Building Information Modelling Adoption: An Analysis of the Barriers of Implementation

Robert Eadie, Henry Odeyinka, Mike Browne, Clare Mahon, Michael Yohanis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The UK Government has set a target date for the adoption of Building Information Modelling (BIM) by 2016. Despite the many benefits identified in literature there are also barriers to be overcome but there is little by way of research ranking the importance of each. To enable informed decision making during the implementation process this research provides a ranking of barriers. The study gathered information via a web-based survey from the top 74 United Kingdom based main construction contractors. The findings demonstrated that the barriers are reduced in importance after BIM adoption as the major hurdle of initial investment has been overcome reducing the “Fear” factor”. The two most important barriers to implementing BIM overall are “Scale of Culture Change Required/Lack of Flexibility” and “Lack of supply Chain Buy-in”. The low ranking awarded to “Lack of management support” and “Other Competing Initiatives” show the priority implementation is given in industry.
LanguageEnglish
Pages77-101
JournalJournal of Engineering and Architecture
Volume2
Issue number1
Early online date1 Mar 2014
Publication statusPublished - 11 Sep 2014

Fingerprint

Information modeling
Ranking
Implementation process
Decision making
Government
Web-based
Supply chain
Process research
Culture change
Contractors
Factors
Management support
Industry

Keywords

  • Building Information Modelling
  • BIM
  • Use of BIM
  • Ranking Barriers to BIM implementation.

