Can trained runners effectively attenuate impact accelaeration during repeated high-intensity running bouts?

Adam C Clansey, Mark J Lake, Eric S Wallace, Tom Feehally, Michael Hanlon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of prolonged high intensityrunning on impact accelerations in trained runners. Thirteen male distance runners completed two 20-minute treadmill runs at speeds corresponding to 95% of onset ofblood lactate accumulation. Leg and head accelerations were collected for 20 s every 4th minute. Rating of perceived exertion (RPE) scores were recorded during the 3rd and last minute of each run. RPE responses increased (p <.001) from the start (11.8 ± 0.9, moderate intensity) of the first run to the end (17.7 ±1.5; very hard) of the second run. Runners maintained their leg impact acceleration, impact attenuation, stride length and stride frequency characteristics with prolonged run duration. However, a small (0.11- 0.14g) but significant increase (p <.001) in head impact accelerations were observed at the end of both first and second runs. It was concluded that trained runners are able to control leg impact accelerations during sustained high-intensity running. Alongside the increases in perceived exertion levels, running mechanics and frequency domain impact attenuation levels remained constant. This suggests that the present trained runners are able to cope from a mechanical perspective despite an increased physiological demand.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-268
JournalJournal of Applied Biomechanics
Volume32
Early online date22 Dec 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

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Keywords

  • High-intensity
  • impace accerlation
  • running
  • treadmill

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