An AI-based multiphase framework for improving the mechanical ventilation availability in emergency departments during respiratory disease seasons: a case study

Miguel Ortiz-Barrios, Antonella Petrillo, Sebastián Arias-Fonseca, Sally McClean, Fabio de Felice, Chris Nugent, Sheyla-Ariany Uribe-López

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background
Shortages of mechanical ventilation have become a constant problem in Emergency Departments (EDs), thereby affecting the timely deployment of medical interventions that counteract the severe health complications experienced during respiratory disease seasons. It is then necessary to count on agile and robust methodological approaches predicting the expected demand loads to EDs while supporting the timely allocation of ventilators. In this paper, we propose an integration of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Discrete-event Simulation (DES) to design effective interventions ensuring the high availability of ventilators for patients needing these devices.

Methods
First, we applied Random Forest (RF) to estimate the mechanical ventilation probability of respiratory-affected patients entering the emergency wards. Second, we introduced the RF predictions into a DES model to diagnose the response of EDs in terms of mechanical ventilator availability. Lately, we pretested two different interventions suggested by decision-makers to address the scarcity of this resource. A case study in a European hospital group was used to validate the proposed methodology.

Results
The number of patients in the training cohort was 734, while the test group comprised 315. The sensitivity of the AI model was 93.08% (95% confidence interval, [88.46 − 96.26%]), whilst the specificity was 85.45% [77.45 − 91.45%]. On the other hand, the positive and negative predictive values were 91.62% (86.75 − 95.13%) and 87.85% (80.12 − 93.36%). Also, the Receiver Operator Characteristic (ROC) curve plot was 95.00% (89.25 − 100%). Finally, the median waiting time for mechanical ventilation was decreased by 17.48% after implementing a new resource capacity strategy.

Conclusions
Combining AI and DES helps healthcare decision-makers to elucidate interventions shortening the waiting times for mechanical ventilators in EDs during respiratory disease epidemics and pandemics.
Original languageEnglish
Article number45
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume17
Issue number1
Early online date2 Apr 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished online - 2 Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2024.

Keywords

  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • Emergency Department (ED)
  • Random Forest (RF)
  • Healthcare
  • Mechanical ventilation
  • Discrete-Event-Simulation (DES)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'An AI-based multiphase framework for improving the mechanical ventilation availability in emergency departments during respiratory disease seasons: a case study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this