“British Higher Education: “Exceptionalism” in face of the Bologna Process?”

Rosalind Pritchard

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The purpose of the paper is to examine the extent to which the United Kingdom higher education system diverges from the other countries in the European Higher Education Area. It concludes that the fees and the sometimes ruthless stratagems to reduce costs are what really set the UK apart from other European countries. It is true that other countries have also imposed draconian cuts on their universities, but the British state is now refusing to finance non-STEM subjects at all, and English higher education has become the most expensive in Europe. In this respect, the country has gone its own way regardless of any disapproval that may be forthcoming from across the Channel or from the OECD. Three main reasons are suggested why this is so: the early, profound and bipartisan impact of Thatcherism, policy emulation of the United States and Europhobia.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages8-25
    JournalBeiträge zur Hochschulforschung
    Volume34
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 29 Jan 2012

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    Bologna Process
    fee
    OECD
    education system
    education
    finance
    university
    costs

    Keywords

    • Bologna Process
    • British higher education

    Cite this

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    title = "“British Higher Education: “Exceptionalism” in face of the Bologna Process?”",
    abstract = "The purpose of the paper is to examine the extent to which the United Kingdom higher education system diverges from the other countries in the European Higher Education Area. It concludes that the fees and the sometimes ruthless stratagems to reduce costs are what really set the UK apart from other European countries. It is true that other countries have also imposed draconian cuts on their universities, but the British state is now refusing to finance non-STEM subjects at all, and English higher education has become the most expensive in Europe. In this respect, the country has gone its own way regardless of any disapproval that may be forthcoming from across the Channel or from the OECD. Three main reasons are suggested why this is so: the early, profound and bipartisan impact of Thatcherism, policy emulation of the United States and Europhobia.",
    keywords = "Bologna Process, British higher education",
    author = "Rosalind Pritchard",
    note = "Reference text: Alderman, Geoffrey (1996): Audit, Assessment and Academic Autonomy. In: Higher Education Quarterly, 50, 3, pp. 178-192 Bekhradnia, Bahram (2003): Widening Participation and Fair Access: An Overview of the Evidence. London Bekhradnia, Bahram (2004): Credit Accumulation & Transfer and the Bologna Process: an Overview. London Bone, Drummond (2008): Internationalisation of HE: A Ten-Year View. London Brennan, John et al. (2009): Diversity in the Student Learning Experience and Time Devoted to Study: a comparative analysis of the UK and European evidence. London Brown, Roger (ed.) (2010): Higher Education and the Market. London Corbett, Ann (2005): Universities and the Europe of Knowledge: Ideas, Institutions and Policy Entrepreneurship in European Union Higher European Policy 1955-2005. Houndmills Basingstoke Dearing Report (1997): National Committee of Inquiry into Higher Education: Higher Education in the Learning Society. London. Deem, Rosemary, Hillyard, Sam, and Reed, Mike (2008): Knowledge, Higher Education, and the New Managerialism. Oxford Di Maggio, Paul and Powell, Walter (1983): The Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional Isomorphism and Collective Rationality in Organisational Fields. In: American Sociological Review 48, pp. 147-160 EACEA – Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency (2010): Focus on Higher Education in Europe 2010: The Impact of the Bologna Process. Brussels EC/ HIS — European Commission and