BIM Implementation Developments for Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) Organisations in the UK

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The UK Government using experiences gained from other countries are driving through changes in the construction industry to improve efficiencies, reduce waste and improve value for money, therefore improving economic performance of the construction sector through “lean construction principles”. BIM has been identified as one of the approaches which could achieve this goal. However, this will require substantial changes to the way the industry works and how AEC organisations interact with the client and their supply chain. The UK Government has mandated that Level 2 BIM be a requirement, as a minimum, by April 2016 on all major public projects, and Level 3 by 2020. The NBS (2013) Report outlined a worrying picture of a divided industry, including lack of investment in BIM technology and training by some business’s and inertia / ignorance by others. However, the NBS (2015) Report recorded a year-on-year growth in adoption, but this year, noted a pause in BIM adoption. As a result the report noted that there remain a significant number of practices who do not see the advantages of BIM, and so choose not to adopt, or who are currently unable to adopt BIM because of time, cost or expertise.This paper considered this issue of a ‘divided industry’ by examining the industry’s BIM maturity levels and reviewing the current BIM adoption strategies required to close this divide. The literature review and electronic questionnaire survey, identified significant barriers to BIM adoption particular to AEC organisations. Obstacles included a lack of understanding of the BIM process, issues pertaining to intellectual property and liability issues with sharing information, investment and training costs as well as the long term cultural changes required to commit to this new collaborative way of working. Crucially this paper presents the key drivers for BIM adoption which encompassing client leadership, organisational structural changes, process driven agenda, flexible and competitive training and education. The key findings of this research, demonstrate that fundamentally the adoption of BIM for AEC organisations is strategically commercially critical. Furthermore this research shows that BIM’s implementation within AEC organisations that can best facilitate a greater integration of BIM across the supply chain.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnknown Host Publication
Pages22-29
Volume1
Publication statusPublished - 12 Nov 2015

Fingerprint

Industry
Supply chains
Intellectual property
Construction industry
Costs
Education
Economics

Keywords

  • REFERENCES
  • 1) [1]Eastman
  • C.
  • Teicholz
  • P.
  • Sacks
  • R. and Liston
  • K.
  • 2011. BIM Handbook
  • a guide to building information modelling for Owners
  • Managers
  • Designers
  • Engineers
  • and Contractors”. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons
  • 2) Egan
  • J
  • Sir.
  • 1998. Rethinking construction. [pdf] Available online at: http://www.constructingexcellence.org.uk/pdf/rethinking%20construction/rethinking_construction_report.pdf
  • 3) Epstein
  • E.
  • 2012. “Implementing successful building information modelling”. Boston: Artech House.
  • 4) HMG
  • 2015 Digital Built Britain. (pdf) Available online at https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/410096/bis-15-155-digital-built-britain-level-3-strategy.pdf
  • 5) Latham
  • M
  • Sir
  • . 1994. Constructing the team. [pdf] Available online at: http://products.ihs.com/cis/Doc.aspx?DocNum=84343
  • 6) McGraw
  • Hill.
  • Smart Market.
  • 2012. The Business Value of BIM in North America
  • [pdf]
  • 7) NBS
  • National Building Specification.
  • 2012. National BIM Report. [pdf] Available online at: http://www.thenbs.com/pdfs/NBS-NationalBIMReport12.pdf
  • 8) NBS
  • 2015. National BIM Report. [pdf] Available online at: https://www.thenbs.com/pdfs/NBS-NationlBIMReport2015-single.pdf
  • 9) NBS
  • 2013. National BIM Report. [pdf] Available online at: https://www.thenbs.com/pdfs/NBS-NationlBIMReport2013-single.pdf
  • 10) RICS
  • 2011
  • Building Information Modelling Survey Report. [pdf] Available online at: http://www.rics.org/uk/knowledge/bcis/about-bcis/forms-and-documents/bim-downloads
  • 11) Race
  • S.
  • 2012. “BIM Demystified”. RIBA Publishing.
  • 12) Smith
  • D
  • K and Tardif
  • M.
  • 2009. “Building Information Modelling
  • A strategic Implementation Guide”. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons
  • 13) UK Government
  • Cabinet Office.
  • 2011. Government Construction Strategy
  • [pdf] Available online at: http://www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/resource-library/government-construction-strategy

