All Animals Learn , but Only Humans Teach: The Professional Place of Teacher Educators.

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The profession that creates all other professions has been subject to much debate in recent years. Largely invisible at times, teacher educators have recently been visible mainly in the negative headlines which have surrounded attempts to disrupt this important, but often unsung, profession in order to introduce neoliberal reforms. This paper uses both Eliot Freidson’s three logics (adding artificial intelligence as a fourth logic) and Clarke’s Place Model to deconstruct and map the contested place of the teacher educator in respect of status and career-long learning journey. The question, ‘who is my teacher education professional’? is addressed, highlighting the complexity surrounding teacher educators’ roles and realms. In a world where many animals learn but only humans teach, teaching teachers is poorly recognised for the singularly inclusive profession it might be.

Original languageEnglish
Article number192
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalEducation Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 22 Jul 2019


  • teacher educators; professionalism; place model
  • Teacher educators
  • Place model
  • Professionalism


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