An exploration of the self-perceived nutrition competencies of pharmacists

Dervla Kelly, Jacqueline Chawke, Megan Keane, Helen Conway, Pauline Douglas, Anne Griffin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background

Pharmacists are integral members of healthcare teams, providing accessible nutrition care to patients, carers and health professionals. However, little is known about nutrition competence among pharmacists.

Objective

The aim of the study is to determine the self-perceived competence in providing nutrition care among pharmacists in Ireland.

Methods

This cross-sectional study used a mixed methods design consisting of an online survey delivered to pharmacists in Ireland. The pharmacists' self-perceived competencies according to confidence in knowledge, skills, communication and counselling, and attitudes in nutrition care were assessed using the validated NUTCOMP questionnaire. Qualitative responses in relation to nutrition knowledge were also gathered. Questionnaire responses were analysed using descriptive statistics and free text narratives were coded into themes and subthemes.

Results

A total of n = 557 (74% (n = 413) female; 24.1% (n = 134) male) respondents completed the questionnaire providing a 14.9% response rate. Confidence in nutrition knowledge (mean score (SD) 21.6 (±4.31) out of a maximum of 35 points), nutrition skills (mean score (SD) 31.8 (±7.74) out of a maximum count of 55) and nutrition related counselling and communication (mean score (SD) 29.8 (±6.35) out of a maximum of 45 points) were limited. Most respondents had completed a programme with some nutrition content (60.8%) either formally or informally. Previous nutrition education was positively associated with greater scores in knowledge, skills, communication/counselling and attitudes towards nutrition care (p = ≤0.001). Over three-quarters of respondents (78.1%) agreed that they would like further nutrition education to support themselves in their roles as pharmacists. Thematic analysis highlights the role of interprofessional nutrition care, barriers to providing nutritional care in practice and opportunities for improving nutrition training.

Conclusions

Most pharmacists reported being somewhat confident in their nutrition knowledge, skills and attitudes and are willing to participate in further nutrition education to support their patients. The findings suggest that there are other barriers to providing nutrition care in the pharmacy setting such as time, renumeration and lack of community dietitians.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100203
Pages (from-to)100203
Number of pages1
JournalExploratory Research in Clinical and Social Pharmacy
Volume8
Early online date23 Nov 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 31 Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

© 2022 The Authors.

Keywords

  • Community
  • Nutrition competency
  • Interprofessional communication
  • Malnutrition
  • Pharmacy
  • Nutrition education

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