An investigation into the prevalence and people’s experience of ‘food poverty’ within Causeway Coast and Glens catchments: Secondary analysis of local authority data

Sinead Furey, Leanne Fegan, Amy Burns, Christopher McLaughlin, Lynsey Hollywood, Pearl Mahon

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

Abstract

Food poverty is defined as the inability to afford or access a healthy diet and is becoming recognised as a public health emergency. This research involved secondary analysis of a Causeway Coast and Glens (CCAG)-sponsored household questionnaire data (N=362) to determine the affordability and accessibility of food, and the social impacts of food poverty. In addition, data were analysed to understand if particular catchments reported different experiences and appetites for local authority intervention to help overcome food poverty. Findings concluded that food poverty has reached a concerning level within the CCAG Borough, with affordability and accessibility proving important points of concern. Two in five (41%) respondents reported being unable to comfortably feed themselves and their families three meals per day all of the time, and three in ten (31%) reported being forced to make a choice between food and other essentials. More than half of the respondents (54%) reported some anxiety about whether their budget would fulfil their food needs.An important minority (13% – 40%) cited their inability to afford social activities that their peers may take for granted. This sense of being socially excluded from both low-cost, routine to more expensive, occasional activities is worrying given how social inclusivity contributes to quality of life. Respondents indicated support for various local authority-organised activities including quality, local food and cookery demonstrations to help overcome the negative repercussions of food poverty. Policy makers and practitioners should consider these perspectives in devising evidence-informed and meaningfully-targeted interventions, while efforts must be ongoing to address the structural causes of food poverty for a truly sustainable solution.
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages20
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 16 Sep 2016

Fingerprint

secondary analysis
poverty
food
experience
meals
social effects
quality of life
budget
public health
minority
anxiety
cause
questionnaire

Keywords

  • Food poverty
  • Northern Ireland
  • Social Exclusion
  • Affordability
  • Accessibility

