Antioxidant enzymes, inflammatory indices and lifestyle factors in older men: a cohort analysis

CW Mulholland, PC Elwood, A Davis, DI Thurnham, O Kennedy, J Coulter, A Fehily, JJ Strain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined the relationship between blood antioxidant enzyme activities, indices of inflammatory status and a number of lifestyle factors in the Caerphilly prospective cohort study of ischaemic heart disease. The study began in 1979 and is based on a representative male population sample. Initially 2512 men were seen in phase I, and followed-up every 5 years in phases II and III; they have recently been seen in phase IV. Data on social class, smoking habit, alcohol consumption were obtained by questionnaire, and body mass index was measured. Antioxidant enzyme activities and indices of inflammatory status were estimated by standard techniques. Significant associations were observed for: age with alpha-1-antichymotrypsin (p<0.0001) and with caeruloplasmin, both protein and oxidase (p<0.0001); :smoking habit with a-l;antichymotrypsin (p<0.0001),with caeruloplasmin, both protein and oxidase (p<0.0001) and with glutathione peroxidose (GPX) (p<0.0001); social class with alpha-1-antichymotrypsin (p<0.0001), with caeruloplasmin both protein (p<0.001) and oxidase (p<0.01) and with GPX (p<0.0001); body mass index with alpha-1-antichymotrypsin (p<0.0001) and with caeruloplasmin protein (p<0.001). There was no significant:association between alcohol consumption and any of the blood enzymes measured. Factor analysis produced a three-factor model (explaining 65.9% of the variation in the data Set) which appeared to indicate close inter-relationships among antioxidants.
LanguageEnglish
Pages579-585
JournalQJM-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDICINE
Volume92
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1999

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Ceruloplasmin
alpha 1-Antichymotrypsin
Life Style
Cohort Studies
Antioxidants
Enzymes
Social Class
Alcohol Drinking
Habits
Oxidoreductases
Proteins
Body Mass Index
Smoking
Statistical Factor Analysis
Myocardial Ischemia
Glutathione
Prospective Studies
Population

Cite this

Mulholland, CW., Elwood, PC., Davis, A., Thurnham, DI., Kennedy, O., Coulter, J., ... Strain, JJ. (1999). Antioxidant enzymes, inflammatory indices and lifestyle factors in older men: a cohort analysis. QJM-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, 92(10), 579-585.
Mulholland, CW ; Elwood, PC ; Davis, A ; Thurnham, DI ; Kennedy, O ; Coulter, J ; Fehily, A ; Strain, JJ. / Antioxidant enzymes, inflammatory indices and lifestyle factors in older men: a cohort analysis. In: QJM-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDICINE. 1999 ; Vol. 92, No. 10. pp. 579-585.
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Mulholland, CW, Elwood, PC, Davis, A, Thurnham, DI, Kennedy, O, Coulter, J, Fehily, A & Strain, JJ 1999, 'Antioxidant enzymes, inflammatory indices and lifestyle factors in older men: a cohort analysis', QJM-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, vol. 92, no. 10, pp. 579-585.

Antioxidant enzymes, inflammatory indices and lifestyle factors in older men: a cohort analysis. / Mulholland, CW; Elwood, PC; Davis, A; Thurnham, DI; Kennedy, O; Coulter, J; Fehily, A; Strain, JJ.

In: QJM-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, Vol. 92, No. 10, 10.1999, p. 579-585.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Antioxidant enzymes, inflammatory indices and lifestyle factors in older men: a cohort analysis

AU - Mulholland, CW

AU - Elwood, PC

AU - Davis, A

AU - Thurnham, DI

AU - Kennedy, O

AU - Coulter, J

AU - Fehily, A

AU - Strain, JJ

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AB - We examined the relationship between blood antioxidant enzyme activities, indices of inflammatory status and a number of lifestyle factors in the Caerphilly prospective cohort study of ischaemic heart disease. The study began in 1979 and is based on a representative male population sample. Initially 2512 men were seen in phase I, and followed-up every 5 years in phases II and III; they have recently been seen in phase IV. Data on social class, smoking habit, alcohol consumption were obtained by questionnaire, and body mass index was measured. Antioxidant enzyme activities and indices of inflammatory status were estimated by standard techniques. Significant associations were observed for: age with alpha-1-antichymotrypsin (p<0.0001) and with caeruloplasmin, both protein and oxidase (p<0.0001); :smoking habit with a-l;antichymotrypsin (p<0.0001),with caeruloplasmin, both protein and oxidase (p<0.0001) and with glutathione peroxidose (GPX) (p<0.0001); social class with alpha-1-antichymotrypsin (p<0.0001), with caeruloplasmin both protein (p<0.001) and oxidase (p<0.01) and with GPX (p<0.0001); body mass index with alpha-1-antichymotrypsin (p<0.0001) and with caeruloplasmin protein (p<0.001). There was no significant:association between alcohol consumption and any of the blood enzymes measured. Factor analysis produced a three-factor model (explaining 65.9% of the variation in the data Set) which appeared to indicate close inter-relationships among antioxidants.

M3 - Article

VL - 92

SP - 579

EP - 585

JO - QJM: An International Journal of Medicine

T2 - QJM: An International Journal of Medicine

JF - QJM: An International Journal of Medicine

SN - 1460-2725

IS - 10

ER -

Mulholland CW, Elwood PC, Davis A, Thurnham DI, Kennedy O, Coulter J et al. Antioxidant enzymes, inflammatory indices and lifestyle factors in older men: a cohort analysis. QJM-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDICINE. 1999 Oct;92(10):579-585.