Caerulein precursor fragment (CPF) peptides from the skin secretions of Xenopus laevis and Silurana epitropicalis are potent insulin-releasing agents.

D Srinivasan, M Mechkarska, Yasser Abdel-Wahab, Peter Flatt, JM Conlon

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Abstract

Peptidomic analysis of norepinephrine-stimulated skin secretions of the tetraploid clawed frog Xenopus laevis (Pipidae) led to the identification of 10 peptides with the ability to stimulate the release of insulin from the rat BRIN-BD11 clonal β cell line. These peptides were purified to near homogeneity and structural characterization showed that they belong to the magainin (2 peptides), peptide glycine-leucine-amide (PGLa) (1 peptide), xenopsin precursor fragment (1 peptide), and caerulein precursor fragment (CPF) (6 peptides) families. CPF-1, CPF-3, CPF-5 and CPF-6 were the most potent producing a significant (P <0.05) increase in the rate of insulin release at concentration of 0.03 nM. CPF-7 (GFGSFLGKALKAALKIGANALGGAPQQ) produced the maximum stimulation of insulin release (571 ± 30 % of basal rate at 3 μM). In addition, CPF-SE1 (GFLGPLLKLGLKGVAKVIPHLIPSRQQ), previously isolated from skin secretions of the tetraploid frog Silurana epitropicalis, produced a significant (P <0.05) increase in the rate of insulin release at 0.03 nM with a 514 ± 13% increase over basal rate at 3 μM. No CPF peptide stimulated release of the cytosolic enzyme, lactate dehydrogenase from BRIN-BD11 cells at concentrations up to 3 μM indicating that the integrity of the plasma membrane had been preserved. The mechanism of action of the CPF peptides involves, at least in part, membrane depolarization and an increase in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration. The CPF peptides show potential for development into agents for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes.
LanguageEnglish
Pages429-435
JournalBiochimie
Volume95
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2013

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Ceruletide
Peptide Fragments
Xenopus laevis
Skin
Insulin
Peptides
Tetraploidy
Anura
Pipidae
Magainins
Depolarization
Cell membranes
Medical problems
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
Amides
Leucine
Glycine
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Rats
Norepinephrine

Cite this

@article{a74ca8a1eecd4d3f897dc3a4a5912895,
title = "Caerulein precursor fragment (CPF) peptides from the skin secretions of Xenopus laevis and Silurana epitropicalis are potent insulin-releasing agents.",
abstract = "Peptidomic analysis of norepinephrine-stimulated skin secretions of the tetraploid clawed frog Xenopus laevis (Pipidae) led to the identification of 10 peptides with the ability to stimulate the release of insulin from the rat BRIN-BD11 clonal β cell line. These peptides were purified to near homogeneity and structural characterization showed that they belong to the magainin (2 peptides), peptide glycine-leucine-amide (PGLa) (1 peptide), xenopsin precursor fragment (1 peptide), and caerulein precursor fragment (CPF) (6 peptides) families. CPF-1, CPF-3, CPF-5 and CPF-6 were the most potent producing a significant (P <0.05) increase in the rate of insulin release at concentration of 0.03 nM. CPF-7 (GFGSFLGKALKAALKIGANALGGAPQQ) produced the maximum stimulation of insulin release (571 ± 30 {\%} of basal rate at 3 μM). In addition, CPF-SE1 (GFLGPLLKLGLKGVAKVIPHLIPSRQQ), previously isolated from skin secretions of the tetraploid frog Silurana epitropicalis, produced a significant (P <0.05) increase in the rate of insulin release at 0.03 nM with a 514 ± 13{\%} increase over basal rate at 3 μM. No CPF peptide stimulated release of the cytosolic enzyme, lactate dehydrogenase from BRIN-BD11 cells at concentrations up to 3 μM indicating that the integrity of the plasma membrane had been preserved. The mechanism of action of the CPF peptides involves, at least in part, membrane depolarization and an increase in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration. The CPF peptides show potential for development into agents for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes.",
author = "D Srinivasan and M Mechkarska and Yasser Abdel-Wahab and Peter Flatt and JM Conlon",
year = "2013",
month = "2",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Caerulein precursor fragment (CPF) peptides from the skin secretions of Xenopus laevis and Silurana epitropicalis are potent insulin-releasing agents.

AU - Srinivasan, D

AU - Mechkarska, M

AU - Abdel-Wahab, Yasser

AU - Flatt, Peter

AU - Conlon, JM

PY - 2013/2/1

Y1 - 2013/2/1

N2 - Peptidomic analysis of norepinephrine-stimulated skin secretions of the tetraploid clawed frog Xenopus laevis (Pipidae) led to the identification of 10 peptides with the ability to stimulate the release of insulin from the rat BRIN-BD11 clonal β cell line. These peptides were purified to near homogeneity and structural characterization showed that they belong to the magainin (2 peptides), peptide glycine-leucine-amide (PGLa) (1 peptide), xenopsin precursor fragment (1 peptide), and caerulein precursor fragment (CPF) (6 peptides) families. CPF-1, CPF-3, CPF-5 and CPF-6 were the most potent producing a significant (P <0.05) increase in the rate of insulin release at concentration of 0.03 nM. CPF-7 (GFGSFLGKALKAALKIGANALGGAPQQ) produced the maximum stimulation of insulin release (571 ± 30 % of basal rate at 3 μM). In addition, CPF-SE1 (GFLGPLLKLGLKGVAKVIPHLIPSRQQ), previously isolated from skin secretions of the tetraploid frog Silurana epitropicalis, produced a significant (P <0.05) increase in the rate of insulin release at 0.03 nM with a 514 ± 13% increase over basal rate at 3 μM. No CPF peptide stimulated release of the cytosolic enzyme, lactate dehydrogenase from BRIN-BD11 cells at concentrations up to 3 μM indicating that the integrity of the plasma membrane had been preserved. The mechanism of action of the CPF peptides involves, at least in part, membrane depolarization and an increase in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration. The CPF peptides show potential for development into agents for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes.

AB - Peptidomic analysis of norepinephrine-stimulated skin secretions of the tetraploid clawed frog Xenopus laevis (Pipidae) led to the identification of 10 peptides with the ability to stimulate the release of insulin from the rat BRIN-BD11 clonal β cell line. These peptides were purified to near homogeneity and structural characterization showed that they belong to the magainin (2 peptides), peptide glycine-leucine-amide (PGLa) (1 peptide), xenopsin precursor fragment (1 peptide), and caerulein precursor fragment (CPF) (6 peptides) families. CPF-1, CPF-3, CPF-5 and CPF-6 were the most potent producing a significant (P <0.05) increase in the rate of insulin release at concentration of 0.03 nM. CPF-7 (GFGSFLGKALKAALKIGANALGGAPQQ) produced the maximum stimulation of insulin release (571 ± 30 % of basal rate at 3 μM). In addition, CPF-SE1 (GFLGPLLKLGLKGVAKVIPHLIPSRQQ), previously isolated from skin secretions of the tetraploid frog Silurana epitropicalis, produced a significant (P <0.05) increase in the rate of insulin release at 0.03 nM with a 514 ± 13% increase over basal rate at 3 μM. No CPF peptide stimulated release of the cytosolic enzyme, lactate dehydrogenase from BRIN-BD11 cells at concentrations up to 3 μM indicating that the integrity of the plasma membrane had been preserved. The mechanism of action of the CPF peptides involves, at least in part, membrane depolarization and an increase in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration. The CPF peptides show potential for development into agents for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes.

U2 - 10.1016/j.biochi.2012.10.026

DO - 10.1016/j.biochi.2012.10.026

M3 - Article

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