An opinion on the interpretation of bone turnover markers following acute exercise or nutrition intervention and considerations for applied research.

Mark Hutson, Ian Varley

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

It is important for athlete and public health that we continue to develop our understanding of the effects of exercise and nutrition on bone health. Bone turnover markers (BTMs) offer an opportunity to accelerate the progression of bone research by revealing a bone response to exercise and nutrition stimuli far more rapidly than current bone imaging techniques. However, the association between short-term change in the concentration of BTMs and long-term bone health remains ambiguous. Several other limitations also complicate the translation of acute BTM data to applied practice. Importantly, several incongruencies exist between the effects of exercise and nutrition stimuli on short-term change in BTM concentration compared with long-term bone structural outcomes to similar stimuli. There are many potential explanations for these inconsistencies, including that short-term study designs fail to encompass a full remodeling cycle. The current article presents the opinion that data from relatively acute studies measuring BTMs may not be able to reliably inform applied practice aiming to optimize bone health. There are important factors to consider when interpreting or translating BTM data and these are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
DOIs
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 26 Jun 2024

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