Barriers and Facilitators to Smoking Cessation Among People With Severe Mental Illness: A Critical Appraisal of Qualitative Studies

Katie Trainor, Gerard Leavey

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    20 Citations (Scopus)
    109 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND:
    People with severe mental illness (PWSMI) die 15-20 years earlier than people in the general population and this is often due to preventable smoking-related health conditions. Studies that identify barriers and facilitators to smoking cessation are crucial for policy makers and health care professionals.

    AIMS:
    This appraisal aims to identify and critically appraise qualitative studies which explore smoking experiences and barriers to smoking cessation among PWSMI.

    METHOD:
    Articles were retrieved from electronic health related databases including Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed, Sage, Biomed, Medline, Embase, and electronic hand searches of bibliographies from key articles.

    RESULTS:
    Eleven papers were identified. Although the overall quality of studies were sufficient, most had limited information relating to trustworthiness and sociodemographic details. Cost savings and health benefits were frequently cited as facilitators to quitting, however may be of limited impact as smoking for existential purposes, social inclusion, and mental health management appear to be considered highly important among PWSMI.

    CONCLUSIONS:
    Findings were restricted to predominantly individual barriers to smoking cessation which may be more resistant to change as service users rely on smoking to manage their mental health and smoking is embedded in the culture of mental health settings.

    IMPLICATIONS:
    This critical appraisal identifies qualitative evidence regarding which factors facilitate or prevent individuals with severe mental illness from engaging with smoking cessation. Healthcare professionals and policy makers should address external barriers to quitting smoking as this may increase participation in intervention studies, inform policy and assist in the development of a feasible and acceptable smoking cessation intervention among PWSMI. Methodological considerations highlight that future research should include sociodemographic and contextual factors to improve utility and applicability of findings.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)14–23
    Number of pages10
    JournalNicotine & Tobacco Research
    Volume19
    Issue number1
    Early online date20 Jul 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

    Keywords

    • Barriers and Facilitators to Smoking Cessation Among People With Severe Mental Illness: A Critical Appraisal of Qualitative Studies

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    Gerard Leavey

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