Baile: settlement and landholding in medieval Ireland

Gregory Toner

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper examines the use of the term 'baile' in Irish sources since the twelfth century. It is shown that the core meaning of the word is 'occupied space', whether by a habitation site (farmstead, village, town, etc.) or agricultural land (farm, townland, ballybetagh). The baile existed simultaneously at these different levels as part of a wider system of landholding, evaluation and taxation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)25-43
    JournalÉigse: A Journal of Irish Studies
    Publication statusPublished - 2004



    • baile
    • baile biataig
    • ballybetagh
    • townland
    • landholding
    • medieval Ireland

    Cite this