Hochschul- Informations- System (2009): The Bologna Process in Higher Education in Europe: Key Indicators on the Social Dimension and Mobility. Luxembourg Estermann, Thomas et al. (2011): European Universities Diversifying Income Streams: an overview of the study. In: Beitr{\"a}ge zur Hochschulforschung, 33, 2011, 2, pp. 18-39 Finegold, David, McFarland, Laurel and Richardson, William (Vol. 1, 1992; Vol. 2, 1993): Something Borrowed, Something Blue? A Study of the Thatcher Government’s Appropriation of American Education and Training Policy. Oxford Gibbons, Michael, Limoges, Camille, Nowotny, Helga, Schwartzman, Simon, Scott, Peter. and Trow, Martin (1994): The New Production of Knowledge: the Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies. London HEFCE — Higher Education Funding Council England (2010): Young Participation in Higher Education: Core Results for England. Bristol Li, Mei, Shankar, Sriram and Tang, Kam Ki (2011): Why does the USA dominate university league tables? In: Studies in Higher Education, 36, 3, pp. 923-938 Marginson, Simon. (2009): The External Dimension: Positioning the European Higher Education Area in the Global World. In: Kehm, Barbara et al. (eds): The European Higher Education Area: Perspectives on a Moving Target. Rotterdam, pp. 297-321. Marginson, Simon. (2011): Liberal Thinking. Times Higher Education, p. 30. Morgan, John (2010): By the Grades Divided? Elite to take up AAB gauntlet. Times Higher Education, pp. 6-7 Musselin, Christine (2010: The Impact of Changing Recruitment Practices on Academic Profiles. In: Whitchurch, Celia and Gordon, George (eds): Academic and Professional Identities in Higher Education: the Challenges of a Diversifying Workforce. New York and London, pp. 125-137 OECD (2008; 2009): Education at a Glance. Paris Orr, Dominic (2008): Social and Economic Conditions of Student Life in Europe: Synopsis of Indicators, Final Report, Eurostudent III 2005-2008. Bielefeld Pritchard, Rosalind (1994): Government Power in British Higher Education. In: Studies in Higher Education 19, 1994, 3, pp. 253-265 Pritchard, Rosalind (1998): Academic Freedom and Autonomy in the United Kingdom and Germany. In: Minerva, 36 (2), pp. 101-124 Rauhvargers, Andrejs, Deane, Cynthi. & Pauwels, Wilfried (2009): Bologna Process Stocktaking Report 2009: Report from working groups appointed by the Bologna Follow-up Group to the Ministerial Conference in Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve. Brussels Smith, David and Adams, Jonathan (2009): Governance and the Autonomous University: Changing Institutional Leadership in UK and Australian Higher Education. In: Huisman, Jeroen (ed.): International Perspectives on the Governance of Higher Education. New York and London, pp. 252-269 Smith, Steve (2010): Unfunded places? The road to hell is paved with good intentions. Times Higher Education, 24-25 Stensaker, Bjorn & Gornitzka, Asa (2009): The Ingredients of Trust in European Higher Education. In: Kehm, Barbara et al. (eds): The European Higher Education Area: Perspectives on a Moving Target. Rotterdam, pp. 125-139 THE – The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2011-2012 (6.10.2011). London Thompson, John and Bekhradnia, Bahram (2011): Higher Education at the Heart of the System: an Analysis of the Higher Education White Paper. London Trowler, Paul (2003): The UK and the “European Higher Education Space”. Lancaster Universities UK (2008): Quality and Standards in UK Universities: A Guide to How the System Works. London Westerheijden, Don et al. (2010): The First Decade of Working on the European Higher Education Area. The Bologna Process Independent Assessment: executive summary, overview and conclusions. Twente and Kassell. Ownership resides with the European Union White Paper Cm 8122 (2011): Higher Education: Students at the Heart of the System. London: Department for Business, Innovation and Skills",
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    “British Higher Education: “Exceptionalism” in face of the Bologna Process?”. / Pritchard, Rosalind.