Cite this

@article{3e6348b42cd64affaa239bba2a5d411c,
title = "Building Information Modelling Adoption: An Analysis of the Barriers of Implementation",
abstract = "The UK Government has set a target date for the adoption of Building Information Modelling (BIM) by 2016. Despite the many benefits identified in literature there are also barriers to be overcome but there is little by way of research ranking the importance of each. To enable informed decision making during the implementation process this research provides a ranking of barriers. The study gathered information via a web-based survey from the top 74 United Kingdom based main construction contractors. The findings demonstrated that the barriers are reduced in importance after BIM adoption as the major hurdle of initial investment has been overcome reducing the “Fear” factor”. The two most important barriers to implementing BIM overall are “Scale of Culture Change Required/Lack of Flexibility” and “Lack of supply Chain Buy-in”. The low ranking awarded to “Lack of management support” and “Other Competing Initiatives” show the priority implementation is given in industry.",
keywords = "Building Information Modelling, BIM, Use of BIM, Ranking Barriers to BIM implementation.",
author = "Robert Eadie and Henry Odeyinka and Mike Browne and Clare Mahon and Michael Yohanis",
note = "Reference text: Ahmad, I., Sein Maung, K. and Panthi, Kamalesh. (2010). Challenges of Integration and ICT's Potentials in the Globalised Construction Industry. Proceedings of PICMET '10: Technology Management for Global Economic Growth (PICMET), 18-22 July 2010, Phuket, Thailand, 1-7. Aouad, G., Wu,S., and Lee, A. (2006), nDimensional Modeling Technology: Past, Present, and Future, Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 20(3): 151-153. Aranda-Mena,G., Crawford, J., Chevez, A. & Froese, T. (2009), Building information modelling demystified: does it make business sense to adopt BIM?, International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 2 (3), 419-434. Arayici, Y., Coates, P., Koskela, L., Kagioglou, M., Usher,C.,and O'Reilly K. (2011), Technology adoption in the BIM implementation for lean architectural practice, Automation in Construction, 20 (2), March 2011, 189-195. Arayici, Y., Khosrowshahi, F., Marshal Ponting, A. and Mihindu, S., (2009), Towards Implementation of Building Information Modelling in the Construction Industry, Fifth International Conference on Construction in the 21st Century (CITC-V) “Collaboration and Integration in Engineering, Management and Technology” May 20-22, 2009, Istanbul, Turkey, Retrieved from http://usir.salford.ac.uk/20702/2/Towards_Building_Information_Modelling_Paper_Engineering_Management_and_Technology_Conference_in_IStanbul.pdf . Arayici, Y and Aouad, G (2010), Building information modelling (BIM) for construction lifecycle management, Construction and Building: Design, Materials, and Techniques, Nova Science Publishers, NY, USA, 99-118. Autodesk User Group International (AUGI), 2012. How Revit Structure Benefits the Construction Estimator. Retrieved from: http://www.augi.com/library/how-revit-structure-benefits-the-construction-estimator . Azhar, S., (2011), Building Information Modelling (BIM): Trends, Benefits, Risks and Challenges for the AEC Industry, Leadership and Management in Engineering, 11(3), 241-252. Barlish, K. and Sullivan, K., (2012), How to Measure the Benefits of BIM - A case study approach. Automation in Construction, 24(1), 149-159. Bartlett, J., Kotrlik, J. and Higgins, C. (2001), Organisational research: determining appropriate sample size in survey research, Information Technology, Learning, and Performance Journal, 19(1), 43–50. Breetzke, K. and Hawkins, M., (2009), Project Extranets and e-procurement: user perspectives, RICS, London, UK. Bentley, (2012), About BIM, Retrieved from: http://www.bentley.com/en-US/Solutions/Buildings/About+BIM.htm . BIMhub, (2012), Benefits of BIM, Retrieved from: http://www.bimhub.com/level-up-bim/paas/ . BIM Industry working Group (2011). A report for the Government Construction Client Group Building Information Modelling (BIM) Working Party Strategy Paper, Retrieved from http://www.bimtaskgroup.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/BIS-BIM-strategy-Report.pdf . Cabinet Office (2012), Government Construction Strategy, One Year On Report and Action Plan Update, Retrieved from http://www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/resource-library/government-construction-strategy . Chao-Duivis, M. (2009), Legal Implications of Working with BIM.