A CFD simulation is performed in a two-storey residential building subjected to a typical domestic kitchen fire. The building is constructed using a structural steel frame configuration combined with dry-wall systems. The addition of Phase Changing Materials (PCM) into the gypsum plasterboard structure is known to improve the building’s energy utilization; the adverse impact of released PCM vapours on fire characteristics is investigated. Numerical predictions of the temporal evolution of gas velocity, gas and wall temperatures, toxic gas concentrations and smoke movement are obtained, thus allowing the visualization of the developing flow-field, the assessment of the fire resistance of the building elements, as well as the risk assessment for the tenants of the building in the event of a fire.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
|Event||European Combustion Meeting - Cardiff, United Kingdom|
Duration: 30 Jun 2011 → 2 Jul 2011
Conference number: 5
|Conference||European Combustion Meeting|
|Period||30/06/11 → 2/07/11|
- Fire modelling
- Phase Change Material (PCM)
Kolaitis, D., Asimakopoulou, E., & Founti, M. (2011). CFD Simulation of Fire Spreading in a Residential Building: The Effect of Implementing Phase Changing Materials. Paper presented at European Combustion Meeting, Cardiff, United Kingdom.