Assessing DSM-5 latent subtypes of acute stress disorder dissociative or intrusive?

Cherie Armour, Maj Hansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) was first included in the DSM-IV in 1994. It was proposed to account for traumatic responding in the early post trauma phase and to act as an identifier for later Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Unlike PTSD it included a number of dissociative indicators. The revised DSM-5 PTSD criterion included a dissociative-PTSD subtype. The current study assessed if a dissociative-ASD subtype may be present for DSM-5 ASD. Moreover, we assessed if a number of risk factors resulted in an increased probability of membership in symptomatic compared to a baseline ASD profile. We used data from 450 bank robbery victims. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was used to uncover latent profiles of ASD. Multinomial logistic regression was used to determine if female gender, age, social support, peritraumatic panic, somatization, and number of trauma exposures increased or decreased the probability of profile membership. Four latent profiles were uncovered and included an intrusion rather than dissociative subtype. Increased age and social support decreased the probability of individuals being grouped into the intrusion subtype whereas increased peritraumatic panic and somatization increased the probability of individuals being grouped into the intrusion subtype. Findings are discussed in regard to the ICD-11 and the DSM-5.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)476-483
JournalPsychiatry research
Volume225
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • ASD subtypes
  • Dissociative ASD
  • Intrusive ASD
  • Latent profile analysis
  • Risk factors

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