Cite this

@inproceedings{8d2e7addcfaf4ceb901396117165f943,
title = "BIM Implementation Developments for Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) Organisations in the UK",
abstract = "The UK Government using experiences gained from other countries are driving through changes in the construction industry to improve efficiencies, reduce waste and improve value for money, therefore improving economic performance of the construction sector through “lean construction principles”. BIM has been identified as one of the approaches which could achieve this goal. However, this will require substantial changes to the way the industry works and how AEC organisations interact with the client and their supply chain. The UK Government has mandated that Level 2 BIM be a requirement, as a minimum, by April 2016 on all major public projects, and Level 3 by 2020. The NBS (2013) Report outlined a worrying picture of a divided industry, including lack of investment in BIM technology and training by some business’s and inertia / ignorance by others. However, the NBS (2015) Report recorded a year-on-year growth in adoption, but this year, noted a pause in BIM adoption. As a result the report noted that there remain a significant number of practices who do not see the advantages of BIM, and so choose not to adopt, or who are currently unable to adopt BIM because of time, cost or expertise.This paper considered this issue of a ‘divided industry’ by examining the industry’s BIM maturity levels and reviewing the current BIM adoption strategies required to close this divide. The literature review and electronic questionnaire survey, identified significant barriers to BIM adoption particular to AEC organisations. Obstacles included a lack of understanding of the BIM process, issues pertaining to intellectual property and liability issues with sharing information, investment and training costs as well as the long term cultural changes required to commit to this new collaborative way of working. Crucially this paper presents the key drivers for BIM adoption which encompassing client leadership, organisational structural changes, process driven agenda, flexible and competitive training and education. The key findings of this research, demonstrate that fundamentally the adoption of BIM for AEC organisations is strategically commercially critical. Furthermore this research shows that BIM’s implementation within AEC organisations that can best facilitate a greater integration of BIM across the supply chain.",
keywords = "REFERENCES, 1) [1]Eastman, C., Teicholz, P., Sacks, R. and Liston, K., 2011. BIM Handbook, a guide to building information modelling for Owners, Managers, Designers, Engineers, and Contractors”. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2) Egan, J, Sir., 1998. Rethinking construction. [pdf] Available online at: http://www.constructingexcellence.org.uk/pdf/rethinking{\%}20construction/rethinking_construction_report.pdf, 3) Epstein, E., 2012. “Implementing successful building information modelling”. Boston: Artech House., 4) HMG, 2015 Digital Built Britain. (pdf) Available online at https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/410096/bis-15-155-digital-built-britain-level-3-strategy.pdf, 5) Latham, M, Sir, . 1994. Constructing the team. [pdf] Available online at: http://products.ihs.com/cis/Doc.aspx?DocNum=84343, 6) McGraw, Hill., Smart Market., 2012. The Business Value of BIM in North America, [pdf], 7) NBS, National Building Specification., 2012. National BIM Report. [pdf] Available online at: http://www.thenbs.com/pdfs/NBS-NationalBIMReport12.pdf, 8) NBS, 2015. National BIM Report. [pdf] Available online at: https://www.thenbs.com/pdfs/NBS-NationlBIMReport2015-single.pdf, 9) NBS, 2013. National BIM Report. [pdf] Available online at: https://www.thenbs.com/pdfs/NBS-NationlBIMReport2013-single.pdf, 10) RICS, 2011, Building Information Modelling Survey Report. [pdf] Available online at: http://www.rics.org/uk/knowledge/bcis/about-bcis/forms-and-documents/bim-downloads, 11) Race, S., 2012. “BIM Demystified”. RIBA Publishing., 12) Smith, D, K and Tardif, M., 2009. “Building Information Modelling, A strategic Implementation Guide”. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 13) UK Government, Cabinet Office., 2011. Government Construction Strategy, [pdf] Available online at: http://www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/resource-library/government-construction-strategy",
author = "Gervase Cunningham and Sharon McClements and Mark McKane",
year = "2015",
month = "11",
day = "12",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "22--29",
booktitle = "Unknown Host Publication",

}

BIM Implementation Developments for Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) Organisations in the UK. / Cunningham, Gervase; McClements, Sharon; McKane, Mark.

Unknown Host Publication. Vol. 1 2015. p. 22-29.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - BIM Implementation Developments for Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) Organisations in the UK

AU - Cunningham, Gervase

AU - McClements, Sharon

AU - McKane, Mark

PY - 2015/11/12

Y1 - 2015/11/12

N2 - The UK Government using experiences gained from other countries are driving through changes in the construction industry to improve efficiencies, reduce waste and improve value for money, therefore improving economic performance of the construction sector through “lean construction principles”. BIM has been identified as one of the approaches which could achieve this goal. However, this will require substantial changes to the way the industry works and how AEC organisations interact with the client and their supply chain. The UK Government has mandated that Level 2 BIM be a requirement, as a minimum, by April 2016 on all major public projects, and Level 3 by 2020. The NBS (2013) Report outlined a worrying picture of a divided industry, including lack of investment in BIM technology and training by some business’s and inertia / ignorance by others. However, the NBS (2015) Report recorded a year-on-year growth in adoption, but this year, noted a pause in BIM adoption. As a result the report noted that there remain a significant number of practices who do not see the advantages of BIM, and so choose not to adopt, or who are currently unable to adopt BIM because of time, cost or expertise.This paper considered this issue of a ‘divided industry’ by examining the industry’s BIM maturity levels and reviewing the current BIM adoption strategies required to close this divide. The literature review and electronic questionnaire survey, identified significant barriers to BIM adoption particular to AEC organisations. Obstacles included a lack of understanding of the BIM process, issues pertaining to intellectual property and liability issues with sharing information, investment and training costs as well as the long term cultural changes required to commit to this new collaborative way of working. Crucially this paper presents the key drivers for BIM adoption which encompassing client leadership, organisational structural changes, process driven agenda, flexible and competitive training and education. The key findings of this research, demonstrate that fundamentally the adoption of BIM for AEC organisations is strategically commercially critical. Furthermore this research shows that BIM’s implementation within AEC organisations that can best facilitate a greater integration of BIM across the supply chain.