Cite this

@book{d9e34ad2629e4144b571c9d20e503206,
title = "An investigation into the prevalence and people’s experience of ‘food poverty’ within Causeway Coast and Glens catchments: Secondary analysis of local authority data",
abstract = "Food poverty is defined as the inability to afford or access a healthy diet and is becoming recognised as a public health emergency. This research involved secondary analysis of a Causeway Coast and Glens (CCAG)-sponsored household questionnaire data (N=362) to determine the affordability and accessibility of food, and the social impacts of food poverty. In addition, data were analysed to understand if particular catchments reported different experiences and appetites for local authority intervention to help overcome food poverty. Findings concluded that food poverty has reached a concerning level within the CCAG Borough, with affordability and accessibility proving important points of concern. Two in five (41{\%}) respondents reported being unable to comfortably feed themselves and their families three meals per day all of the time, and three in ten (31{\%}) reported being forced to make a choice between food and other essentials. More than half of the respondents (54{\%}) reported some anxiety about whether their budget would fulfil their food needs.An important minority (13{\%} – 40{\%}) cited their inability to afford social activities that their peers may take for granted. This sense of being socially excluded from both low-cost, routine to more expensive, occasional activities is worrying given how social inclusivity contributes to quality of life. Respondents indicated support for various local authority-organised activities including quality, local food and cookery demonstrations to help overcome the negative repercussions of food poverty. Policy makers and practitioners should consider these perspectives in devising evidence-informed and meaningfully-targeted interventions, while efforts must be ongoing to address the structural causes of food poverty for a truly sustainable solution.",
keywords = "Food poverty, Northern Ireland, Social Exclusion, Affordability, Accessibility",
author = "Sinead Furey and Leanne Fegan and Amy Burns and Christopher McLaughlin and Lynsey Hollywood and Pearl Mahon",
note = "Reference text: Advice NI Social Policy Report (2013) The Growth of Food Banks in Northern Ireland. Available from: http://www.adviceni.net/sites/default/files/publications/AdviceNI_Food_Banks_Policy_paper.pdf [Accessed 2 March 2016]. Burns, C. (2004) A review of the literature describing the link between poverty, food insecurity and obesity with specific reference to Australia. Australia: Victorian Health Promotion Foundation. Available from: http://secondbite.org/sites/default/files/A_review_of_the_literature_describing_the_link_between_poverty_food_insecurity_and_obesity_w.pdf [Accessed 30 March 2016]. Coates, J., Frongillo, E. A., Rogers, B. L., Webb, P., Wilde, P. E., and Houser, R. (2006) Commonalities in the experience of household food insecurity across cultures: what are measures missing? Journal of Nutrition, 136 (5), 1438-1448. Consumer Council. (2013) Hard to stomach: The impact of rising food costs for Northern Ireland consumers. Belfast: Consumer Council. Available from: http://www.consumercouncil.org.uk/filestore/documents/Hard_to_Stomach1.pdf. [Accessed 2 March 2016]. Cooper, N. and Dumpleton, S. (2013) Walking the breadline: The scandal of food poverty in 21st century Britain. London: Oxfam. Available from: http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/publications/walking-the-breadline-the-scandal-of-food-poverty-in-21st-century-britain-292978 [Accessed 2 March 2016]. Cooper, N., Purcell, S. and Jackson, R. (2014) Below the breadline – the relentless rise of food poverty in Britain. London: Oxfam. Available from: http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/publications/below-the-breadline-the-relentless-rise-of-food-poverty-in-britain-317730[Accessed 2 March 2016]. Department for Social Development (2014) NI Poverty Bulletin. Belfast: Department for Social Development. Food Standards Agency. (2014) The food and you survey: Northern Ireland bulletin 1 – Eating, cooking and shopping. Available from: http://www.food.gov.uk/sites/default/files/ni-bulletin-1-food-and-you-2014.pdf [Accessed 5 July 2016]. Friel, S. and Conlon, C. (2004) Food poverty and policy. Dublin; Combat Poverty Agency. Available from: http://www.combatpoverty.ie/publications/FoodPovertyAndPolicy_2004.pdf [Accesed 