An investigation into the legal issues relating to Building Information Modelling (BIM)

Robert Eadie, Tim McLernon, Adam Patton

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1196 Downloads (Pure)


The UK Government Construction Strategy stipulates all Government construction projects need collaborative Level 2 BIM incorporated by 2016. The UK Government considers this will deliver improvements. However, literature identified significant legal issues stifling BIM implementation, including Design and Software Liability. A knowledge gap exists in the ranking of these issues. A web-based survey of the top 100 UK construction companies provides empirical data. Findings revealed the top five legal issues relating to BIM adoption, in order of importance, are; Model ownership, Incorporation of BIM into the contractual relationship of the parties involved. Design liability, Reliance on data and the Evolution and responsibility of model. Design responsibility, Lack of standardisation, litigation and protocols, Collaborative working, the Role of BIM co-ordinator and Sharing of copyrighted data, are the top five ranked design liability issues. The high ranking of these issues still raises concerns and contrasts with the BIM working group’s findings that little change is required in the fundamental building blocks of copyright law, contracts and insurance to facilitate working at Level 2 of BIM maturity. Furthermore, industry findings reveal that interoperability between parties, compatibility, security issues, data transfer and collaborative working were ranked as the top five software liability issues.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnknown Host Publication
PublisherRoyal Institution of Chartered Surveyors
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)978-1-78321-071-8
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 8 Jul 2015
EventRICS COBRA AUBEA 2015 - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 8 Jul 2015 → …


ConferenceRICS COBRA AUBEA 2015
Period8/07/15 → …


  • BIM
  • Legal issues
  • Ranking
  • Government procurement.


Dive into the research topics of 'An investigation into the legal issues relating to Building Information Modelling (BIM)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this