(Juridische implicaties van het werken met BIM), Instituut voor Bouwrecht, Tijdschrift voor Bouwrecht nr. 3, The Hague, March 2009. 44. [in Dutch]. Christensen, S., McNamara, J. and O'Shea, K., (2007), Legal and contracting issues in electronic project administration in the construction industry. Structural Survey, 25(3/4), 191 - 203. Cleves, J. and Meyer, R. (2011), No-Fault Construction.s Time Has Arrived, Retrieved from http://www.dbllaw.com/wp-content/uploads/No-Faults-Construction-Time-Has-Arrived-Construction-Lawyer-Article-Summer-2011.pdf . Coates, P., Arayici, Y., Koskela, L. and Usher, C. (2010), The changing perception in the artefacts used in the design practice through BIM adoption , in: CIB 2010, 10/5/10 - 13/5/10, University of Salford UK. Costain Group, (2012). Annual Report 2011: Engineering Solutions to meet national needs, Costain Group PLC, Maidenhead, UK. Crotty, R., (2012), The Impact of Building Information Modelling Transforming Construction. 1st ed. Taylor and Francis, London, UK. Dell & BD+C, (2012), Future-Proofing BIM, Netsian Technologies Group, Phoenix, USA. Dickinson, J., (2010), BIM: What, Why and How, National Resaerch Council Canada, Ontario, Canada. Eadie R., Perera S. and Heaney G. (2010). Identification and Ranking of E-Procurement Drivers and Barriers for Construction Organisations and ranking of these from the perspective of Quantity Surveyors, Journal of Information Technology in Construction, ITcon , 15, 23-43, Retrieved from http://www.itcon.org/2010/2 Eastman, C., Teicholz, P., Sacks, R. and Liston, K., (2011), BIM Handbook: A Guide to Building Information Modelling. 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons Inc, New Jersey, USA. Efficiency and Reform Group,(2011), Government Construction Strategy, Cabinet Office, London, UK. Egan, J., (1998). Rethinking Construction, Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), London, UK. Fellows, R., Langford, D., Newcombe, R. & Urry, S., (1983), Construction Management in Practice. 1st ed. Longman, Harlow, UK. Furneaux, C. and Kivvits, R. (2008) BIM – implications for government, CRC for Construction Innovation, Brisbane, Australia. Glautier, M.W.E and Underdown, B. (2001). Accounting Theory and Practice. 7th ed. Pearson Education. Edinburgh, UK. Giel, B., Issa, R.R.A. and Olbina, S., (2010) Return on investment Analysis of Building Information Modelling in Construction. Nottingham, Nottingham University Press. Griffiths, A., Stephenson, P. and Watson, P., (2000), Management Systems for Construction. Pearson Education Limited, Harlow, UK. Gu, N. and London, K.., (2010). Understanding and Facilitating BIM Adoption in the AEC Industry. Automation in Construction, 19(1), 988-999. Hardin, B., (2009), BIM and Construction Management. 1st ed. Wiley Publishing Ltd, Indiana, USA. Harris, F., McCaffer, R. and Edum-Fotwe, F , (2006), Modern Construction Management, 6th ed, Blackwell, Oxford, UK. IEEE Standards Board, (1990), IEEE Standard Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, USA. Jordani, D. (2008), BIM: A Healthy Disruption to a Fragmented and Broken Process, Journal of Building Information Modelling, Spring 2008, 24-26. Jung,Y and Joo, M. (2011) Building information modelling (BIM) framework for practical implementation, Automation in Construction, 20(2), March 2011, 126-133. Kerzner, H., (2004), Project Management, 9th ed., John Wiley and Sons Inc., New Jersey, USA. Khosrowshahi, F. and Arayici, Y. (2012), Roadmap for implementation of BIM in the UK construction industry, Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 19(6), 610 – 635. Langford, D. &. Male. Stephen.,(2001). Strategic Management in Construction. 2nd ed. Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK. Latham, M., (1994), Constructing the Team. London, Her Majesty's Stationary Office (HMSO), London, UK. Lee, G., Harrison, K. and Won, J.,(2012). Economic Impact of BIM-Assissted Design Validation. Automation in Construction, 22(1), 577 - 586. Lewis, A., Riley, D. & Elmualim, A., (2010), Defining High Performance Buildings for Operations and Maintenance. International Journal of Facility Management, 1(2), 1-16. Lowe, D. and Leiringer, R., (2006), Commercial Management of Projects, 1st ed., Blackwell Publishing, London, UK. Martin, R., 2012. Building Information Modeling Market to Reach $6.5 Billion Worldwide by 2020, Forecasts Pike