15 March 2016]. Garc{\'i}a-Germ{\'a}n, S., Bardaj{\'i}, I. and Garrido, A. (2010) Analysis of food deprivation in the EU under food prices volatility and rise: Scientific paper No. 10. ULYSSES project, EU 7th Framework Programme, Project 312182 KBBE.2012.1.4-05. Madrid: Universidad Polit{\'e}cnica de Madrid. Available from: http://www.fp7-ulysses.eu/publications/ULYSSES{\%}20Scientific{\%}20Paper{\%}2010_Analysis{\%}20of{\%}20food{\%}20deprivation{\%}20in{\%}20the{\%}20EU{\%}20under{\%}20food{\%}20prices{\%}20volatility{\%}20and{\%}20rise.pdf [Accessed 2 March 2016]. Griffith, R., O’Connell, M. and Smith, K. (2015) Food expenditure and nutritional quality over the great recession. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. Available from: http://www.ifs.org.uk/bns/bn143.pdf [Accessed 7 March 2016]. Hardy, B. (2013) Income instability and the response of the safety net. Washington: American University. Available from: https://spea.indiana.edu/doc/research/finance-conference/hardy_income-instability.pdf [Accessed: 2 March 2016]. Harvey, K. (2016) When I go to bed hungry and sleep, I’m not hungry: Children’s and parents’ experiences of food insecurity. Appetite, 99 (2), 235-244. Hope, K. (2014) The death of the weekly supermarket shop. Available from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-29442383 [Accessed 30 July 2015]. Northern Ireland Executive (2015b) Health Survey Northern Ireland 2014/15. Available from: http://www.northernireland.gov.uk/news-dhssps-111115-health-survey-northern?WT.mc_id=rss-news [Accessed 22 February 2016]. Kirkpatrick, S. L. and Tarasuk, V. (2008) Food insecurity is associated with nutrient inadequacies among Canadian adults and adolescents. Journal of Nutrition, 138 (3), 604-612. Lambie-Mumford, H. and Dowler, E. (2014) Rising use of food aid in the United Kingdom. British Food Journal, 116 (6), 1418-1425. Levitas, R., Pantazis, C., Fahmy, E., Gordon, D., Lloyd, E., and Patsios, D. (2007) The multi-dimensional analysis of social exclusion. Bristol: International Study of Poverty and Bristol Institute for Public Affairs University of Bristol. Available from: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http:/www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/media/cabinetoffice/social_exclusion_task_force/assets/research/multidimensional.pdf. Accessed 21 July 2016. Malsen, C., Raffle, A., Marriot, S. and Smith, N. (2013) Food poverty: What does the evidence tell us? Bristol: Bristol City Council. Available from: http://bristolfoodpolicycouncil.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/Food-Poverty-Report-July-2013-for-publication.pdf [Accessed 2 March 2016]. O’Connor, N., Farag, K. and Baines, R. (2016) What is food poverty? A conceptual framework. British Food Journal, 118 (2), 429-449. Office for National Statistics. (2015) Family spending 2015 – A report on the living costs and food survey 2014. London: Office for National Statistics. Available from: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/personalandhouseholdfinances/incomeandwealth/compendium/familyspending/2015 [accessed 27/03/16]. Safefood, Consumer Council and Food Standards Agency in NI. (2015) The cost of a healthy food basket: Pilot study of two household types in Northern Ireland. Dublin: Safefood. Available from: http://www.safefood.eu/SafeFood/media/SafeFoodLibrary/Documents/Publications/Research{\%}20Reports/The-Cost-of-a-Minimum-Essential-Food-Basket-in-Northern-Ireland-09062015.pdf [Accessed 2 March 2016]. Taylor, A. and Loopstra, R. (2016) Too poor to eat: Food insecurity in the UK. London: Food Foundation. Available from: http://foodfoundation.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/FoodInsecurityBriefing-May-2016-FINAL.pdf [Accessed 6 May 2016]. Taylor-Robinson, D., Rougeaux, E., Harrison, D., Witehead, M., Barr, B. and Pearce, A. (2013) The rise of food poverty in the UK. I; 347: f7157. Tomlinson, M., Hillyard, P. and Kelly, G. (2013) Child poverty in Northern Ireland: Results from the poverty and social exclusion study. Belfast: Queen’s University, Belfast. Available from: http://pure.qub.ac.uk/portal/en/publications/child-poverty-in-northern-ireland-results-from-the-poverty-and-social-exclusion-study(1dc541d8-c219-4728-8e68-a4cdb3991874).html [Accessed 2 March 2016].",
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T1 - An investigation into the prevalence and people’s experience of ‘food poverty’ within Causeway Coast and Glens catchments: Secondary analysis of local authority data

