CFD Simulation of Fire Spreading in a Residential Building: The Effect of Implementing Phase Changing Materials

Dionysios Kolaitis, Eleni Asimakopoulou, Maria Founti

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

8 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A CFD simulation is performed in a two-storey residential building subjected to a typical domestic kitchen fire. The building is constructed using a structural steel frame configuration combined with dry-wall systems. The addition of Phase Changing Materials (PCM) into the gypsum plasterboard structure is known to improve the building’s energy utilization; the adverse impact of released PCM vapours on fire characteristics is investigated. Numerical predictions of the temporal evolution of gas velocity, gas and wall temperatures, toxic gas concentrations and smoke movement are obtained, thus allowing the visualization of the developing flow-field, the assessment of the fire resistance of the building elements, as well as the risk assessment for the tenants of the building in the event of a fire.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventEuropean Combustion Meeting - Cardiff, United Kingdom
Duration: 30 Jun 20112 Jul 2011
Conference number: 5
https://www.combustioninstitute.org/ci-event/9th-european-combustion-meeting/

Conference

ConferenceEuropean Combustion Meeting
Abbreviated titleECM
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityCardiff
Period30/06/112/07/11
Internet address

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • CFD
  • Fire modelling
  • Phase Change Material (PCM)

Cite this

Kolaitis, D., Asimakopoulou, E., & Founti, M. (2011). CFD Simulation of Fire Spreading in a Residential Building: The Effect of Implementing Phase Changing Materials. Paper presented at European Combustion Meeting, Cardiff, United Kingdom.