In the future, the world is expected to rely increasingly on renewable biomass resources for food, fodder, fibre and fuel. The sustainability of this transition to bioeconomy for our water systems depends to a large extent on how we manage our land resources. Changes in land use together with climate change will affect water quantity and quality, which again will have implications for the ecosystem services provided by water resources. These are the main topics of this Ambio special issue on ‘‘Environmental effects of a green bio-economy’’. This paper offers a summary of the eleven papers included in this issue and, at the same time, outlines an approach to quantify and mitigate the impacts of bioeconomy on water resources and their ecosystem services, with indications of useful tools and knowledge needs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information: We thank all contributors to this special issue for their efforts and the editor-in-chief of Ambio , Bo S?derstr?m, for his support to the BIOWATER consortium. We also thank the organisers (Dico Fraters and Karel Kovar, RIVM, The Netherlands and Brian Kronvang, Aarhus University, Denmark) of the Land Use and Water Quality (LUWQ) conference held at Aarhus University, Denmark, June 2019, for permitting BIOWATER to organise a special session on bioeconomy. Thanks also to Anne Mette Poulsen (Aarhus University) for language assistance and Stein Turtum?ygard (NIBIO) for creating the land use map of Nordic countries. This paper is a contribution from the Nordic Centre of Excellence BIOWATER, funded by NordForsk under Project Number 82263. Publisher Copyright: © 2020, The Author(s). Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Ecosystem services
- Long-time monitoring data
- Mitigation measures
- Water quality