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AU - Burns, Amy

AU - McLaughlin, Christopher

AU - Hollywood, Lynsey

AU - Mahon, Pearl

N1 - Reference text: Advice NI Social Policy Report (2013) The Growth of Food Banks in Northern Ireland. Available from: http://www.adviceni.net/sites/default/files/publications/AdviceNI_Food_Banks_Policy_paper.pdf [Accessed 2 March 2016]. Burns, C. (2004) A review of the literature describing the link between poverty, food insecurity and obesity with specific reference to Australia. Australia: Victorian Health Promotion Foundation. Available from: http://secondbite.org/sites/default/files/A_review_of_the_literature_describing_the_link_between_poverty_food_insecurity_and_obesity_w.pdf [Accessed 30 March 2016]. Coates, J., Frongillo, E. A., Rogers, B. L., Webb, P., Wilde, P. E., and Houser, R. (2006) Commonalities in the experience of household food insecurity across cultures: what are measures missing? Journal of Nutrition, 136 (5), 1438-1448. Consumer Council. (2013) Hard to stomach: The impact of rising food costs for Northern Ireland consumers. Belfast: Consumer Council. Available from: http://www.consumercouncil.org.uk/filestore/documents/Hard_to_Stomach1.pdf. [Accessed 2 March 2016]. Cooper, N. and Dumpleton, S. (2013) Walking the breadline: The scandal of food poverty in 21st century Britain. London: Oxfam. Available from: http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/publications/walking-the-breadline-the-scandal-of-food-poverty-in-21st-century-britain-292978 [Accessed 2 March 2016]. Cooper, N., Purcell, S. and Jackson, R. (2014) Below the breadline – the relentless rise of food poverty in Britain. London: Oxfam. Available from: http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/publications/below-the-breadline-the-relentless-rise-of-food-poverty-in-britain-317730[Accessed 2 March 2016]. Department for Social Development (2014) NI Poverty Bulletin. Belfast: Department for Social Development. Food Standards Agency. (2014) The food and you survey: Northern Ireland bulletin 1 – Eating, cooking and shopping. Available from: http://www.food.gov.uk/sites/default/files/ni-bulletin-1-food-and-you-2014.pdf [Accessed 5 July 2016]. Friel, S. and Conlon, C. (2004) Food poverty and policy. Dublin; Combat Poverty Agency. Available from: http://www.combatpoverty.ie/publications/FoodPovertyAndPolicy_2004.pdf [Accesed 15 March 2016]. García-Germán, S., Bardají, I. and Garrido, A. (2010) Analysis of food deprivation in the EU under food prices volatility and rise: Scientific paper No. 10. ULYSSES project, EU 7th Framework Programme, Project 312182 KBBE.2012.1.4-05. Madrid: Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Available from: http://www.fp7-ulysses.eu/publications/ULYSSES%20Scientific%20Paper%2010_Analysis%20of%20food%20deprivation%20in%20the%20EU%20under%20food%20prices%20volatility%20and%20rise.pdf [Accessed 2 March 2016]. Griffith, R., O’Connell, M. and Smith, K. (2015) Food expenditure and nutritional quality over the great recession. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. Available from: http://www.ifs.org.uk/bns/bn143.pdf [Accessed 7 March 2016]. Hardy, B. (2013) Income instability and the response of the safety net. Washington: American University. Available from: https://spea.indiana.edu/doc/research/finance-conference/hardy_income-instability.pdf [Accessed: 2 March 2016]. Harvey, K. (2016) When I go to bed hungry and sleep, I’m not hungry: Children’s and parents’ experiences of food insecurity. Appetite, 99 (2), 235-244. Hope, K. (2014) The death of the weekly supermarket shop. Available from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-29442383 [Accessed 30 July 2015]. Northern Ireland Executive (2015b) Health Survey Northern Ireland 2014/15. Available from: http://www.northernireland.gov.uk/news-dhssps-111115-health-survey-northern?WT.mc_id=rss-news [Accessed 22 February 2016]. Kirkpatrick, S. L. and Tarasuk, V. (2008) Food insecurity is associated with nutrient inadequacies among Canadian adults and adolescents. Journal of Nutrition, 138 (3), 604-612. Lambie-Mumford, H. and Dowler, E. (2014) Rising use of food aid in the United Kingdom. British Food Journal, 116 (6), 1418-1425. Levitas, R., Pantazis, C., Fahmy, E., Gordon, D., Lloyd, E., and Patsios, D. (2007) The multi-dimensional analysis of social exclusion. Bristol: International Study of Poverty and Bristol Institute for Public Affairs University of Bristol. Available from: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http:/www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/media/cabinetoffice/social_exclusion_task_force/assets/research/multidimensional.pdf. Accessed 21 July 2016. Malsen, C., Raffle, A., Marriot, S. and Smith, N. (2013) Food poverty: What does the evidence tell us? Bristol: Bristol City Council. Available from: http://bristolfoodpolicycouncil.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/Food-Poverty-Report-July-2013-for-publication.pdf [Accessed 2 March 2016]. O’Connor, N., Farag, K. and Baines, R. (2016) What is food poverty? A conceptual framework. British Food Journal, 118 (2), 429-449. Office for National Statistics. (2015) Family spending 2015 – A report on the living costs and food survey 2014. London: Office for National Statistics. Available from: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/personalandhouseholdfinances/incomeandwealth/compendium/familyspending/2015 [accessed 27/03/16]. Safefood, Consumer Council and Food Standards Agency in NI. (2015) The cost of a healthy food basket: Pilot study of two household types in Northern Ireland. Dublin: Safefood. Available from: http://www.safefood.eu/SafeFood/media/SafeFoodLibrary/Documents/Publications/Research%20Reports/The-Cost-of-a-Minimum-Essential-Food-Basket-in-Northern-Ireland-09062015.pdf [Accessed 2 March 2016]. Taylor, A. and Loopstra, R. (2016) Too poor to eat: Food insecurity in the UK. London: Food Foundation. Available from: http://foodfoundation.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/FoodInsecurityBriefing-May-2016-FINAL.pdf [Accessed 6 May 2016]. Taylor-Robinson, D., Rougeaux, E., Harrison, D., Witehead, M., Barr, B. and Pearce, A. (2013) The rise of food poverty in the UK. I; 347: f7157. Tomlinson, M., Hillyard, P. and Kelly, G. (2013) Child poverty in Northern Ireland: Results from the poverty and social exclusion study. Belfast: Queen’s University, Belfast. Available from: http://pure.qub.ac.uk/portal/en/publications/child-poverty-in-northern-ireland-results-from-the-poverty-and-social-exclusion-study(1dc541d8-c219-4728-8e68-a4cdb3991874).html [Accessed 2 March 2016].

