Aquatic subterranean Crustacea in Ireland: results and new records from a pilot study

Joerg Arnscheidt, Hans-Juergen Hahn, Andreas Fuchs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A total of 106 sites were sampled for subterranean aquatic Crustacea, basic water chemistry parameters and sediment characteristics as part of a pilot study for an all-Ireland survey of hypogean biodiversity. Samples were collected between November 2005 and August 2006. Sites were selected with a view to cover most of Ireland's geographical regions, geological formations and aquifer types. Sampling sites comprised 55 monitoring boreholes, 43 wells (excavated / dug from the surface historically), 5 springs and 3 wells with current groundwater abstraction for drinking water. Aquatic Crustacea were retrieved from 57% of all sites and included the first records of the following taxa for Ireland: Cavernocypris subterraneana, Fabaeformiscandona breuili and Fabaeformiscandona wegelini (Ostracoda), Speocyclops cf demetiensis (Cyclopoida) and Microniphargus leruthi (Amphipoda). These records suggest that the biodiversity of Ireland's freshwater fauna might have been significantly underestimated due to a historical lack of biological research on subterranean ecosystems. The results raise important questions regarding the biogeography of Ireland and the potential survival of subterranean fauna during periods of glaciation within hypogean refugia.
LanguageEnglish
Pages53-58
JournalCave and Karst Science
Volume35
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Fingerprint

new record
biodiversity
fauna
groundwater abstraction
well
geographical region
refugium
biogeography
water chemistry
glaciation
borehole
drinking water
aquifer
ecosystem
sampling
monitoring
sediment
parameter

Keywords

  • Groundwater
  • subterranean
  • crustaceans
  • Crustacea
  • aquatic
  • ecology
  • biogeography
  • Ireland
  • Microniphargus leruthi
  • Cavernocypris subterraneana
  • Fabaeformiscandona breuili
  • Fabaeformiscandona wegelini
  • Speocyclops demetiensis

