Benchmark exercise on risk assessment methods applied to a virtual hydrogen refuelling station

Koos Ham, Alessia Marangon, Prankul Middha, Nico Versloot, Nils Rosmuller, Marco Carcassi, Olav Roald Hansen, Martino Schiavetti, Efi Papanikolaou, Alexandros Venetsanos, Engebø Angunn, Saw Ju Lynne, Jean-Bernard Saffers, Flores Alain, Serbanescu Dan

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    34 Citations (Scopus)


    A benchmarking exercise on quantitative risk assessment (QRA) methodologies forhydrogen safety has been conducted within the project HyQRA, under the framework ofthe European Network of Excellence (NoE), HySafe. The aim of the exercise was twofold: (i)to identify the differences and similarities in approaches in a QRA and their results fora hydrogen installation and (ii) to identify knowledge gaps in the various steps andparameters underlying the risk quantification of hydrogen safety.First, a reference case was defined for the benchmark: a virtual hydrogen refuelling station(HRS) in virtual surroundings comprising housing, school, shops and other vulnerableobjects. For the study, a two phase approach was followed.In phase 1, all nine partners were requested to conduct a QRA according to their usualapproach and experience. Basically, participants were free to define representative releasecases, to apply models and frequency assessments according their own methodology, andto present risk according to their usual format. To enable inter-comparison, a required setof results data was prescribed, like distances to specific thermal radiation levels from firesand distances to specific overpressure levels. Moreover, complete documentation ofassumptions, base data and references was to be reported.It was not surprising that a wide range of results was obtained, both in the appliedapproaches as well as in the quantitative outcomes and conclusions. This made it difficult to identify exactly which assumptions and parameters were responsible for the differencesin results.These results provided the basis for a more guided QRA, the second phase. This phase 2was defined in which the QRA was determined by a more limited number of release cases(scenarios). The partners in the project agreed to assess specific scenarios in order toidentify the differences in consequence assessment approaches. The results of this phaseprovide a better understanding of the influence of modelling assumptions and limitationson the eventual conclusions with regard to risk to on-site people and to the off-site public.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2666-2677
    JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 2011


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