Antagonistic effects of two novel GIP analogs, (Hyp(3))GIP and (Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL, on the biological actions of GIP and longer-term effects in diabetic ob/ob mice

Finbarr O'Harte, Kerry Hunter, Victor Gault, Nigel Irwin, Brian D. Green, Brett Greer, Patrick Harriott, Clifford J. Bailey, Peter Flatt

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Abstract

This study examines the actions of the novel enzyme- resistant, NH2- terminally modified GIP analog ( Hyp(3)) GIP and its fatty acid- derivatized analog ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL. Acute effects are compared with the established GIP receptor antagonist ( Pro(3)) GIP. All three peptides exhibited DPP IV resistance, and significantly inhibited GIP stimulated cAMP formation and insulin secretion in GIP receptor- transfected fibroblasts and in clonal pancreatic BRIN- BD11 cells, respectively. Likewise, in obese diabetic ob/ob mice, intraperitoneal administration of GIP analogs significantly inhibited the acute antihyperglycemic and insulinreleasing effects of native GIP. Administration of once daily injections of ( Hyp(3)) GIP or ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL for 14 days resulted in significantly lower plasma glucose levels ( P <0.05) after ( Hyp3) GIP on days 12 and 14 and enhanced glucose tolerance ( P <0.05) and insulin sensitivity ( P <0.05 to P <0.001) in both groups by day 14. Both ( Hyp(3)) GIP and ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL treatment also reduced pancreatic insulin ( P <0.05 to P <0.01) without affecting islet number. These data indicate that ( Hyp3) GIP and ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL function as GIP receptor antagonists with potential for ameliorating obesity- related diabetes. Acylation of ( Hyp(3)) GIP to extend bioactivity does not appear to be of any additional benefit.
LanguageEnglish
PagesE1674-E1682
JournalAMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM
Volume292
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007

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Insulin
Glucose
Acylation
Hypoglycemic Agents
Insulin Resistance
Fatty Acids
Obesity
Fibroblasts
Peptides
Injections
Enzymes
gastric inhibitory polypeptide receptor
Therapeutics
Pro(3)-glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide

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title = "Antagonistic effects of two novel GIP analogs, (Hyp(3))GIP and (Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL, on the biological actions of GIP and longer-term effects in diabetic ob/ob mice",
abstract = "This study examines the actions of the novel enzyme- resistant, NH2- terminally modified GIP analog ( Hyp(3)) GIP and its fatty acid- derivatized analog ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL. Acute effects are compared with the established GIP receptor antagonist ( Pro(3)) GIP. All three peptides exhibited DPP IV resistance, and significantly inhibited GIP stimulated cAMP formation and insulin secretion in GIP receptor- transfected fibroblasts and in clonal pancreatic BRIN- BD11 cells, respectively. Likewise, in obese diabetic ob/ob mice, intraperitoneal administration of GIP analogs significantly inhibited the acute antihyperglycemic and insulinreleasing effects of native GIP. Administration of once daily injections of ( Hyp(3)) GIP or ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL for 14 days resulted in significantly lower plasma glucose levels ( P <0.05) after ( Hyp3) GIP on days 12 and 14 and enhanced glucose tolerance ( P <0.05) and insulin sensitivity ( P <0.05 to P <0.001) in both groups by day 14. Both ( Hyp(3)) GIP and ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL treatment also reduced pancreatic insulin ( P <0.05 to P <0.01) without affecting islet number. These data indicate that ( Hyp3) GIP and ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL function as GIP receptor antagonists with potential for ameliorating obesity- related diabetes. Acylation of ( Hyp(3)) GIP to extend bioactivity does not appear to be of any additional benefit.",
author = "Finbarr O'Harte and Kerry Hunter and Victor Gault and Nigel Irwin and Green, {Brian D.} and Brett Greer and Patrick Harriott and Bailey, {Clifford J.} and Peter Flatt",
year = "2007",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1152/ajpendo.00391.2006",
language = "English",
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pages = "E1674--E1682",
journal = "AJP - Endocrinology and Metabolism",
issn = "0193-1849",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
number = "6",

}

Antagonistic effects of two novel GIP analogs, (Hyp(3))GIP and (Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL, on the biological actions of GIP and longer-term effects in diabetic ob/ob mice. / O'Harte, Finbarr; Hunter, Kerry; Gault, Victor; Irwin, Nigel; Green, Brian D.; Greer, Brett; Harriott, Patrick; Bailey, Clifford J.; Flatt, Peter.

