Birth memories of Jordanian women: findings from qualitative data

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Birth memories about their childbirth experience are powerful factors influencing women’s future fertility and exploring birth memories is important. Birth memories of women in Jordan have never been reported previously. Objective: To explore the childbirth memories of women in Jordan. Design: An exploratory descriptive study was conducted to collect quantitative and qualitative data on 160 first-time mothers giving birth in Northern Jordan’s Bade' a Hospital. Data were collected using three open-ended questions up to six weeks after the birth. Major themes emerging from the analysis were subject to manifest and latent content analysis to quantify qualitative data where appropriate. Results: All women were married and their age ranged from 17 to 37 years. About two-thirds (64.5%) had school education and 35.5% had graduate education. The majority (72.5%) were housewives. The major themes to emerge from the data were negative childbirth memories, women being processed, dehumanised birth, vivid recall, halo effect, the joy of becoming a mother and praise for the support of Allah. Conclusion: Findings provide evidence of the poor care that women receive during labour and birth. Women seem to be processed as objects to give birth in a technological manner. They are treated more like machines devoid of feeling than independent women requiring information, childbirth education or supportive ‘one to one’ care. Childbirth care was based on a medical model where the birth process is institutionalised, managed and controlled by the use of birth technology. There was no evidence of holistic care provided for women, and little consideration of their psychological, environmental or family relationships.
LanguageEnglish
Pages235-244
JournalJournal of Research in Nursing
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

Fingerprint

Parturition
Jordan
Prenatal Education
Mothers
Epidemiologic Effect Modifiers
Graduate Education
Family Relations
Fertility
Emotions
Psychology
Technology
Education

Keywords

  • birth memories
  • birth technology
  • childbirth experience
  • Jordan
  • Middle East
  • qualitative study

Cite this

@article{6139ed2a70a74242918fdbda75c2aa74,
title = "Birth memories of Jordanian women: findings from qualitative data",
abstract = "Background: Birth memories about their childbirth experience are powerful factors influencing women’s future fertility and exploring birth memories is important. Birth memories of women in Jordan have never been reported previously. Objective: To explore the childbirth memories of women in Jordan. Design: An exploratory descriptive study was conducted to collect quantitative and qualitative data on 160 first-time mothers giving birth in Northern Jordan’s Bade' a Hospital. Data were collected using three open-ended questions up to six weeks after the birth. Major themes emerging from the analysis were subject to manifest and latent content analysis to quantify qualitative data where appropriate. Results: All women were married and their age ranged from 17 to 37 years. About two-thirds (64.5{\%}) had school education and 35.5{\%} had graduate education. The majority (72.5{\%}) were housewives. The major themes to emerge from the data were negative childbirth memories, women being processed, dehumanised birth, vivid recall, halo effect, the joy of becoming a mother and praise for the support of Allah. Conclusion: Findings provide evidence of the poor care that women receive during labour and birth. Women seem to be processed as objects to give birth in a technological manner. They are treated more like machines devoid of feeling than independent women requiring information, childbirth education or supportive ‘one to one’ care. Childbirth care was based on a medical model where the birth process is institutionalised, managed and controlled by the use of birth technology. There was no evidence of holistic care provided for women, and little consideration of their psychological, environmental or family relationships.",
keywords = "birth memories, birth technology, childbirth experience, Jordan, Middle East, qualitative study",
author = "Reem Hatamleh and M. Sinclair and WG KERNOHAN and Brendan Bunting",
note = "Reference text: Abushaikha L (2007) Method of coping with labour pain used by Jordanian women. International Journal of Nursing Practice 18(1): 35–40. Addustour Newspaper (2009) Average income in Jordan. Available at: http:// www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-198787893.html (accessed 20 August 2009). Amarin Z, Jaddou H, Khader Y, et al. (2009) Maternal mortality in Jordan. Unpublished study, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Jordan. Baker JP (2000) Prenatal Yoga and Natural Childbirth. Silver Anniversary ed., Monroe, UT: Freestone & North Atlantic Books. Burnard P (1991) A method of analysing interview transcripts in qualitative research. Nurse Education Today 11(6): 461–566. Creedy D, Shochet I and Horsfall J (2000) Childbirth and the development of acute trauma symptoms: Incidence and contributing factors. Birth 27(2): 104–111. Hatamleh R (2006) Birth technology: Induction of birth and its impact on maternal, fetal, and neonatal mortality and morbidity in Northern Jordan. Unpublished thesis, University of Ulster, UK. Hatamleh R, Sinclair M, Kernohan G, et al. (2008) Technological childbirth in Jordan. Evidence Based Midwifery 6(4): 130–135. Higher Population Council (2008). [Maternal morbidity In Jordan]. Available at: http://www.hpc.org.jo/ (accessed 20 August 2009) Hodnett ED, Gates S, Hofmeyr GJ, et al. (2007) Continuous support for women during childbirth. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 2. Art. no.: CD003766. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003766.pub2. Khalaf I and Callister L (1997) Cultural meaning of childbirth: Muslim women in Jordan. Journal of Holistic Nursing 15(4): 373–388. Khresheh R, Homer C and Barclay L (2007) A comparison of labour and birth outcomes in Jordan with WHO guidelines: A descriptive study using a new birth record. Midwifery 25(6), e11–e18. King V (1989) Women and Spirituality. London: Macmillan. Lincoln YS and Guba EG (1985) Naturalistic Inquiry. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Oweis A and Abushaikha L (2004) Jordanian pregnant women’s expectations of their first childbirth experience. International Journal of Nursing Practice 10(6): 264–271. Patton M (1990) Qualitative evaluation and research methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Sandelowski M (1993) The problem with rigor in qualitative research. Advances in Nursing Science 8(3): 27–37. Sered SS (1991) Childbirth as a religious experience? Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 7(2): 7–18. Simkin P (1991) Just another day in a woman’s life? Women’s long-term perceptions of their first birth experience. Part 1. Birth 18(4): 203–210. Sinclair MK and Crozier K (2004) Medical device training in maternity care: Part 2. British Journal of Midwifery 12(8): 509–513. Sweidan M, Mahfoud Z and DeJong J (2008) Hospital policies and practices concerning normal childbirth in Jordan. Studies in Family Planning 39(1): 59–68. Taylor M (2002) Labour and spirituality. The Practising Midwife 5(11): 4. UNICEF (2008) Statistics. Available at: http:/www.unicef. org./infobycountry/jordan_statistics.html#72 (accessed 16 June 2009). Hatamleh et al. 243 Downloaded",
year = "2013",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1177/1744987112441911",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "235--244",
journal = "Journal of Research in Nursing",
issn = "1744-9871",
number = "3",

