Attachment State of Mind and Trauma in Mother and Baby Home Adoptees

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Abstract

This study two has two aims: to explore the experiences and impact of adoption amongst five adults (three males and two females, all over the age of 55) adopted from mother and baby homes in the UK and Ireland and to establish each participant’s state of mind (SOM) with regards to attachment, using the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) (George, Main and Kaplan,1985-1996). It makes use of all information gained by the AAI by analysing the interview transcripts in two ways: (i) by using the AAI scoring system (Main, Goldwyn and Hesse, 2003) to assess SOM, and (ii) thematic analysis of the transcripts to produce an inductive set of themes. It was found that all participants had an insecure SOM with regards to attachment. For four out of the five participants, these were unresolved/disorganised, and the category 'preoccupied' was the most prevalent underlying three-way classification. Qualitative analysis of transcripts identified four overarching themes: (i) identity and belonging; (ii) trauma; (iii) ‘silenced’ coping and (iv) adverse parenting which reflected their experiences of adoption. The findings indicate that the participants were highly susceptible to trauma associated with loss. They also highlight the importance of suitable adoption placements and vetting of potential adopters. The clinical and research implications of the results and their contribution to the broader discussion of trauma related to adoption are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-87
Number of pages15
JournalAdoption & Fostering Journal
Volume46
Issue number1
Early online date31 Mar 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank our participants for making this research possible.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.

Keywords

  • Adult Attachment Interview
  • AAI
  • state of mind
  • attachment
  • attachment theory
  • trauma
  • mother and baby homes
  • adoptees
  • adoption
  • survivors
  • attachment trauma
  • adoption trauma
  • Law
  • Health (social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Psychology

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