Cite this

Arnscheidt, Joerg ; Hahn, Hans-Juergen ; Fuchs, Andreas. / Aquatic subterranean Crustacea in Ireland: results and new records from a pilot study. In: Cave and Karst Science. 2008 ; Vol. 35, No. 1. pp. 53-58.
@article{1e564bc2f26a47a5853075b18f24b4da,
title = "Aquatic subterranean Crustacea in Ireland: results and new records from a pilot study",
abstract = "A total of 106 sites were sampled for subterranean aquatic Crustacea, basic water chemistry parameters and sediment characteristics as part of a pilot study for an all-Ireland survey of hypogean biodiversity. Samples were collected between November 2005 and August 2006. Sites were selected with a view to cover most of Ireland's geographical regions, geological formations and aquifer types. Sampling sites comprised 55 monitoring boreholes, 43 wells (excavated / dug from the surface historically), 5 springs and 3 wells with current groundwater abstraction for drinking water. Aquatic Crustacea were retrieved from 57{\%} of all sites and included the first records of the following taxa for Ireland: Cavernocypris subterraneana, Fabaeformiscandona breuili and Fabaeformiscandona wegelini (Ostracoda), Speocyclops cf demetiensis (Cyclopoida) and Microniphargus leruthi (Amphipoda). These records suggest that the biodiversity of Ireland's freshwater fauna might have been significantly underestimated due to a historical lack of biological research on subterranean ecosystems. The results raise important questions regarding the biogeography of Ireland and the potential survival of subterranean fauna during periods of glaciation within hypogean refugia.",
keywords = "Groundwater, subterranean, crustaceans, Crustacea, aquatic, ecology, biogeography, Ireland, Microniphargus leruthi, Cavernocypris subterraneana, Fabaeformiscandona breuili, Fabaeformiscandona wegelini, Speocyclops demetiensis",
author = "Joerg Arnscheidt and Hans-Juergen Hahn and Andreas Fuchs",
note = "Reference text: Boulton, A J, Fenwick, G D, Hancock, P J and Harvey, M S. 2008. Biodiversity, functional roles and ecosystem services of groundwater invertebrates. Invertebrate Systematics, Vol.22, 103–116. Burton, S M, Rundle, S D and Jones, M B. 2001. The relationship between trace metal contamination and stream meiofauna, Environmental Pollution, Vol.111, 159–167. Costello, M. 1993. Biogeography of alien amphipods occurring in Ireland, and interactions with native species, Crustaceana, Vol.65(3), 287–299. Cvetkov L. 1968. Un filet phr{\'e}atobiologique. Bulletin de l’Institut de Zoologie et Muse´e, Acade´mie Bulgare des Sciences, Vol.27, 215–218. Douglas, D J and McCall, G. 1992. The freshwater ostracoda of Ireland, Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society, Vol.15, 91–109. Fuchs, A. 2007. Erhebung und Beschreibung der Grundwasserfauna in Baden-W{\"u}rttemberg. PhD thesis, University of Koblenz-Landau, Germany, 109pp. Fryer, G. 1993. The freshwater Crustacea of Yorkshire. a faunistic and ecological survey. [Yorkshire Naturalists’ Union and Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society. Leeds, Titus Wilson and Son, Kendal, Cumbria.] Galassi, D P. 2001. Groundwater copepods: diversity patterns over ecological and evolutionary scales. Hydrobiologia, Vol.453/454, 227–253. Giller, P S, O’Connor, P and Kelly-Quinn, M. 1998. Freshwater Invertebrates. 125–157 in Giller, P S (Ed.), Studies in Irish Limnology. [Dublin: The Marine Institute.] Hahn, H J and Fuchs, A. 2009. Distribution patterns of groundwater communities across aquifer types in south-western Germany. Freshwater Biology, Vol.54, 848–860. Hessen, D and Stene, F. 1991. First Scandinavian record of the genus Speocyclops (Copepoda). Journal of Crustacean Biology, Vol.11(1), 162 –165. Hoffmann, J. 1963. Faune des Amphipodes du Grand-Duch{\'e} de Luxembourg. Archives de l'Institut Grand Ducal de Luxembourg, Section des Sciences, N.S. 29, 77–128. Karaman, G S, Gledhill, T and Holmes, M. 1994. A new subterranean amphipod (Crustacea: Gammaridea: Niphargidae) from southern Ireland, with comments on its taxonomic position and the validity of the genus Niphargellus Schellenberg. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol.112, 309–320. Knight, L and Penk, M. [submitted]. Groundwater Crustacea of Ireland: A survey of the stygobitic Malacostraca in caves and springs, Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy. Kristj{\'a}nsson, B K and Svavarsson, J. 2007. Subglacial refugia in Iceland enabled groundwater amphipods to survive glaciations. American Naturalist, Vol.170, 292–296. Madden, K. 2008. Groundwater supply – the local authority experience. 1-11 – 1-14 in: Proceedings of the IAH (Irish Group) 28th Annual Groundwater Conference, 22–23 April 2008 in Tullamore, Co. Offaly. Met {\'E}ireann, 2006. The Weather of Summer 2006 (June, July and August summary), www.met.ie/climate/monthlysummarys/summer06.pdf (date accessed 08.04.2009). McCabe, M. 2008. Glacial Geology and Geomorphology: The landscapes of Ireland. Edinburgh: Dunedin Academic Press.] 274pp. Proudlove, G S, Wood, P J, Harding, P T, Horne, D J, Gledhill, T and Knight, L R F D. 2003. A review of the status and distribution of the subterranean aquatic Crustacea of Britain and Ireland. Cave and Karst Science, Vol.30(2), 53–74. Reynolds, J D, Duigan, C, Marnell, F and O’Connor, A. 1998. Extreme and ephemeral water bodies in Ireland. 67–99 in Giller, P S (Ed.) Studies in Irish Limnology. [Dublin: The Marine Institute.] Rundle, S D and Ramsay, P M 1997. Microcrustacean communities in streams from two physiographically contrasting regions of Britain, Journal of Biogeography, Vol.24, 101–111. Schellenberg, A. 1934. Eine neue Amphipodengattung aus einer belgischen H{\"o}hle, nebst Bemerkungen {\"u}ber die Gattung Crangonyx, Zoologischer Anzeiger, Vol.106, 215–218. Schminke, H K and Gad, G (eds). 2007. Grundwasserfauna Deutschlands: Ein Bestimmungswerk. [Hennef: DWA.] 628pp. Sket, B. 1999. The nature of biodiversity in hypogean waters and how it is endangered. Biodiversity and Conservation, Vol.8, 1319–1338. Sket, B. 2008. Can we agree on an ecological classification of subterranean animals? Journal of Natural History, Vol.42, 1549–1563. Spangenberg, H-J. 1973. Faunistisch-{\"o}kologische Untersuchungen an Gew{\"a}ssern von Gipsh{\"o}hlen und im Grundwasser des S{\"u}dharzes und Kyffh{\"a}users, Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie, Vol.58 (4), 501–542.",
year = "2008",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "53--58",
journal = "Cave and Karst Science",
issn = "1356-191X",
number = "1",

}

Aquatic subterranean Crustacea in Ireland: results and new records from a pilot study. / Arnscheidt, Joerg; Hahn, Hans-Juergen; Fuchs, Andreas.

