Analysis on field trial of high temperature heat pump integrated with thermal energy storage in domestic retrofit installation

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Abstract

Heat pump and thermal energy storage are important technologies to decarbonise heat and electricity sector. Heat pump integrated with thermal energy storage can provide flexibility to electrical system operator to shift demand to accommodate non-synchronous generators. However, ageing housing stock and high temperature wet radiator central heating system possess some challenges for heat pump installation in the UK. To understand the challenges of retrofit technologies in the domestic sector, a field trial was carried out with a cascade heat pump integrated with a thermal storage tank. The heat pump replaced an existing gas boiler to provide flow temperature of 75°C as a retrofit measure without any modification/replacement to existing controller or radiators in the house. The heat pump was integrated with a 600l thermal store to meet heating demand and system performance was measured in different operation mode such as direct mode, storage mode and combined mode during one-year. The paper provides performance analysis of the system in different mode with operational experience, limitation and issues with the heat pump, house heat loss/insulation and sizing of thermal store in retrofit installation. Additionally, heat pump performance was compared with gas boiler to establish emission and cost saving benefits.
LanguageEnglish
Article numberATE12493
Pages650-659
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Volume143
Early online date30 Jul 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2018

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Thermal energy
Energy storage
Pumps
Temperature
Radiators
Boilers
Hot Temperature
Heating
Heat losses
Gases
Insulation
Electricity
Aging of materials
Controllers

Keywords

  • Heat pump
  • Thermal Energy Storage
  • demand side management
  • Retrofit
  • Field trials
  • cascade

Cite this

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title = "Analysis on field trial of high temperature heat pump integrated with thermal energy storage in domestic retrofit installation",
abstract = "Heat pump and thermal energy storage are important technologies to decarbonise heat and electricity sector. Heat pump integrated with thermal energy storage can provide flexibility to electrical system operator to shift demand to accommodate non-synchronous generators. However, ageing housing stock and high temperature wet radiator central heating system possess some challenges for heat pump installation in the UK. To understand the challenges of retrofit technologies in the domestic sector, a field trial was carried out with a cascade heat pump integrated with a thermal storage tank. The heat pump replaced an existing gas boiler to provide flow temperature of 75°C as a retrofit measure without any modification/replacement to existing controller or radiators in the house. The heat pump was integrated with a 600l thermal store to meet heating demand and system performance was measured in different operation mode such as direct mode, storage mode and combined mode during one-year. The paper provides performance analysis of the system in different mode with operational experience, limitation and issues with the heat pump, house heat loss/insulation and sizing of thermal store in retrofit installation. Additionally, heat pump performance was compared with gas boiler to establish emission and cost saving benefits.",
keywords = "Heat pump, Thermal Energy Storage, demand side management, Retrofit, Field trials, cascade",
author = "Nikhilkumar Shah and Christopher Wilson and M Huang and Neil Hewitt",
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N2 - Heat pump and thermal energy storage are important technologies to decarbonise heat and electricity sector. Heat pump integrated with thermal energy storage can provide flexibility to electrical system operator to shift demand to accommodate non-synchronous generators. However, ageing housing stock and high temperature wet radiator central heating system possess some challenges for heat pump installation in the UK. To understand the challenges of retrofit technologies in the domestic sector, a field trial was carried out with a cascade heat pump integrated with a thermal storage tank. The heat pump replaced an existing gas boiler to provide flow temperature of 75°C as a retrofit measure without any modification/replacement to existing controller or radiators in the house. The heat pump was integrated with a 600l thermal store to meet heating demand and system performance was measured in different operation mode such as direct mode, storage mode and combined mode during one-year. The paper provides performance analysis of the system in different mode with operational experience, limitation and issues with the heat pump, house heat loss/insulation and sizing of thermal store in retrofit installation. Additionally, heat pump performance was compared with gas boiler to establish emission and cost saving benefits.

AB - Heat pump and thermal energy storage are important technologies to decarbonise heat and electricity sector. Heat pump integrated with thermal energy storage can provide flexibility to electrical system operator to shift demand to accommodate non-synchronous generators. However, ageing housing stock and high temperature wet radiator central heating system possess some challenges for heat pump installation in the UK. To understand the challenges of retrofit technologies in the domestic sector, a field trial was carried out with a cascade heat pump integrated with a thermal storage tank. The heat pump replaced an existing gas boiler to provide flow temperature of 75°C as a retrofit measure without any modification/replacement to existing controller or radiators in the house. The heat pump was integrated with a 600l thermal store to meet heating demand and system performance was measured in different operation mode such as direct mode, storage mode and combined mode during one-year. The paper provides performance analysis of the system in different mode with operational experience, limitation and issues with the heat pump, house heat loss/insulation and sizing of thermal store in retrofit installation. Additionally, heat pump performance was compared with gas boiler to establish emission and cost saving benefits.

KW - Heat pump

KW - Thermal Energy Storage

KW - demand side management

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KW - Field trials

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