Auditory false perceptions are mediated by psychosis risk factors.

Emma Barkus, Richard Smallman, Natalie Royle, Chris Barkus, Shon Lewis, T Rushe

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Introduction. Auditory hallucinations exist in psychotic disorders as well as the general population. Proneness to hallucinations, as measured by positive schizotypy, predicts false perceptions during an auditory signal detection task (Barkus, Stirling, Hopkins, McKie, & Lewis, 2007). Our aim was to replicate this result and extend it by examining effects of age and sex, both important demographic predictors of psychosis. Method. A sample of 76 healthy volunteers split into 15-17 years (n=46) and 19 years plus (n=30) underwent a signal detection task designed to detect propensity towards false perceptions under ambiguous auditory conditions. Scores on the Unusual Experiences subscale (UE) of the O-LIFE schizotypy scale, IQ, and a measure of working memory were also assessed. Results. We replicated our initial finding (Barkus et al., 2007): High scores on positive schizotypy were associated with false perceptions. Younger participants who scored highly on positive schizotypy reported significantly more false perceptions compared to other groups (p=.04). Older participants who had had an imaginary friend reported more false perceptions during the signal detection task (p<.01). Conclusions. Younger participants seem most vulnerable to the effects of positive schizotypal traits in terms of a signal detection deficit that underlies auditory hallucinations. Schizotypy may have greatest impact closer to the risk period for development of psychotic disorders.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages1-14
    JournalCognitive Neuropsychiatry
    VolumeEpub
    Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2010

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    Auditory Perception
    Psychotic Disorders
    Hallucinations
    Short-Term Memory
    Healthy Volunteers
    Demography
    Psychological Signal Detection
    Population

    Cite this

    Barkus, E., Smallman, R., Royle, N., Barkus, C., Lewis, S., & Rushe, T. (2010). Auditory false perceptions are mediated by psychosis risk factors. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Epub, 1-14.
    Barkus, Emma ; Smallman, Richard ; Royle, Natalie ; Barkus, Chris ; Lewis, Shon ; Rushe, T. / Auditory false perceptions are mediated by psychosis risk factors. In: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry. 2010 ; Vol. Epub. pp. 1-14.
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    abstract = "Introduction. Auditory hallucinations exist in psychotic disorders as well as the general population. Proneness to hallucinations, as measured by positive schizotypy, predicts false perceptions during an auditory signal detection task (Barkus, Stirling, Hopkins, McKie, & Lewis, 2007). Our aim was to replicate this result and extend it by examining effects of age and sex, both important demographic predictors of psychosis. Method. A sample of 76 healthy volunteers split into 15-17 years (n=46) and 19 years plus (n=30) underwent a signal detection task designed to detect propensity towards false perceptions under ambiguous auditory conditions. Scores on the Unusual Experiences subscale (UE) of the O-LIFE schizotypy scale, IQ, and a measure of working memory were also assessed. Results. We replicated our initial finding (Barkus et al., 2007): High scores on positive schizotypy were associated with false perceptions. Younger participants who scored highly on positive schizotypy reported significantly more false perceptions compared to other groups (p=.04). Older participants who had had an imaginary friend reported more false perceptions during the signal detection task (p<.01). Conclusions. Younger participants seem most vulnerable to the effects of positive schizotypal traits in terms of a signal detection deficit that underlies auditory hallucinations. Schizotypy may have greatest impact closer to the risk period for development of psychotic disorders.",
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    Barkus, E, Smallman, R, Royle, N, Barkus, C, Lewis, S & Rushe, T 2010, 'Auditory false perceptions are mediated by psychosis risk factors.', Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, vol. Epub, pp. 1-14.

    Auditory false perceptions are mediated by psychosis risk factors. / Barkus, Emma; Smallman, Richard; Royle, Natalie; Barkus, Chris; Lewis, Shon; Rushe, T.

    In: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Vol. Epub, 25.11.2010, p. 1-14.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Royle, Natalie

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    AU - Lewis, Shon

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    N2 - Introduction. Auditory hallucinations exist in psychotic disorders as well as the general population. Proneness to hallucinations, as measured by positive schizotypy, predicts false perceptions during an auditory signal detection task (Barkus, Stirling, Hopkins, McKie, & Lewis, 2007). Our aim was to replicate this result and extend it by examining effects of age and sex, both important demographic predictors of psychosis. Method. A sample of 76 healthy volunteers split into 15-17 years (n=46) and 19 years plus (n=30) underwent a signal detection task designed to detect propensity towards false perceptions under ambiguous auditory conditions. Scores on the Unusual Experiences subscale (UE) of the O-LIFE schizotypy scale, IQ, and a measure of working memory were also assessed. Results. We replicated our initial finding (Barkus et al., 2007): High scores on positive schizotypy were associated with false perceptions. Younger participants who scored highly on positive schizotypy reported significantly more false perceptions compared to other groups (p=.04). Older participants who had had an imaginary friend reported more false perceptions during the signal detection task (p<.01). Conclusions. Younger participants seem most vulnerable to the effects of positive schizotypal traits in terms of a signal detection deficit that underlies auditory hallucinations. Schizotypy may have greatest impact closer to the risk period for development of psychotic disorders.

    AB - Introduction. Auditory hallucinations exist in psychotic disorders as well as the general population. Proneness to hallucinations, as measured by positive schizotypy, predicts false perceptions during an auditory signal detection task (Barkus, Stirling, Hopkins, McKie, & Lewis, 2007). Our aim was to replicate this result and extend it by examining effects of age and sex, both important demographic predictors of psychosis. Method. A sample of 76 healthy volunteers split into 15-17 years (n=46) and 19 years plus (n=30) underwent a signal detection task designed to detect propensity towards false perceptions under ambiguous auditory conditions. Scores on the Unusual Experiences subscale (UE) of the O-LIFE schizotypy scale, IQ, and a measure of working memory were also assessed. Results. We replicated our initial finding (Barkus et al., 2007): High scores on positive schizotypy were associated with false perceptions. Younger participants who scored highly on positive schizotypy reported significantly more false perceptions compared to other groups (p=.04). Older participants who had had an imaginary friend reported more false perceptions during the signal detection task (p<.01). Conclusions. Younger participants seem most vulnerable to the effects of positive schizotypal traits in terms of a signal detection deficit that underlies auditory hallucinations. Schizotypy may have greatest impact closer to the risk period for development of psychotic disorders.

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    Barkus E, Smallman R, Royle N, Barkus C, Lewis S, Rushe T. Auditory false perceptions are mediated by psychosis risk factors. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry. 2010 Nov 25;Epub:1-14.