PY - 2016/9/16

Y1 - 2016/9/16

N2 - Food poverty is defined as the inability to afford or access a healthy diet and is becoming recognised as a public health emergency. This research involved secondary analysis of a Causeway Coast and Glens (CCAG)-sponsored household questionnaire data (N=362) to determine the affordability and accessibility of food, and the social impacts of food poverty. In addition, data were analysed to understand if particular catchments reported different experiences and appetites for local authority intervention to help overcome food poverty. Findings concluded that food poverty has reached a concerning level within the CCAG Borough, with affordability and accessibility proving important points of concern. Two in five (41%) respondents reported being unable to comfortably feed themselves and their families three meals per day all of the time, and three in ten (31%) reported being forced to make a choice between food and other essentials. More than half of the respondents (54%) reported some anxiety about whether their budget would fulfil their food needs.An important minority (13% – 40%) cited their inability to afford social activities that their peers may take for granted. This sense of being socially excluded from both low-cost, routine to more expensive, occasional activities is worrying given how social inclusivity contributes to quality of life. Respondents indicated support for various local authority-organised activities including quality, local food and cookery demonstrations to help overcome the negative repercussions of food poverty. Policy makers and practitioners should consider these perspectives in devising evidence-informed and meaningfully-targeted interventions, while efforts must be ongoing to address the structural causes of food poverty for a truly sustainable solution.

AB - Food poverty is defined as the inability to afford or access a healthy diet and is becoming recognised as a public health emergency. This research involved secondary analysis of a Causeway Coast and Glens (CCAG)-sponsored household questionnaire data (N=362) to determine the affordability and accessibility of food, and the social impacts of food poverty. In addition, data were analysed to understand if particular catchments reported different experiences and appetites for local authority intervention to help overcome food poverty. Findings concluded that food poverty has reached a concerning level within the CCAG Borough, with affordability and accessibility proving important points of concern. Two in five (41%) respondents reported being unable to comfortably feed themselves and their families three meals per day all of the time, and three in ten (31%) reported being forced to make a choice between food and other essentials. More than half of the respondents (54%) reported some anxiety about whether their budget would fulfil their food needs.An important minority (13% – 40%) cited their inability to afford social activities that their peers may take for granted. This sense of being socially excluded from both low-cost, routine to more expensive, occasional activities is worrying given how social inclusivity contributes to quality of life. Respondents indicated support for various local authority-organised activities including quality, local food and cookery demonstrations to help overcome the negative repercussions of food poverty. Policy makers and practitioners should consider these perspectives in devising evidence-informed and meaningfully-targeted interventions, while efforts must be ongoing to address the structural causes of food poverty for a truly sustainable solution.

KW - Food poverty

KW - Northern Ireland

KW - Social Exclusion

KW - Affordability

KW - Accessibility

M3 - Commissioned report

BT - An investigation into the prevalence and people’s experience of ‘food poverty’ within Causeway Coast and Glens catchments: Secondary analysis of local authority data

ER -