Research, Retrieved from http://www.marketwatch.com/story/building-information-modeling-market-to-reach-65-billion-worldwide-by-2020-forecasts-pike-research-2012-05-08 . Matthews, D. (2011), First Ever BIM Legal Case in the US, Retrieved from http://www.building.co.uk/news/first-ever-bim-legal-case-in-us/5019872.article . Mihindu, S. and Arayici, Y. (2008), “Digital construction through BIM systems will drive the re-engineering of construction business practices”, Proceedings of the International Conference Visualisation, IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, CA. 9-11 July 2008, 29-34. Mitchell, A. & Demian, P. (2006). Barriers that Influence the Implementation of UK Construction Project Extranets. Retrieved from http://homepages.lboro.ac.uk/~cvpd2/PDFs/134_Barriers{\%}20That{\%}20Influence{\%}20the{\%}20Implementation{\%}20of{\%}20UK{\%}20Constru.pdf . Moon, H., Choi, M., Kim, S. and Ryu, S., (2011), Case Studies for the Evaluation of Interoperability Between a BIM Based Architectural Model and Building Performance Analysis Programs, International Building Performance Simulation Association, Sydney, Australia. Oluwole, A. (2011) A preliminary review on the legal implications of BIM and model ownership, Journal of Information Technology in Construction (ITcon), 16, pg. 687-696, available online at http://www.itcon.org/2011/40 (accessed January 2013). Pniewski, V., (2011), Building Information Modelling (BIM) Interoperability Issues: in Light of Interdisciplinary Collaboration. 3rd ed. Collaborative Modelling Ltd, London, UK. Race, S., (2012), BIM Demystified. 1st ed. London: RIBA Publishing, UK. Roberts, J., (2004), The Modern Firm. 1st ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. Rowlinson, S., Collins, R., Tuuli, M. & Jia, Y., (2009), Implementation of Building Information Modeling (BIM) in Construction: A Comparative Case Study, Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Computational Mechanics and the 12th International Conference on the Enhancement and Promotion of Computational Methods in Engineering and Science, Hong Kong‐ Macau (China), 30 November–3 December 2009, AIP Conf. Proc. 1233, 572-577. Ruikar, K., Anumba, C., and Carrillo, P. (2005), End-user perspectives on use of Project Extranets in construction organisations, Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 12(3), 222-235. Succar, B. (2009), Building information modelling framework: a research and delivery foundation for industry stakeholders, Automation in Construction, 18 (3), 357–375. Thompson, D. and Miner, R., (2010), Building Information Modeling - BIM: Contractual Risks are Changing with Technology, Retrieved from http://aepronet.infinityit.com/Guest{\%}20Essays/GE{\%}20-{\%}202006_09{\%}20-{\%}20Building{\%}20Information{\%}20Modeling.pdf . Udom, K., (2012), Building Information Modelling, Retrieved from http://www.thenbs.com/topics/bim/articles/bimMappingOutTheLegalIssues.asp . UK Parliament, (1980). Limitation Act 1980, HMSO, London, UK. Wallbank, B., (2011), BIM and Professional Indemnity Insurance, Graphisoft, Woking, UK. Watson, A. (2010), BIM – A driver for change. Proceedings of the International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering, (Ed. Tizani, W.), University of Nottingham, Retrieved from http://www.engineering.nottingham.ac.uk/icccbe/proceedings/pdf/pf69.pdf . Wilkinson, P., (2005), Construction Collaboration Technologies: The Extranet Evolution. 1st ed. Taylor & Francis Oxon, UK. Wolstenholme, A., Austin, S., Bairstow, M., Blumenthal, A., Lorimer, J., McGuckin, S., Rhys Jones, S., Ward, D., Whysall, D., Le Grand, Z., Guthrie, W., and Davies, R. (2009), Never waste a good crisis: a review of progress since Rethinking Construction and thoughts for our future. Constructing Excellence, London, UK. Yan, H. and Damian P., (2008), Benefits and Barriers of Building Information Modelling, Retrieved from http://homepages.lboro.ac.uk/~cvpd2/PDFs/294_Benefits{\%}20and{\%}20Barriers{\%}20of{\%}20Building{\%}20Information{\%}20Modelling.pdf . Zairi, M. and Sinclair, D., (1995), Business Process Re-Engineering and Process Management: A survey of current practice and future trends in integrated management. Business Process Re-engineering & Management Journal, 1(1), 8 - 30.",
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Building Information Modelling Adoption: An Analysis of the Barriers of Implementation. / Eadie, Robert; Odeyinka, Henry; Browne, Mike; Mahon, Clare; Yohanis, Michael.

