation and the creation of mechanisms for redress of discrimination. The third part discusses approaches and techniques that have been used in educational systems, and in other areas of youth work, to confront and challenge intolerance among young people and to promote respect for diversity. Northern Ireland is our primary point of reference, but we will refer to many issues with a much wider relevance, and will draw some concrete examples from other jurisdictions to the extent that our knowledge of them permits.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-108
JournalNew Directions for Youth Development
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 2004

Bibliographical note

Reference text: McCully, A., O'Doherty, M. and Smyth, P. (1999) ‘Exploring Controversial Issues in Northern Ireland' in L. Forcey and I. Harris ed. Peacebuilding for Adolescents: Strategies for Teachers and Community Leaders, Peter Lang, New York pp.119-138.

Smith, A. (2001) Religious Segregation and the Emergence of Integrated Schools in Northern Ireland, Oxford Review of Education, Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 559-75.

Smith, A. (2003) Citizenship Education in Northern Ireland: beyond national identity? Cambridge Journal of Education, Vol.33, No.1 pp.15-31.

Youth Council for Northern Ireland (1992) Community Relations Guidelines: Youth Work Curriculum, Belfast: YCNI.


  • education
  • intolerance
  • youth
  • Northern Ireland


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