In: Cave and Karst Science, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2008, p. 53-58.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Aquatic subterranean Crustacea in Ireland: results and new records from a pilot study

AU - Arnscheidt, Joerg

AU - Hahn, Hans-Juergen

AU - Fuchs, Andreas

N1 - Reference text: Boulton, A J, Fenwick, G D, Hancock, P J and Harvey, M S. 2008. Biodiversity, functional roles and ecosystem services of groundwater invertebrates. Invertebrate Systematics, Vol.22, 103–116. Burton, S M, Rundle, S D and Jones, M B. 2001. The relationship between trace metal contamination and stream meiofauna, Environmental Pollution, Vol.111, 159–167. Costello, M. 1993. Biogeography of alien amphipods occurring in Ireland, and interactions with native species, Crustaceana, Vol.65(3), 287–299. Cvetkov L. 1968. Un filet phréatobiologique. Bulletin de l’Institut de Zoologie et Muse´e, Acade´mie Bulgare des Sciences, Vol.27, 215–218. Douglas, D J and McCall, G. 1992. The freshwater ostracoda of Ireland, Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society, Vol.15, 91–109. Fuchs, A. 2007. Erhebung und Beschreibung der Grundwasserfauna in Baden-Württemberg. PhD thesis, University of Koblenz-Landau, Germany, 109pp. Fryer, G. 1993. The freshwater Crustacea of Yorkshire. a faunistic and ecological survey. [Yorkshire Naturalists’ Union and Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society. Leeds, Titus Wilson and Son, Kendal, Cumbria.] Galassi, D P. 2001. Groundwater copepods: diversity patterns over ecological and evolutionary scales. Hydrobiologia, Vol.453/454, 227–253. Giller, P S, O’Connor, P and Kelly-Quinn, M. 1998. Freshwater Invertebrates. 125–157 in Giller, P S (Ed.), Studies in Irish Limnology. [Dublin: The Marine Institute.] Hahn, H J and Fuchs, A. 2009. Distribution patterns of groundwater communities across aquifer types in south-western Germany. Freshwater Biology, Vol.54, 848–860. Hessen, D and Stene, F. 1991. First Scandinavian record of the genus Speocyclops (Copepoda). Journal of Crustacean Biology, Vol.11(1), 162 –165. Hoffmann, J. 1963. Faune des Amphipodes du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg. Archives de l'Institut Grand Ducal de Luxembourg, Section des Sciences, N.S. 29, 77–128. Karaman, G S, Gledhill, T and Holmes, M. 1994. A new subterranean amphipod (Crustacea: Gammaridea: Niphargidae) from southern Ireland, with comments on its taxonomic position and the validity of the genus Niphargellus Schellenberg. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol.112, 309–320. Knight, L and Penk, M. [submitted]. Groundwater Crustacea of Ireland: A survey of the stygobitic Malacostraca in caves and springs, Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy. Kristjánsson, B K and Svavarsson, J. 2007. Subglacial refugia in Iceland enabled groundwater amphipods to survive glaciations. American Naturalist, Vol.170, 292–296. Madden, K. 2008. Groundwater supply – the local authority experience. 1-11 – 1-14 in: Proceedings of the IAH (Irish Group) 28th Annual Groundwater Conference, 22–23 April 2008 in Tullamore, Co. Offaly. Met Éireann, 2006. The Weather of Summer 2006 (June, July and August summary), www.met.ie/climate/monthlysummarys/summer06.pdf (date accessed 08.04.2009). McCabe, M. 2008. Glacial Geology and Geomorphology: The landscapes of Ireland. Edinburgh: Dunedin Academic Press.] 274pp. Proudlove, G S, Wood, P J, Harding, P T, Horne, D J, Gledhill, T and Knight, L R F D. 2003. A review of the status and distribution of the subterranean aquatic Crustacea of Britain and Ireland. Cave and Karst Science, Vol.30(2), 53–74. Reynolds, J D, Duigan, C, Marnell, F and O’Connor, A. 1998. Extreme and ephemeral water bodies in Ireland. 67–99 in Giller, P S (Ed.) Studies in Irish Limnology. [Dublin: The Marine Institute.] Rundle, S D and Ramsay, P M 1997. Microcrustacean communities in streams from two physiographically contrasting regions of Britain, Journal of Biogeography, Vol.24, 101–111. Schellenberg, A. 1934. Eine neue Amphipodengattung aus einer belgischen Höhle, nebst Bemerkungen über die Gattung Crangonyx, Zoologischer Anzeiger, Vol.106, 215–218. Schminke, H K and Gad, G (eds). 2007. Grundwasserfauna Deutschlands: Ein Bestimmungswerk. [Hennef: DWA.] 628pp. Sket, B. 1999. The nature of biodiversity in hypogean waters and how it is endangered. Biodiversity and Conservation, Vol.8, 1319–1338. Sket, B. 2008. Can we agree on an ecological classification of subterranean animals? Journal of Natural History, Vol.42, 1549–1563. Spangenberg, H-J. 1973. Faunistisch-ökologische Untersuchungen an Gewässern von Gipshöhlen und im Grundwasser des Südharzes und Kyffhäusers, Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie, Vol.58 (4), 501–542.

