Analyses of the anthropometric data from the North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey

SN McCarthy, KE Harrington, M Kiely, A Flynn, PJ Robson, Barbara Livingstone, MJ Gibney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To obtain measured anthropometric data for weight, height and other parameters not previously measured in the Irish population such as waist and hip circumferences and body composition. Design: A cross-sectional survey. Weight, height, waist circumference, hip circumference and body composition were measured according to standard procedures. Setting: Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, 1997-1999. Subjects: Random representative sample of 1379 adults aged 18-64 years. Results: With the exception of body fiat, all anthropometric values were significantly higher for men than women (P < 0.001). All measurements were significantly higher in the 36-50-year-old age group compared with 18-35 year olds. Height was the exception, which decreased significantly with age (P < 0.05). Weight, height and body mass index (BMI) have increased in Ireland Since last measured in 1988 and in 1990. Over the last decade, obesity has increased in men 2.5 fold from 8% to 20% and in women by 1.25 fold from 13% to 16%. Significantly more women have a normal BMI than men (50.4% vs. 33.3%; P < 0.05). Cut-off points for a high waist circumference and high waist-to-hip ratio identified 47% and 33% of the population, respectively, to be at an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Social class did not have any significant effect on mean BMI. Location of residence influenced BMI but not in any consistent manner. Ex-smokers had a significantly higher BMI than nonsmokers and smokers (P < 0.05). Conclusions: A revision of current recommendations for combating obesity is warranted to improve the health of the Irish population, Further research is needed to identify the factors that have contributed to the dramatic increase in the prevalence of obesity in men over the last decade and have resulted in a higher prevalence of obesity in men than in women.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1099-1106
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume4
Issue number5A, Sp
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2001

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Ireland
Body Mass Index
Waist Circumference
Food
Obesity
Body Composition
Weights and Measures
Hip
Population
Northern Ireland
Waist-Hip Ratio
Social Class
Cardiovascular Diseases
Age Groups
Cross-Sectional Studies
Surveys and Questionnaires
Health
Research

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McCarthy, SN., Harrington, KE., Kiely, M., Flynn, A., Robson, PJ., Livingstone, B., & Gibney, MJ. (2001). Analyses of the anthropometric data from the North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey. Public Health Nutrition, 4(5A, Sp), 1099-1106. https://doi.org/10.1079/PHN2001191
McCarthy, SN ; Harrington, KE ; Kiely, M ; Flynn, A ; Robson, PJ ; Livingstone, Barbara ; Gibney, MJ. / Analyses of the anthropometric data from the North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2001 ; Vol. 4, No. 5A, Sp. pp. 1099-1106.
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McCarthy, SN, Harrington, KE, Kiely, M, Flynn, A, Robson, PJ, Livingstone, B & Gibney, MJ 2001, 'Analyses of the anthropometric data from the North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey', Public Health Nutrition, vol. 4, no. 5A, Sp, pp. 1099-1106. https://doi.org/10.1079/PHN2001191

Analyses of the anthropometric data from the North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey. / McCarthy, SN; Harrington, KE; Kiely, M; Flynn, A; Robson, PJ; Livingstone, Barbara; Gibney, MJ.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 4, No. 5A, Sp, 10.2001, p. 1099-1106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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