AB - The UK Government using experiences gained from other countries are driving through changes in the construction industry to improve efficiencies, reduce waste and improve value for money, therefore improving economic performance of the construction sector through “lean construction principles”. BIM has been identified as one of the approaches which could achieve this goal. However, this will require substantial changes to the way the industry works and how AEC organisations interact with the client and their supply chain. The UK Government has mandated that Level 2 BIM be a requirement, as a minimum, by April 2016 on all major public projects, and Level 3 by 2020. The NBS (2013) Report outlined a worrying picture of a divided industry, including lack of investment in BIM technology and training by some business’s and inertia / ignorance by others. However, the NBS (2015) Report recorded a year-on-year growth in adoption, but this year, noted a pause in BIM adoption. As a result the report noted that there remain a significant number of practices who do not see the advantages of BIM, and so choose not to adopt, or who are currently unable to adopt BIM because of time, cost or expertise.This paper considered this issue of a ‘divided industry’ by examining the industry’s BIM maturity levels and reviewing the current BIM adoption strategies required to close this divide. The literature review and electronic questionnaire survey, identified significant barriers to BIM adoption particular to AEC organisations. Obstacles included a lack of understanding of the BIM process, issues pertaining to intellectual property and liability issues with sharing information, investment and training costs as well as the long term cultural changes required to commit to this new collaborative way of working. Crucially this paper presents the key drivers for BIM adoption which encompassing client leadership, organisational structural changes, process driven agenda, flexible and competitive training and education. The key findings of this research, demonstrate that fundamentally the adoption of BIM for AEC organisations is strategically commercially critical. Furthermore this research shows that BIM’s implementation within AEC organisations that can best facilitate a greater integration of BIM across the supply chain.

KW - REFERENCES

KW - 1) [1]Eastman

KW - C.

KW - Teicholz

KW - P.

KW - Sacks

KW - R. and Liston

KW - K.

KW - 2011. BIM Handbook

KW - a guide to building information modelling for Owners

KW - Managers

KW - Designers

KW - Engineers

KW - and Contractors”. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons

KW - 2) Egan

KW - J

KW - Sir.

KW - 1998. Rethinking construction. [pdf] Available online at: http://www.constructingexcellence.org.uk/pdf/rethinking%20construction/rethinking_construction_report.pdf

KW - 3) Epstein

KW - E.

KW - 2012. “Implementing successful building information modelling”. Boston: Artech House.

KW - 4) HMG

KW - 2015 Digital Built Britain. (pdf) Available online at https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/410096/bis-15-155-digital-built-britain-level-3-strategy.pdf

KW - 5) Latham

KW - M

KW - Sir

KW - . 1994. Constructing the team. [pdf] Available online at: http://products.ihs.com/cis/Doc.aspx?DocNum=84343

KW - 6) McGraw

KW - Hill.

KW - Smart Market.

KW - 2012. The Business Value of BIM in North America

KW - [pdf]

KW - 7) NBS

KW - National Building Specification.

KW - 2012. National BIM Report. [pdf] Available online at: http://www.thenbs.com/pdfs/NBS-NationalBIMReport12.pdf

KW - 8) NBS

KW - 2015. National BIM Report. [pdf] Available online at: https://www.thenbs.com/pdfs/NBS-NationlBIMReport2015-single.pdf

KW - 9) NBS

KW - 2013. National BIM Report. [pdf] Available online at: https://www.thenbs.com/pdfs/NBS-NationlBIMReport2013-single.pdf

KW - 10) RICS

KW - 2011

KW - Building Information Modelling Survey Report. [pdf] Available online at: http://www.rics.org/uk/knowledge/bcis/about-bcis/forms-and-documents/bim-downloads

KW - 11) Race

KW - S.

KW - 2012. “BIM Demystified”. RIBA Publishing.

KW - 12) Smith

KW - D

KW - K and Tardif

KW - M.

KW - 2009. “Building Information Modelling

KW - A strategic Implementation Guide”. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons

KW - 13) UK Government

KW - Cabinet Office.

KW - 2011. Government Construction Strategy

KW - [pdf] Available online at: http://www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/resource-library/government-construction-strategy

M3 - Conference contribution

VL - 1

SP - 22

EP - 29

BT - Unknown Host Publication

ER -