‘An Imperfect Peace’: Paramilitary ‘Punishments’ in Northern Ireland

Rachel Monaghan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


Since the beginning of the Troubles, alternative forms of justice have emerged in many working class areas of Northern Ireland. Such justice operates outside the formal state system and is undertaken by paramilitaries. This article explores the nature of this informal justice including an identification of activities liable for 'punishment', the procedures involved and the types of 'punishment' meted out. Moreover, this article examines the pattern of paramilitary 'punishments' in the pre- and post cease fire periods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-461
JournalTerrorism and Political Violence
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 2004


  • Northern Ireland
  • paramilitaries
  • informal justice
  • vigilantism


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