In: Journal of Engineering and Architecture, Vol. 2, No. 1, 11.09.2014, p. 77-101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Eadie, Robert

AU - Odeyinka, Henry

AU - Browne, Mike

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N1 - Reference text: Ahmad, I., Sein Maung, K. and Panthi, Kamalesh. (2010). Challenges of Integration and ICT's Potentials in the Globalised Construction Industry. Proceedings of PICMET '10: Technology Management for Global Economic Growth (PICMET), 18-22 July 2010, Phuket, Thailand, 1-7. Aouad, G., Wu,S., and Lee, A. (2006), nDimensional Modeling Technology: Past, Present, and Future, Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 20(3): 151-153. Aranda-Mena,G., Crawford, J., Chevez, A. & Froese, T. (2009), Building information modelling demystified: does it make business sense to adopt BIM?, International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 2 (3), 419-434. Arayici, Y., Coates, P., Koskela, L., Kagioglou, M., Usher,C.,and O'Reilly K. (2011), Technology adoption in the BIM implementation for lean architectural practice, Automation in Construction, 20 (2), March 2011, 189-195. Arayici, Y., Khosrowshahi, F., Marshal Ponting, A. and Mihindu, S., (2009), Towards Implementation of Building Information Modelling in the Construction Industry, Fifth International Conference on Construction in the 21st Century (CITC-V) “Collaboration and Integration in Engineering, Management and Technology” May 20-22, 2009, Istanbul, Turkey, Retrieved from http://usir.salford.ac.uk/20702/2/Towards_Building_Information_Modelling_Paper_Engineering_Management_and_Technology_Conference_in_IStanbul.pdf . Arayici, Y and Aouad, G (2010), Building information modelling (BIM) for construction lifecycle management, Construction and Building: Design, Materials, and Techniques, Nova Science Publishers, NY, USA, 99-118. Autodesk User Group International (AUGI), 2012. How Revit Structure Benefits the Construction Estimator. Retrieved from: http://www.augi.com/library/how-revit-structure-benefits-the-construction-estimator . Azhar, S., (2011), Building Information Modelling (BIM): Trends, Benefits, Risks and Challenges for the AEC Industry, Leadership and Management in Engineering, 11(3), 241-252. Barlish, K. and Sullivan, K., (2012), How to Measure the Benefits of BIM - A case study approach. Automation in Construction, 24(1), 149-159. Bartlett, J., Kotrlik, J. and Higgins, C. (2001), Organisational research: determining appropriate sample size in survey research, Information Technology, Learning, and Performance Journal, 19(1), 43–50. Breetzke, K. and Hawkins, M., (2009), Project Extranets and e-procurement: user perspectives, RICS, London, UK. Bentley, (2012), About BIM, Retrieved from: http://www.bentley.com/en-US/Solutions/Buildings/About+BIM.htm . BIMhub, (2012), Benefits of BIM, Retrieved from: http://www.bimhub.com/level-up-bim/paas/ . BIM Industry working Group (2011). A report for the Government Construction Client Group Building Information Modelling (BIM) Working Party Strategy Paper, Retrieved from http://www.bimtaskgroup.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/BIS-BIM-strategy-Report.pdf . Cabinet Office (2012), Government Construction Strategy, One Year On Report and Action Plan Update, Retrieved from http://www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/resource-library/government-construction-strategy . Chao-Duivis, M. (2009), Legal Implications of Working with BIM.(Juridische implicaties van het werken met BIM), Instituut voor Bouwrecht, Tijdschrift voor Bouwrecht nr. 3, The Hague, March 2009. 44. [in Dutch]. Christensen, S., McNamara, J. and O'Shea, K., (2007), Legal and contracting issues in electronic project administration in the construction industry. Structural Survey, 25(3/4), 191 - 203. Cleves, J. and Meyer, R. (2011), No-Fault Construction.s Time Has Arrived, Retrieved from http://www.dbllaw.com/wp-content/uploads/No-Faults-Construction-Time-Has-Arrived-Construction-Lawyer-Article-Summer-2011.pdf . Coates, P., Arayici, Y., Koskela, L. and Usher, C. (2010), The changing perception in the artefacts used in the design practice through BIM adoption , in: CIB 2010, 10/5/10 - 13/5/10, University of Salford UK. Costain Group, (2012). Annual Report 2011: Engineering Solutions to meet national needs, Costain Group PLC, Maidenhead, UK. Crotty, R., (2012), The Impact of Building Information Modelling Transforming Construction. 1st ed. Taylor and Francis, London, UK. Dell & BD+C, (2012), Future-Proofing BIM, Netsian Technologies Group, Phoenix, USA. Dickinson, J., (2010), BIM: What, Why and How, National Resaerch Council Canada, Ontario, Canada. Eadie R., Perera S. and Heaney G. (2010). Identification and Ranking of E-Procurement Drivers and Barriers for Construction Organisations and ranking of these from the perspective of Quantity Surveyors, Journal of Information Technology in Construction, ITcon , 15, 23-43, Retrieved from http://www.itcon.org/2010/2 Eastman, C., Teicholz, P., Sacks, R. and Liston, K., (2011), BIM Handbook: A Guide to Building Information Modelling. 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons Inc, New Jersey, USA. Efficiency and Reform Group,(2011), Government Construction Strategy, Cabinet Office, London, UK. Egan, J., (1998). Rethinking Construction, Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), London, UK. Fellows, R., Langford, D., Newcombe, R. & Urry, S., (1983), Construction Management in Practice. 1st ed. Longman, Harlow, UK. Furneaux, C. and Kivvits, R. (2008) BIM – implications for government, CRC for Construction Innovation, Brisbane, Australia. Glautier, M.W.E and Underdown, B. (2001). Accounting Theory and Practice. 7th ed. Pearson Education. Edinburgh, UK. Giel, B., Issa, R.R.A. and Olbina, S., (2010) Return on investment Analysis of Building Information Modelling in Construction. Nottingham, Nottingham University Press. Griffiths, A., Stephenson, P. and Watson, P., (2000), Management Systems for Construction. Pearson Education Limited, Harlow, UK. Gu, N. and London, K.., (2010). Understanding and Facilitating BIM Adoption in the AEC Industry. Automation in Construction, 19(1), 988-999. Hardin, B., (2009), BIM and Construction Management. 