An Exploratory Study to Detect Temporal Orientation Using Bluetooth's sensor

Netzahualcoyotl Hernandez-Cruz, Burcu Demiray, Bert Arnrich, Jesus Favela

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Mobile sensing technology allows us to investigate human behaviour on a daily basis. In the study, we examined temporal orientation, which refers to the capacity of thinking or talking about personal events in the past and future. We utilise the mksense platform that allows us to use the experience-sampling method. Individual's thoughts and their relationship with smartphone's Bluetooth data is analysed to understand in which contexts people are influenced by social environments, such as the people they spend the most time with. As an exploratory study, we analyse social condition influence through a collection of Bluetooth data and survey information from participant's smartphones. Preliminary results show that people are likely to focus on past events when interacting with close-related people, and focus on future planning when interacting with strangers. Similarly, people experience present temporal orientation when accompanied by known people. We believe that these findings are linked to emotions since, in its most basic state, emotion is a state of physiological arousal combined with an appropriated cognition. In this contribution, we envision a smartphone application for automatically inferring human emotions based on user's temporal orientation by using Bluetooth sensors, we briefly elaborate on the influential factor of temporal orientation episodes and conclude with a discussion and lessons learned.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 20 May 2019


  • Mobile sensing
  • Temporal orientation
  • Social environment
  • Human behaviour
  • Bluetooth


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