Brevinin-1BYa: a naturally occurring peptide from frog skin with broad-spectrum antibacterial and antifungal properties

Tibor Pál, Bency Abraham, Ágnes Sonnevend, Pauline Jumaa, J. Michael Conlon

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48 Citations (Scopus)


Brevinin-1BYa (FLPILASLAAKFGPKLFCLVTKKC) is a cationic α-helical peptide containing an intramolecular disulphide bridge that is present in skin secretions of the foothill yellow-legged frog Rana boylii. A synthetic replicate of the peptide showed growth inhibitory activity against a range of reference strains of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, against clinical isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) (minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) = 2.5 μM), and against reference strains and clinical isolates of the opportunistic yeast pathogens Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis, Candida krusei and Candida parapsilosis (MIC ≤ 10 μM). However, the therapeutic potential of the peptide, especially for systemic applications, is restricted by its high haemolytic activity against human erythrocytes (LD50 = 10 μM). Replacement of the cysteine residues in brevinin-1BYa by serine produced an acyclic analogue with eight-fold reduced haemolytic activity that retained high potency against Gram-positive bacteria, including strains of MRSA (MIC = 5 μM), however activities against Gram-negative bacteria and yeast species were reduced. It is suggested that brevinin-1BYa represents a candidate for drug development, particularly for topical applications against antibiotic-resistant microorganisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-529
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - Jun 2006


  • Antibacterial and antifungal peptide
  • Brevinin-1
  • Frog skin


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