Analysis of the delivery plane in the golf swing using principal components

Andrew Morrison, Denise McGrath, Eric Wallace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
349 Downloads (Pure)


Although the swing plane has been a popular area of golf biomechanics research, the movement of the club relative to the swing plane has yet to be shown experimentally to have a relationship with performance. This study used principal component and subsequent multiple regression analysis to investigate the relationship between the movement of the club relative to the delivery plane and clubhead characteristics at ball impact. The principal components generally reflected deviations from an individual swing plane, and lower values of these were associated generally with less variability in the club face impact location. Given a situation in which a golf coach wishes to improve the precision of ball striking, the results from this study suggest that both simplicity of the route and alignment of the club to the final trajectory before impact could be a course of action. However, this does not to suggest technique should be based on a ‘model’ swing plane.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-304
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology
Issue number4
Early online date19 Jan 2018
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 1 Dec 2018


  • Motion analysis
  • kinematics
  • performance
  • techniques
  • golf swing


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