    In: Beiträge zur Hochschulforschung, Vol. 34, No. 1, 29.01.2012, p. 8-25.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Deem, Rosemary, Hillyard, Sam, and Reed, Mike (2008): Knowledge, Higher Education, and the New Managerialism. Oxford Di Maggio, Paul and Powell, Walter (1983): The Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional Isomorphism and Collective Rationality in Organisational Fields. In: American Sociological Review 48, pp. 147-160 EACEA – Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency (2010): Focus on Higher Education in Europe 2010: The Impact of the Bologna Process. Brussels EC/ HIS — European Commission and Hochschul- Informations- System (2009): The Bologna Process in Higher Education in Europe: Key Indicators on the Social Dimension and Mobility. Luxembourg Estermann, Thomas et al. (2011): European Universities Diversifying Income Streams: an overview of the study. In: Beiträge zur Hochschulforschung, 33, 2011, 2, pp. 18-39 Finegold, David, McFarland, Laurel and Richardson, William (Vol. 1, 1992; Vol. 2, 1993): Something Borrowed, Something Blue? A Study of the Thatcher Government’s Appropriation of American Education and Training Policy. Oxford Gibbons, Michael, Limoges, Camille, Nowotny, Helga, Schwartzman, Simon, Scott, Peter. and Trow, Martin (1994): The New Production of Knowledge: the Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies. London HEFCE — Higher Education Funding Council England (2010): Young Participation in Higher Education: Core Results for England. Bristol Li, Mei, Shankar, Sriram and Tang, Kam Ki (2011): Why does the USA dominate university league tables? In: Studies in Higher Education, 36, 3, pp. 923-938 Marginson, Simon. (2009): The External Dimension: Positioning the European Higher Education Area in the Global World. In: Kehm, Barbara et al. (eds): The European Higher Education Area: Perspectives on a Moving Target. Rotterdam, pp. 297-321. Marginson, Simon. (2011): Liberal Thinking. Times Higher Education, p. 30. Morgan, John (2010): By the Grades Divided? Elite to take up AAB gauntlet. Times Higher Education, pp. 6-7 Musselin, Christine (2010: The Impact of Changing Recruitment Practices on Academic Profiles. In: Whitchurch, Celia and Gordon, George (eds): Academic and Professional Identities in Higher Education: the Challenges of a Diversifying Workforce. New York and London, pp. 125-137 OECD (2008; 2009): Education at a Glance. Paris Orr, Dominic (2008): Social and Economic Conditions of Student Life in Europe: Synopsis of Indicators, Final Report, Eurostudent III 2005-2008. Bielefeld Pritchard, Rosalind (1994): Government Power in British Higher Education. In: Studies in Higher Education 19, 1994, 3, pp. 253-265 Pritchard, Rosalind (1998): Academic Freedom and Autonomy in the United Kingdom and Germany. In: Minerva, 36 (2), pp. 101-124 Rauhvargers, Andrejs, Deane, Cynthi. & Pauwels, Wilfried (2009): Bologna Process Stocktaking Report 2009: Report from working groups appointed by the Bologna Follow-up Group to the Ministerial Conference in Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve. Brussels Smith, David and Adams, Jonathan (2009): Governance and the Autonomous University: Changing Institutional Leadership in UK and Australian Higher Education. In: Huisman, Jeroen (ed.): International Perspectives on the Governance of Higher Education. New York and London, pp. 252-269 Smith, Steve (2010): Unfunded places? The road to hell is paved with good intentions. Times Higher Education, 24-25 Stensaker, Bjorn & Gornitzka, Asa (2009): The Ingredients of Trust in European Higher Education. In: Kehm, Barbara et al. (eds): The European Higher Education Area: Perspectives on a Moving Target. Rotterdam, pp. 125-139 THE – The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2011-2012 (6.10.2011). London Thompson, John and Bekhradnia, Bahram (2011): Higher Education at the Heart of the System: an Analysis of the Higher Education White Paper. London Trowler, Paul (2003): The UK and the “European Higher Education Space”. Lancaster Universities UK (2008): Quality and Standards in UK Universities: A Guide to How the System Works. London Westerheijden, Don et al. (2010): The First Decade of Working on the European Higher Education Area. The Bologna Process Independent Assessment: executive summary, overview and conclusions. Twente and Kassell. Ownership resides with the European Union White Paper Cm 8122 (2011): Higher Education: Students at the Heart of the System. London: Department for Business, Innovation and Skills

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