Gold on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) stretchable conductors were prepared using a novelapproach by interlacing an hydrogenated amorphous carbon (a-C :H) layer between thedeposited metal layer and the elastomer. AFM analysis of the a-C :H ﬁlm surface before gold deposition shows nanoscale buckling, the corresponding increase in speciﬁc surface area corresponds to a strain compensation for the ﬁrst 4–6% of bi-axial tensile loading. Without this interlayer, the deposited gold ﬁlms show much smaller and uni-directional ripples as well as more cracks and delaminations. With a-C :H interlayer, the initial electrical resistivity of the metal ﬁlm decreases markedly (280-fold decrease to 8 × 10−6cm). This is not due to conduction within the carbon interlayer; both a-C :H/PDMS and PDMS substrates are electrically insulating. Upon cyclic tensile loading, both ﬁlms become more resistive, but return to their initial state after 20 tensile cycles up to 60% strain. Proﬁling experiments using secondary ion mass spectroscopy and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicate that the a-C :H layer intermixes with the PDMS, resulting in a graded layer of decreasing stiffness. We believe that both this graded layer and the surface buckling contribute to the observed improvement in the electrical performance of these stretchable conductors.