}

Birth memories of Jordanian women: findings from qualitative data. / Hatamleh, Reem; Sinclair, M.; KERNOHAN, WG; Bunting, Brendan.

In: Journal of Research in Nursing, Vol. 18, No. 3, 04.2013, p. 235-244.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Birth memories of Jordanian women: findings from qualitative data

AU - Hatamleh, Reem

AU - Sinclair, M.

AU - KERNOHAN, WG

AU - Bunting, Brendan

N1 - Reference text: Abushaikha L (2007) Method of coping with labour pain used by Jordanian women. International Journal of Nursing Practice 18(1): 35–40. Addustour Newspaper (2009) Average income in Jordan. Available at: http:// www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-198787893.html (accessed 20 August 2009). Amarin Z, Jaddou H, Khader Y, et al. (2009) Maternal mortality in Jordan. Unpublished study, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Jordan. Baker JP (2000) Prenatal Yoga and Natural Childbirth. Silver Anniversary ed., Monroe, UT: Freestone & North Atlantic Books. Burnard P (1991) A method of analysing interview transcripts in qualitative research. Nurse Education Today 11(6): 461–566. Creedy D, Shochet I and Horsfall J (2000) Childbirth and the development of acute trauma symptoms: Incidence and contributing factors. Birth 27(2): 104–111. Hatamleh R (2006) Birth technology: Induction of birth and its impact on maternal, fetal, and neonatal mortality and morbidity in Northern Jordan. Unpublished thesis, University of Ulster, UK. Hatamleh R, Sinclair M, Kernohan G, et al. (2008) Technological childbirth in Jordan. Evidence Based Midwifery 6(4): 130–135. Higher Population Council (2008). [Maternal morbidity In Jordan]. Available at: http://www.hpc.org.jo/ (accessed 20 August 2009) Hodnett ED, Gates S, Hofmeyr GJ, et al. (2007) Continuous support for women during childbirth. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 2. Art. no.: CD003766. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003766.pub2. Khalaf I and Callister L (1997) Cultural meaning of childbirth: Muslim women in Jordan. Journal of Holistic Nursing 15(4): 373–388. Khresheh R, Homer C and Barclay L (2007) A comparison of labour and birth outcomes in Jordan with WHO guidelines: A descriptive study using a new birth record. Midwifery 25(6), e11–e18. King V (1989) Women and Spirituality. London: Macmillan. Lincoln YS and Guba EG (1985) Naturalistic Inquiry. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Oweis A and Abushaikha L (2004) Jordanian pregnant women’s expectations of their first childbirth experience. International Journal of Nursing Practice 10(6): 264–271. Patton M (1990) Qualitative evaluation and research methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Sandelowski M (1993) The problem with rigor in qualitative research. Advances in Nursing Science 8(3): 27–37. Sered SS (1991) Childbirth as a religious experience? Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 7(2): 7–18. Simkin P (1991) Just another day in a woman’s life? Women’s long-term perceptions of their first birth experience. Part 1. Birth 18(4): 203–210. Sinclair MK and Crozier K (2004) Medical device training in maternity care: Part 2. British Journal of Midwifery 12(8): 509–513. Sweidan M, Mahfoud Z and DeJong J (2008) Hospital policies and practices concerning normal childbirth in Jordan. Studies in Family Planning 39(1): 59–68. Taylor M (2002) Labour and spirituality. The Practising Midwife 5(11): 4. UNICEF (2008) Statistics. Available at: http:/www.unicef. org./infobycountry/jordan_statistics.html#72 (accessed 16 June 2009). Hatamleh et al. 243 Downloaded