1st ed. Wiley Publishing Ltd, Indiana, USA. Harris, F., McCaffer, R. and Edum-Fotwe, F , (2006), Modern Construction Management, 6th ed, Blackwell, Oxford, UK. IEEE Standards Board, (1990), IEEE Standard Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, USA. Jordani, D. (2008), BIM: A Healthy Disruption to a Fragmented and Broken Process, Journal of Building Information Modelling, Spring 2008, 24-26. Jung,Y and Joo, M. (2011) Building information modelling (BIM) framework for practical implementation, Automation in Construction, 20(2), March 2011, 126-133. Kerzner, H., (2004), Project Management, 9th ed., John Wiley and Sons Inc., New Jersey, USA. Khosrowshahi, F. and Arayici, Y. (2012), Roadmap for implementation of BIM in the UK construction industry, Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 19(6), 610 – 635. Langford, D. &. Male. Stephen.,(2001). Strategic Management in Construction. 2nd ed. Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK. Latham, M., (1994), Constructing the Team. London, Her Majesty's Stationary Office (HMSO), London, UK. Lee, G., Harrison, K. and Won, J.,(2012). Economic Impact of BIM-Assissted Design Validation. Automation in Construction, 22(1), 577 - 586. Lewis, A., Riley, D. & Elmualim, A., (2010), Defining High Performance Buildings for Operations and Maintenance. International Journal of Facility Management, 1(2), 1-16. Lowe, D. and Leiringer, R., (2006), Commercial Management of Projects, 1st ed., Blackwell Publishing, London, UK. Martin, R., 2012. Building Information Modeling Market to Reach $6.5 Billion Worldwide by 2020, Forecasts Pike Research, Retrieved from http://www.marketwatch.com/story/building-information-modeling-market-to-reach-65-billion-worldwide-by-2020-forecasts-pike-research-2012-05-08 . Matthews, D. (2011), First Ever BIM Legal Case in the US, Retrieved from http://www.building.co.uk/news/first-ever-bim-legal-case-in-us/5019872.article . Mihindu, S. and Arayici, Y. (2008), “Digital construction through BIM systems will drive the re-engineering of construction business practices”, Proceedings of the International Conference Visualisation, IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, CA. 9-11 July 2008, 29-34. Mitchell, A. & Demian, P. (2006). Barriers that Influence the Implementation of UK Construction Project Extranets. Retrieved from http://homepages.lboro.ac.uk/~cvpd2/PDFs/134_Barriers%20That%20Influence%20the%20Implementation%20of%20UK%20Constru.pdf . Moon, H., Choi, M., Kim, S. and Ryu, S., (2011), Case Studies for the Evaluation of Interoperability Between a BIM Based Architectural Model and Building Performance Analysis Programs, International Building Performance Simulation Association, Sydney, Australia. Oluwole, A. (2011) A preliminary review on the legal implications of BIM and model ownership, Journal of Information Technology in Construction (ITcon), 16, pg. 687-696, available online at http://www.itcon.org/2011/40 (accessed January 2013). Pniewski, V., (2011), Building Information Modelling (BIM) Interoperability Issues: in Light of Interdisciplinary Collaboration. 3rd ed. Collaborative Modelling Ltd, London, UK. Race, S., (2012), BIM Demystified. 1st ed. London: RIBA Publishing, UK. Roberts, J., (2004), The Modern Firm. 1st ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. Rowlinson, S., Collins, R., Tuuli, M. & Jia, Y., (2009), Implementation of Building Information Modeling (BIM) in Construction: A Comparative Case Study, Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Computational Mechanics and the 12th International Conference on the Enhancement and Promotion of Computational Methods in Engineering and Science, Hong Kong‐ Macau (China), 30 November–3 December 2009, AIP Conf. Proc. 1233, 572-577. Ruikar, K., Anumba, C., and Carrillo, P. (2005), End-user perspectives on use of Project Extranets in construction organisations, Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 12(3), 222-235. Succar, B. (2009), Building information modelling framework: a research and delivery foundation for industry stakeholders, Automation in Construction, 18 (3), 357–375. Thompson, D. and Miner, R., (2010), Building Information Modeling - BIM: Contractual Risks are Changing with Technology, Retrieved from http://aepronet.infinityit.com/Guest%20Essays/GE%20-%202006_09%20-%20Building%20Information%20Modeling.pdf . Udom, K., (2012), Building Information Modelling, Retrieved from http://www.thenbs.com/topics/bim/articles/bimMappingOutTheLegalIssues.asp . UK Parliament, (1980). Limitation Act 1980, HMSO, London, UK. Wallbank, B., (2011), BIM and Professional Indemnity Insurance, Graphisoft, Woking, UK. Watson, A. (2010), BIM – A driver for change. Proceedings of the International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering, (Ed. Tizani, W.), University of Nottingham, Retrieved from http://www.engineering.nottingham.ac.uk/icccbe/proceedings/pdf/pf69.pdf . Wilkinson, P., (2005), Construction Collaboration Technologies: The Extranet Evolution. 1st ed. Taylor & Francis Oxon, UK. Wolstenholme, A., Austin, S., Bairstow, M., Blumenthal, A., Lorimer, J., McGuckin, S., Rhys Jones, S., Ward, D., Whysall, D., Le Grand, Z., Guthrie, W., and Davies, R. (2009), Never waste a good crisis: a review of progress since Rethinking Construction and thoughts for our future. Constructing Excellence, London, UK. Yan, H. and Damian P., (2008), Benefits and Barriers of Building Information Modelling, Retrieved from http://homepages.lboro.ac.uk/~cvpd2/PDFs/294_Benefits%20and%20Barriers%20of%20Building%20Information%20Modelling.pdf . Zairi, M. and Sinclair, D., (1995), Business Process Re-Engineering and Process Management: A survey of current practice and future trends in integrated management. Business Process Re-engineering & Management Journal, 1(1), 8 - 30.

