An implementation of cellular automaton model for single-line train working diagram

Wei Hua, Jun Liu

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)


    According to the railway transportation system's characteristics, a new cellular automaton model for the single-line railway system is presented in this paper. Based on this model, several simulations were done to imitate the train operation under three working diagrams. From a different angle the results show how the organization of train operation impacts on the railway carrying capacity. By using the non-parallel train working diagram the influence of fast-train on slow-train is found to be the strongest. Many slow-trains have to wait in-between neighbouring stations to let the fast-train(s) pass through first. So the slow-train will advance like a wave propagating from the departure station to the arrival station. This also resembles the situation of a highway jammed traffic flow. Furthermore, the nonuniformity of travel times between the sections also greatly limits the railway carrying capacity. After converting the nonuniform sections into the sections with uniform travel times while the total travel time is kept unchanged, all three carrying capacities are improved greatly as shown by simulation. It also shows that the cellular automaton model is an effective and feasible way to investigate the railway transportation system.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)687-691
    Number of pages5
    JournalChinese Physics
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 1 Apr 2006


    • Carrying capacity
    • Cellular automaton model
    • Single-line railway
    • Train working diagram


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