Breakfast Consumption in the UK: Patterns, Nutrient Intake and Diet Quality. A Study from the International Breakfast Research Initiative Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)
21 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Breakfast consumption is associated with higher overall dietary adequacy; however, there is
a lack of quantitative guidelines for optimal nutrient intakes at breakfast in the UK. This study aimed
to investigate nutrient and food group intakes at breakfast and examine their relationship to overall
Diet Quality (DQ). Data from the most recent National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS, 2008–2014)
were accessed to provide a representative sample (n = 8174) of the UK population, aged 5–96 years,
mean age of 33 years. Food intake was measured by a 4-day estimated food diary and DQ was
assessed by the Nutrient Rich Food Index 9.3 method. Energy- and socio-economic-adjusted nutrient
and food group intakes were compared across age groups and DQ tertiles by ANCOVA. Breakfast
contributed 20–22% to total energy intake. Breakfast intakes of carbohydrate and non-milk extrinsic
sugars (NMES) were higher, and intakes of protein, total fat and saturated fatty acid (SFA) were
lower, than relative daily intakes. Breakfast was particularly rich in B vitamins, vitamin D, calcium,
iron, iodine and magnesium. From the lowest to the highest DQ tertile decreasing intakes of NMES,
SFA and total fat and increasing intakes of carbohydrate, protein, fibre and most micronutrients were
found. These findings could help to inform the development of nutrient-based recommendations for
a balanced breakfast for the first time in the UK.
Original languageEnglish
Article number999
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalNutrients
Volume10
Issue number8
Early online date30 Jul 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • breakfast consumption
  • nutrient intake
  • diet quality
  • Nutrient Rich Food Index 9.3
  • food groups
  • NDNS

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Breakfast Consumption in the UK: Patterns, Nutrient Intake and Diet Quality. A Study from the International Breakfast Research Initiative Group'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this