Objective The community setting is crucial to improving health equity. To enable the implementation of need-based and target-oriented measures, it is important to understand the challenges and needs of communities. This is highly relevant for deprived communities that have offered hardly any health promotion programs for socially disadvantaged people. The main research question of this study is: How do deprived communities perceive the need for action and support in connection with the implementation of disease prevention and health promotion measures focused on socially disadvantaged people? Methods A qualitative, exploratory analysis through semi-structured interviews with experts (n=10) was conducted in five deprived communities in Bavaria. The degree of deprivation was represented by the Bavarian Index of Multiple Deprivation (BIMD, 2010), which shows the extent of lack of resources at the community level. Qualitative analysis of the interviews followed the theoretical framework of qualitative content analysis according to Kuckartz. Results Themes arising from the interviews were (1) groups perceived to be in need of support, (2) disease prevention and health promotion assets, and (3) need for action regarding prevention and health promotion. Target groups in need of support were identified in the analyzed communities. Furthermore, it became apparent that in deprived communities there were scarcely resources and structures to address disease prevention and health promotion. Conclusion This study shows that deprived communities need support to implement need-based and target-oriented prevention and health promotion measures for socially disadvantaged people. However, those communities have limited capacities, and thus should be supported (e. g., through networking).
|Translated title of the contribution||Readiness for Implementation of Prevention and Health Promotion Measures for People in Difficult Living Situations in Deprived Municipalities in Bavaria: A Qualitative Analysis: A Qualitative Analysis|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published (in print/issue) - 26 May 2023|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2023. The Author(s).
- health equity
- health promotion
- disease prevention
- socially disadvantaged people
- setting community
- Disease Prevention
- Health Promotion
- Socially Disadvantaged People
- Health Equity
- Setting Community