Anti-viral antibody profiling by high density protein arrays

X Bian, P Wiktor, P Kahn, A Brunner, A Khela, K Karthikeyan, K Barker, X Yu, M Magee, CH Wasserfall, D Gibson, ME Rooney, J Qiu, J LaBaer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Viral infections elicit antiviral antibodies and have been associated with various chronic dis-eases. Detection of these antibodies can facilitate diagnosis, treatment of infection, and un-derstanding of the mechanisms of virus-associated diseases. In this work, we assayed antiviralantibodies using a novel high-density nucleic acid programmable protein array (HD-NAPPA)platform. Individual viral proteins were expressed in situ directly from plasmids encodingproteins in an array of microscopic reaction chambers. Quality of protein display and serum re-sponse was assured by comparing intra- and inter-array correlation within or between printingbatches with average correlation coefficients of 0.91 and 0.96, respectively. HD-NAPPA showedhigher signal-to-background ratio compared with standard NAPPA on planar glass slides andELISA. Antibody responses to 761 antigens from 25 different viruses were profiled amongpatients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and type 1 diabetes. Common and unique antibodyreactivity patterns were detected between patients and healthy controls. We believe HD-viral-NAPPA will enable the study of host–pathogen interactions at unprecedented dimensions andelucidate the role of pathogen infections in disease development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2136-2145
Number of pages10
Issue number12
Early online date11 Mar 2015
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 16 Jun 2015


  • Antiviral antibodies
  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
  • Protein arrays
  • Type 1 diabetes


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