Biosurfactants: The green generation of speciality chemicals and potential production using Solid-State fermentation (SSF) technology

Ibrahim Banat, Quentin Carboue, Gerardo Saucedo-Castaneda, Jose de Jesus Cazares-Marinero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Citations (Scopus)
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Surfactants are multipurpose products found in most sectors of contemporary industry. Their large-scale manufacturing has been mainly carried out using traditional chemical processes. Some of the chemical species involved in their production are considered hazardous and some industrial processes employing them categorised as “having potential negative impact on the environment”. Biological surfactants have therefore been generally accepted worldwide as suitable sustainable greener alternatives. Biosurfactants exhibit the same
functionalities of synthetic analogues while having the ability to synergize with other molecules improving performances; this strengthens the possibility of reaching different markets via innovative formulations. Recently, their use was suggested to help combat Covid-19. In this review, an analysis of recent bibliography is presented with descriptions, statistics, classifications, applications, advantages, and challenges; evincing the reasons why biosurfactants can be considered as the chemical specialities of the future. Finally, the uses of the solid-state fermentation as a production technology for biosurfactants is presented.
Original languageEnglish
Article number12422
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalBioresource Technology
Issue numberPart A
Early online date24 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 31 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank the National Council of Science and Technology of Mexico (CONACyT) and Polioles S.A. de C.V. for supporting the PEI innovation projects: 221262, 231833 and 250609. The Metropolitan Autonomous University is also thanked for the post-doctoral fellowship of QC.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd


  • Biosurfactants
  • Glycolipids
  • solid-state fermentation
  • Industraial applications
  • Speciality chemicals
  • Solid-state fermentation
  • Industrial applications


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