The gut microbiota is composed of several microbial strains with diverse and variable compositions in both healthy and sick people. An undisturbed gut microbiota needs to be sustained in order to perform all physiological, metabolic, and immune functions in a normal way to prevent the development of diseases. This article has reviewed the published information on the issue of disruption of the balance of the gut microbiota. This disruption could be for many reasons, such as microbial infection in the gastrointestinal tract, food poisoning, diarrhoea, chemotherapy, malnutrition, lifestyle, and ageing. If this disruption is not restored to normal, it might cause dysbiosis. Eventually, a gut microbiota interrupted by dysbiosis might initiate several health issues, such as inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, the induction of cancer, and the progression of a variety of diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease. This review concluded that biotherapy is a natural way of using probiotic products, whether in form of food, beverages, or supplements, to restore the gut microbiota disrupted by dysbiosis. Metabolites secreted by the ingested probiotics help to relieve gastrointestinal tract inflammation and can avoid the induction of cancer.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||International Journal of Molecular Sciences|
|Early online date||17 Mar 2023|
|Publication status||Published online - 17 Mar 2023|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The writers of this review did not receive any grants from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
© 2023 by the authors.
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