Building Sustainable Networks: A Study of Public Participation and Social Capital

N Bailey, Deborah Peel

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    This chapter takes the Government’s (1998a) White Paper Modern Local Government: In Touch with the People as its starting point and draws on the theoretical literature relating to social capital and public participation. It describes the development and delivery of a public consultation strategy instigated by Brighton and Hove Council as part of the preparation of its pre-deposit draft local development plan. It evaluates the experiences of participants involved in a number of linked participation processes to do with strategic planning issues. The objective is to investigate the links between a number of current themes which contribute to the ‘democratic renewal’ and ‘active citizenship’ debates by focusing on town planning and urban regeneration. The research was prompted by a series of questions:• Are there ways of targeting and encouraging non-joiners to participate?• At the local level, is it just a small proportion of individuals who are actively involved in voluntary and community organisations – the ‘usual suspects’?• Is it possible to encourage and to sustain involvement?• Are members of local organisations likely to widen their interest in community activities and local democracy on the basis of positive experiences of participation?• Is there any evidence that the newer methods of community participation are likely to lead to greater community involvement and democratic renewal?
    LanguageEnglish
    Title of host publicationPlanning in the UK: Agendas for the New Millennium
    EditorsYvonne Rydin, Andy Thornley
    Pages157-181
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

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    social capital
    participation
    community
    town planning
    strategic planning
    experience
    citizenship
    democracy
    evidence

    Cite this

    Bailey, N., & Peel, D. (2002). Building Sustainable Networks: A Study of Public Participation and Social Capital. In Y. Rydin, & A. Thornley (Eds.), Planning in the UK: Agendas for the New Millennium (pp. 157-181)
    Bailey, N ; Peel, Deborah. / Building Sustainable Networks: A Study of Public Participation and Social Capital. Planning in the UK: Agendas for the New Millennium. editor / Yvonne Rydin ; Andy Thornley. 2002. pp. 157-181
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    abstract = "This chapter takes the Government’s (1998a) White Paper Modern Local Government: In Touch with the People as its starting point and draws on the theoretical literature relating to social capital and public participation. It describes the development and delivery of a public consultation strategy instigated by Brighton and Hove Council as part of the preparation of its pre-deposit draft local development plan. It evaluates the experiences of participants involved in a number of linked participation processes to do with strategic planning issues. The objective is to investigate the links between a number of current themes which contribute to the ‘democratic renewal’ and ‘active citizenship’ debates by focusing on town planning and urban regeneration. The research was prompted by a series of questions:• Are there ways of targeting and encouraging non-joiners to participate?• At the local level, is it just a small proportion of individuals who are actively involved in voluntary and community organisations – the ‘usual suspects’?• Is it possible to encourage and to sustain involvement?• Are members of local organisations likely to widen their interest in community activities and local democracy on the basis of positive experiences of participation?• Is there any evidence that the newer methods of community participation are likely to lead to greater community involvement and democratic renewal?",
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    note = "Reference text: Arnstein, S. R. (1969), ‘A ladder of citizen participation’, Journal of the American Institute of Planners, vol. 35(4), pp. 216-224 Brighton and Hove Council (1998), Brighton and Hove Local Plan Consultation Strategy, (by the University of Westminster) Brighton and Hove Council (1999a), Brighton and Hove Local Plan Consultation Reports: 1. Focus Groups. Brighton and Hove Council Brighton and Hove Council (1999b) Brighton and Hove Local Plan Consultation Reports: 2.Community Visioning: Final Report & Summary, Brighton and Hove Council Brighton and Hove Council (1999c) Brighton and Hove Local Plan Consultation Reports: 2a. Community Visioning Workshop Reports, Brighton and Hove Council Commission on Social Justice (1994), Social Justice: Strategies for National Renewal, Vintage, London DoE (1995), Involving Communities in Urban and Rural Regeneration: A Guide for Practitioners, DoE, London DETR (1998a), Modern Local Government: In Touch with the People, Cm.4014, HMSO, London DETR (1998b), Guidance on Enhancing Public Participation in Local Government; a research report, DETR, London DETR (1998c), Enhancing public participation in local government, De Montfort University; University of Strathclyde, HMSO, London DETR (1999), Planning Policy Guidance Note 12: Development Plans, DETR, London Forester, J. (1999), The Deliberative Practitioner: Encouraging Participatory Planning Processes, The MIT Press, London Healey, P. (1997), Collaborative planning: Shaping places in fragmented societies, Planning, Environment, Cities Series, Macmillan, Basingstoke Leach, S. and Wingfield M. (1999) ‘Public Participation and the Democratic Renewal Agenda: Prioritisation or Marginalisation?’, Local Government Studies, vol. 25(4), pp. 46-59 LRN/PLCRC (London Regeneration Network Pan-London Community Regeneration Network), (1999), Capacity building: The way forward, LRN/PLCRC, London Projects in Partnership (1999), Report on Feedback Event (not published) Sanderson, I. (1999), ‘Participation and democratic renewal: From ‘instrumental’ to ‘communicative rationality’?’, Policy and Politics, vol. 27(3), pp. 325-341 Stewart, J. (1996), ‘Innovation in democratic practice in local government’, Policy and Politics, vol 21(1), pp. 29-41 Thake, S. (1999), ‘Capacity building: Making Year Zero work, Beyond the deficit model’, LEPU Seminar, October 13, University of South Bank Thomas, H. (1996), ‘Public Participation in Planning’, in Tewdwr-Jones, M. (ed), British Planning Policy in Transition : Planning in the 1990s, UCL Press, London Thornley, A. (1977), ‘Theoretical perspectives on planning participation’, Progress in Planning, vol. 7(1), Pergamon Press, Oxford Wates, N. (2000) The Community Planning Handbook, Earthscan Publications, London Wilson, P.A. (1997), ‘Building social capital: A learning agenda for the Twenty-first century’, Urban Studies, vol. 34(5/6), pp. 745-760",
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    Bailey, N & Peel, D 2002, Building Sustainable Networks: A Study of Public Participation and Social Capital. in Y Rydin & A Thornley (eds), Planning in the UK: Agendas for the New Millennium. pp. 157-181.

    Building Sustainable Networks: A Study of Public Participation and Social Capital. / Bailey, N; Peel, Deborah.

    Planning in the UK: Agendas for the New Millennium. ed. / Yvonne Rydin; Andy Thornley. 2002. p. 157-181.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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    AU - Peel, Deborah

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    AB - This chapter takes the Government’s (1998a) White Paper Modern Local Government: In Touch with the People as its starting point and draws on the theoretical literature relating to social capital and public participation. It describes the development and delivery of a public consultation strategy instigated by Brighton and Hove Council as part of the preparation of its pre-deposit draft local development plan. It evaluates the experiences of participants involved in a number of linked participation processes to do with strategic planning issues. The objective is to investigate the links between a number of current themes which contribute to the ‘democratic renewal’ and ‘active citizenship’ debates by focusing on town planning and urban regeneration. The research was prompted by a series of questions:• Are there ways of targeting and encouraging non-joiners to participate?• At the local level, is it just a small proportion of individuals who are actively involved in voluntary and community organisations – the ‘usual suspects’?• Is it possible to encourage and to sustain involvement?• Are members of local organisations likely to widen their interest in community activities and local democracy on the basis of positive experiences of participation?• Is there any evidence that the newer methods of community participation are likely to lead to greater community involvement and democratic renewal?

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    Bailey N, Peel D. Building Sustainable Networks: A Study of Public Participation and Social Capital. In Rydin Y, Thornley A, editors, Planning in the UK: Agendas for the New Millennium. 2002. p. 157-181