Antimicrobial effects of purified sophorolipids congeners on pathogenic skin bacteria

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterpeer-review

23 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The majority of pathogens associated with skin infections have developed resistance to antibiotics due to their overuse, hence, the need for novel and more effective antimicrobial agents. The antimicrobial effects of microbial sophorolipids have been demonstrated in several studies; however, most of these studies utilized crude mixtures and poorly characterized preparations of sophorolipids resulting in significant inter-study variations, which are difficult to interpret. Therefore, to broaden the potential applications of sophorolipids and make them attractive for use as effective antimicrobial agents, the antimicrobial effects of highly purified and properly characterized congeners of sophorolipids were assessed on Cutibacterium acnes, Staphylococcus aureus, and Streptococcus pyogenes in comparison with synthetic sodium lauryl ether sulphate (SLES). The viability of bacterial cells was determined using broth dilution and MTT assays while cell morphology was examined using Live/Dead Baclight staining assays. Analysis of cell viability showed that while 60 μg mL-1 of Lactonic sophorolipids (LSL) significantly reduced cell viability of all bacterial strains (p ≤ 0.001), Acidic sophorolipids (ASL) and SLES had no significant effects on the bacterial cells. Moreover, Live/Dead Baclight staining assays revealed a drastic reduction in cell population in LSL treatment groups, which was absent in ASL and SLES treatment groups. These results demonstrate that the antimicrobial effects of purified sophorolipids congeners differ depending on their chemical structure. Furthermore, LSL could as antimicrobial agents, be effective in “fighting” C. acnes, S. aureus, and S. pyogenes, which are the leading cause of acne vulgaris, atopic dermatitis, and impetigo, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 28 Sep 2022
EventBiosurfactants International Conference 2022 - University of Hohenheim, Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany
Duration: 28 Sep 202230 Sep 2022
https://biosurfactants.uni-hohenheim.de/en

Conference

ConferenceBiosurfactants International Conference 2022
Country/TerritoryGermany
CityHohenheim, Stuttgart
Period28/09/2230/09/22
Internet address

Keywords

  • Biosurfactants
  • sophorolipids
  • Antimicrobial
  • Skincare formulations
  • Acne vulgaris
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Impetigo

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Antimicrobial effects of purified sophorolipids congeners on pathogenic skin bacteria'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this