In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM, Vol. 292, No. 6, 06.2007, p. E1674-E1682.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Antagonistic effects of two novel GIP analogs, (Hyp(3))GIP and (Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL, on the biological actions of GIP and longer-term effects in diabetic ob/ob mice

AU - O'Harte, Finbarr

AU - Hunter, Kerry

AU - Gault, Victor

AU - Irwin, Nigel

AU - Green, Brian D.

AU - Greer, Brett

AU - Harriott, Patrick

AU - Bailey, Clifford J.

AU - Flatt, Peter

PY - 2007/6

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N2 - This study examines the actions of the novel enzyme- resistant, NH2- terminally modified GIP analog ( Hyp(3)) GIP and its fatty acid- derivatized analog ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL. Acute effects are compared with the established GIP receptor antagonist ( Pro(3)) GIP. All three peptides exhibited DPP IV resistance, and significantly inhibited GIP stimulated cAMP formation and insulin secretion in GIP receptor- transfected fibroblasts and in clonal pancreatic BRIN- BD11 cells, respectively. Likewise, in obese diabetic ob/ob mice, intraperitoneal administration of GIP analogs significantly inhibited the acute antihyperglycemic and insulinreleasing effects of native GIP. Administration of once daily injections of ( Hyp(3)) GIP or ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL for 14 days resulted in significantly lower plasma glucose levels ( P <0.05) after ( Hyp3) GIP on days 12 and 14 and enhanced glucose tolerance ( P <0.05) and insulin sensitivity ( P <0.05 to P <0.001) in both groups by day 14. Both ( Hyp(3)) GIP and ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL treatment also reduced pancreatic insulin ( P <0.05 to P <0.01) without affecting islet number. These data indicate that ( Hyp3) GIP and ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL function as GIP receptor antagonists with potential for ameliorating obesity- related diabetes. Acylation of ( Hyp(3)) GIP to extend bioactivity does not appear to be of any additional benefit.

AB - This study examines the actions of the novel enzyme- resistant, NH2- terminally modified GIP analog ( Hyp(3)) GIP and its fatty acid- derivatized analog ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL. Acute effects are compared with the established GIP receptor antagonist ( Pro(3)) GIP. All three peptides exhibited DPP IV resistance, and significantly inhibited GIP stimulated cAMP formation and insulin secretion in GIP receptor- transfected fibroblasts and in clonal pancreatic BRIN- BD11 cells, respectively. Likewise, in obese diabetic ob/ob mice, intraperitoneal administration of GIP analogs significantly inhibited the acute antihyperglycemic and insulinreleasing effects of native GIP. Administration of once daily injections of ( Hyp(3)) GIP or ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL for 14 days resulted in significantly lower plasma glucose levels ( P <0.05) after ( Hyp3) GIP on days 12 and 14 and enhanced glucose tolerance ( P <0.05) and insulin sensitivity ( P <0.05 to P <0.001) in both groups by day 14. Both ( Hyp(3)) GIP and ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL treatment also reduced pancreatic insulin ( P <0.05 to P <0.01) without affecting islet number. These data indicate that ( Hyp3) GIP and ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL function as GIP receptor antagonists with potential for ameliorating obesity- related diabetes. Acylation of ( Hyp(3)) GIP to extend bioactivity does not appear to be of any additional benefit.

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DO - 10.1152/ajpendo.00391.2006

M3 - Article

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SP - E1674-E1682

JO - AJP - Endocrinology and Metabolism

T2 - AJP - Endocrinology and Metabolism

JF - AJP - Endocrinology and Metabolism

SN - 0193-1849

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