PY - 2014/9/11

Y1 - 2014/9/11

N2 - The UK Government has set a target date for the adoption of Building Information Modelling (BIM) by 2016. Despite the many benefits identified in literature there are also barriers to be overcome but there is little by way of research ranking the importance of each. To enable informed decision making during the implementation process this research provides a ranking of barriers. The study gathered information via a web-based survey from the top 74 United Kingdom based main construction contractors. The findings demonstrated that the barriers are reduced in importance after BIM adoption as the major hurdle of initial investment has been overcome reducing the “Fear” factor”. The two most important barriers to implementing BIM overall are “Scale of Culture Change Required/Lack of Flexibility” and “Lack of supply Chain Buy-in”. The low ranking awarded to “Lack of management support” and “Other Competing Initiatives” show the priority implementation is given in industry.

AB - The UK Government has set a target date for the adoption of Building Information Modelling (BIM) by 2016. Despite the many benefits identified in literature there are also barriers to be overcome but there is little by way of research ranking the importance of each. To enable informed decision making during the implementation process this research provides a ranking of barriers. The study gathered information via a web-based survey from the top 74 United Kingdom based main construction contractors. The findings demonstrated that the barriers are reduced in importance after BIM adoption as the major hurdle of initial investment has been overcome reducing the “Fear” factor”. The two most important barriers to implementing BIM overall are “Scale of Culture Change Required/Lack of Flexibility” and “Lack of supply Chain Buy-in”. The low ranking awarded to “Lack of management support” and “Other Competing Initiatives” show the priority implementation is given in industry.

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KW - Use of BIM

KW - Ranking Barriers to BIM implementation.

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JO - Journal of Engineering and Architecture

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JF - Journal of Engineering and Architecture

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