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - A total of 106 sites were sampled for subterranean aquatic Crustacea, basic water chemistry parameters and sediment characteristics as part of a pilot study for an all-Ireland survey of hypogean biodiversity. Samples were collected between November 2005 and August 2006. Sites were selected with a view to cover most of Ireland's geographical regions, geological formations and aquifer types. Sampling sites comprised 55 monitoring boreholes, 43 wells (excavated / dug from the surface historically), 5 springs and 3 wells with current groundwater abstraction for drinking water. Aquatic Crustacea were retrieved from 57% of all sites and included the first records of the following taxa for Ireland: Cavernocypris subterraneana, Fabaeformiscandona breuili and Fabaeformiscandona wegelini (Ostracoda), Speocyclops cf demetiensis (Cyclopoida) and Microniphargus leruthi (Amphipoda). These records suggest that the biodiversity of Ireland's freshwater fauna might have been significantly underestimated due to a historical lack of biological research on subterranean ecosystems. The results raise important questions regarding the biogeography of Ireland and the potential survival of subterranean fauna during periods of glaciation within hypogean refugia.

AB - A total of 106 sites were sampled for subterranean aquatic Crustacea, basic water chemistry parameters and sediment characteristics as part of a pilot study for an all-Ireland survey of hypogean biodiversity. Samples were collected between November 2005 and August 2006. Sites were selected with a view to cover most of Ireland's geographical regions, geological formations and aquifer types. Sampling sites comprised 55 monitoring boreholes, 43 wells (excavated / dug from the surface historically), 5 springs and 3 wells with current groundwater abstraction for drinking water. Aquatic Crustacea were retrieved from 57% of all sites and included the first records of the following taxa for Ireland: Cavernocypris subterraneana, Fabaeformiscandona breuili and Fabaeformiscandona wegelini (Ostracoda), Speocyclops cf demetiensis (Cyclopoida) and Microniphargus leruthi (Amphipoda). These records suggest that the biodiversity of Ireland's freshwater fauna might have been significantly underestimated due to a historical lack of biological research on subterranean ecosystems. The results raise important questions regarding the biogeography of Ireland and the potential survival of subterranean fauna during periods of glaciation within hypogean refugia.

KW - Groundwater

KW - subterranean

KW - crustaceans

KW - Crustacea

KW - aquatic

KW - ecology

KW - biogeography

KW - Ireland

KW - Microniphargus leruthi

KW - Cavernocypris subterraneana

KW - Fabaeformiscandona breuili

KW - Fabaeformiscandona wegelini

KW - Speocyclops demetiensis

UR - http://bcra.org.uk/pub/candks/index.html?j=103

UR - http://www.science.ulster.ac.uk/freshwater/profiles/Arnscheidt_J.html

UR - http://www.science.ulster.ac.uk/freshwater/STRIVE.html

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 53

EP - 58

JO - Cave and Karst Science

T2 - Cave and Karst Science

JF - Cave and Karst Science

SN - 1356-191X

IS - 1

ER -