CFD Simulation of Fire Spreading in a Residential Building: The Effect of Implementing Phase Changing Materials

Dionysios Kolaitis, Eleni Asimakopoulou, Maria Founti

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

A CFD simulation is performed in a two-storey residential building subjected to a typical domestic kitchen fire. The building is constructed using a structural steel frame configuration combined with dry-wall systems. The addition of Phase Changing Materials (PCM) into the gypsum plasterboard structure is known to improve the building’s energy utilization; the adverse impact of released PCM vapours on fire characteristics is investigated. Numerical predictions of the temporal evolution of gas velocity, gas and wall temperatures, toxic gas concentrations and smoke movement are obtained, thus allowing the visualization of the developing flow-field, the assessment of the fire resistance of the building elements, as well as the risk assessment for the tenants of the building in the event of a fire.

Conference

ConferenceEuropean Combustion Meeting
Abbreviated titleECM
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityCardiff
Period30/06/112/07/11
Internet address

Fingerprint

Computational fluid dynamics
Fires
Gases
Calcium Sulfate
Kitchens
Fire resistance
Poisons
Steel
Gypsum
Smoke
Risk assessment
Flow fields
Energy utilization
Visualization
Vapors
Temperature

Keywords

  • CFD
  • Fire modelling
  • Phase Change Material (PCM)

Cite this

Kolaitis, D., Asimakopoulou, E., & Founti, M. (2011). CFD Simulation of Fire Spreading in a Residential Building: The Effect of Implementing Phase Changing Materials. Paper presented at European Combustion Meeting, Cardiff, United Kingdom.
Kolaitis, Dionysios ; Asimakopoulou, Eleni ; Founti, Maria. / CFD Simulation of Fire Spreading in a Residential Building: The Effect of Implementing Phase Changing Materials. Paper presented at European Combustion Meeting, Cardiff, United Kingdom.6 p.
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abstract = "A CFD simulation is performed in a two-storey residential building subjected to a typical domestic kitchen fire. The building is constructed using a structural steel frame configuration combined with dry-wall systems. The addition of Phase Changing Materials (PCM) into the gypsum plasterboard structure is known to improve the building’s energy utilization; the adverse impact of released PCM vapours on fire characteristics is investigated. Numerical predictions of the temporal evolution of gas velocity, gas and wall temperatures, toxic gas concentrations and smoke movement are obtained, thus allowing the visualization of the developing flow-field, the assessment of the fire resistance of the building elements, as well as the risk assessment for the tenants of the building in the event of a fire.",
keywords = "CFD, Fire modelling, Phase Change Material (PCM)",
author = "Dionysios Kolaitis and Eleni Asimakopoulou and Maria Founti",
year = "2011",
language = "English",
note = "European Combustion Meeting, ECM ; Conference date: 30-06-2011 Through 02-07-2011",
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Kolaitis, D, Asimakopoulou, E & Founti, M 2011, 'CFD Simulation of Fire Spreading in a Residential Building: The Effect of Implementing Phase Changing Materials' Paper presented at European Combustion Meeting, Cardiff, United Kingdom, 30/06/11 - 2/07/11, .

CFD Simulation of Fire Spreading in a Residential Building: The Effect of Implementing Phase Changing Materials. / Kolaitis, Dionysios; Asimakopoulou, Eleni; Founti, Maria.

2011. Paper presented at European Combustion Meeting, Cardiff, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - CFD Simulation of Fire Spreading in a Residential Building: The Effect of Implementing Phase Changing Materials

AU - Kolaitis, Dionysios

AU - Asimakopoulou, Eleni

AU - Founti, Maria

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - A CFD simulation is performed in a two-storey residential building subjected to a typical domestic kitchen fire. The building is constructed using a structural steel frame configuration combined with dry-wall systems. The addition of Phase Changing Materials (PCM) into the gypsum plasterboard structure is known to improve the building’s energy utilization; the adverse impact of released PCM vapours on fire characteristics is investigated. Numerical predictions of the temporal evolution of gas velocity, gas and wall temperatures, toxic gas concentrations and smoke movement are obtained, thus allowing the visualization of the developing flow-field, the assessment of the fire resistance of the building elements, as well as the risk assessment for the tenants of the building in the event of a fire.

AB - A CFD simulation is performed in a two-storey residential building subjected to a typical domestic kitchen fire. The building is constructed using a structural steel frame configuration combined with dry-wall systems. The addition of Phase Changing Materials (PCM) into the gypsum plasterboard structure is known to improve the building’s energy utilization; the adverse impact of released PCM vapours on fire characteristics is investigated. Numerical predictions of the temporal evolution of gas velocity, gas and wall temperatures, toxic gas concentrations and smoke movement are obtained, thus allowing the visualization of the developing flow-field, the assessment of the fire resistance of the building elements, as well as the risk assessment for the tenants of the building in the event of a fire.

KW - CFD

KW - Fire modelling

KW - Phase Change Material (PCM)

M3 - Paper

ER -

Kolaitis D, Asimakopoulou E, Founti M. CFD Simulation of Fire Spreading in a Residential Building: The Effect of Implementing Phase Changing Materials. 2011. Paper presented at European Combustion Meeting, Cardiff, United Kingdom.