PY - 2013/4

Y1 - 2013/4

N2 - Background: Birth memories about their childbirth experience are powerful factors influencing women’s future fertility and exploring birth memories is important. Birth memories of women in Jordan have never been reported previously. Objective: To explore the childbirth memories of women in Jordan. Design: An exploratory descriptive study was conducted to collect quantitative and qualitative data on 160 first-time mothers giving birth in Northern Jordan’s Bade' a Hospital. Data were collected using three open-ended questions up to six weeks after the birth. Major themes emerging from the analysis were subject to manifest and latent content analysis to quantify qualitative data where appropriate. Results: All women were married and their age ranged from 17 to 37 years. About two-thirds (64.5%) had school education and 35.5% had graduate education. The majority (72.5%) were housewives. The major themes to emerge from the data were negative childbirth memories, women being processed, dehumanised birth, vivid recall, halo effect, the joy of becoming a mother and praise for the support of Allah. Conclusion: Findings provide evidence of the poor care that women receive during labour and birth. Women seem to be processed as objects to give birth in a technological manner. They are treated more like machines devoid of feeling than independent women requiring information, childbirth education or supportive ‘one to one’ care. Childbirth care was based on a medical model where the birth process is institutionalised, managed and controlled by the use of birth technology. There was no evidence of holistic care provided for women, and little consideration of their psychological, environmental or family relationships.

AB - Background: Birth memories about their childbirth experience are powerful factors influencing women’s future fertility and exploring birth memories is important. Birth memories of women in Jordan have never been reported previously. Objective: To explore the childbirth memories of women in Jordan. Design: An exploratory descriptive study was conducted to collect quantitative and qualitative data on 160 first-time mothers giving birth in Northern Jordan’s Bade' a Hospital. Data were collected using three open-ended questions up to six weeks after the birth. Major themes emerging from the analysis were subject to manifest and latent content analysis to quantify qualitative data where appropriate. Results: All women were married and their age ranged from 17 to 37 years. About two-thirds (64.5%) had school education and 35.5% had graduate education. The majority (72.5%) were housewives. The major themes to emerge from the data were negative childbirth memories, women being processed, dehumanised birth, vivid recall, halo effect, the joy of becoming a mother and praise for the support of Allah. Conclusion: Findings provide evidence of the poor care that women receive during labour and birth. Women seem to be processed as objects to give birth in a technological manner. They are treated more like machines devoid of feeling than independent women requiring information, childbirth education or supportive ‘one to one’ care. Childbirth care was based on a medical model where the birth process is institutionalised, managed and controlled by the use of birth technology. There was no evidence of holistic care provided for women, and little consideration of their psychological, environmental or family relationships.

KW - birth memories

KW - birth technology

KW - childbirth experience

KW - Jordan

KW - Middle East

KW - qualitative study

U2 - 10.1177/1744987112441911

DO - 10.1177/1744987112441911

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 235

EP - 244

JO - Journal of Research in Nursing

T2 - Journal of Research in Nursing

JF - Journal of Research in Nursing

SN - 1744-9871

IS - 3

ER -