Age variations in intraocular pressure in a cohort of healthy Austrian school children.

Wolfgang Dusek, BK Pierscionek, Julie McClelland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE:Limited data exist detailing the normal range of intraocular pressure (IOP) for healthy school age children. This study aims to describe the mean and normal range of IOP measurements that may be expected using the Icare rebound tonometer and to examine associations between visual function measures and IOP.METHODS:Six measurements of IOP from each eye were obtained from 211 normal children aged 6-15 years (79 females and 132 males) using the Icare tonometer. Other measures of visual function obtained included: visual acuity, non-cycloplegic retinoscopy, amplitude of accommodation, accommodative facility, and accommodative response.RESULTS:Statistical analysis (Mann-Whitney U test) demonstrated that the male subjects were more likely to have higher IOP measurements than the female subjects (mean IOP males 15.02 mm Hg (SD 2.19), mean IOP females 14.44 (SD 2.01) P=0.041). Analysis (Spearman's rho) showed a statistically significant association between age and IOP (right eye) in males (P
LanguageEnglish
Pages841-845
JournalEYE
Volume26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Mar 2012

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Intraocular Pressure
Reference Values
Retinoscopy
Nonparametric Statistics
Visual Acuity

Keywords

  • intraocular pressure
  • children
  • tonometry
  • Icare

Cite this

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title = "Age variations in intraocular pressure in a cohort of healthy Austrian school children.",
abstract = "PURPOSE:Limited data exist detailing the normal range of intraocular pressure (IOP) for healthy school age children. This study aims to describe the mean and normal range of IOP measurements that may be expected using the Icare rebound tonometer and to examine associations between visual function measures and IOP.METHODS:Six measurements of IOP from each eye were obtained from 211 normal children aged 6-15 years (79 females and 132 males) using the Icare tonometer. Other measures of visual function obtained included: visual acuity, non-cycloplegic retinoscopy, amplitude of accommodation, accommodative facility, and accommodative response.RESULTS:Statistical analysis (Mann-Whitney U test) demonstrated that the male subjects were more likely to have higher IOP measurements than the female subjects (mean IOP males 15.02 mm Hg (SD 2.19), mean IOP females 14.44 (SD 2.01) P=0.041). Analysis (Spearman's rho) showed a statistically significant association between age and IOP (right eye) in males (P",
keywords = "intraocular pressure, children, tonometry, Icare",
author = "Wolfgang Dusek and BK Pierscionek and Julie McClelland",
note = "Reference text: Biglan AW. Glaucoma in children: are we making progress? JAAPOS 2006; 10: 7–21. Carbonaro F, Andrew T, Mackey DA, Spector TD, Hammond CJ. Comparison of three methods of intraocular pressure measurement and their relation to central corneal thickness. Eye 2010; 24: 1165–1170. | Article | PubMed | ISI | Bhan A, Brown AC, Shah S, Hamilton R, Dave D, Dua HS. Effect of corneal thickness on intraocular pressure measurements with the pneumotonometer, Goldmann applantion tonometer, and Tono-Pen. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2002; 43: 1389–1392. | PubMed | ISI | Gunvant P, Newcomb RD, Kirstein EM, Malinovsky VE, Madonna RJ, Meetz RE. Measuring accurate IOPs: does correction factor help or hurt? Clin Ophthalmol 2010; 4: 611–616. | Article | PubMed | Kontiola AL. A new induction-based impact method for measuring intraocular pressure. Acta Ophthalmol Scand 2000; 78: 142–145. | Article | PubMed | ISI | CAS | Fernandes P, D{\'i}az-Rey JA, Queir{\'o}s A, Gonzalez-Meijome JM, Jorge J. Comparison of the ICare{\circledR} rebound tonometer with the Goldmann tonometer in a normal population. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2005; 25: 436–440. | Article | PubMed | Lundvall A, Svedberg H, Chen E. Application of the ICare rebound tonometer in healthy infants. J Glaucoma 2011; 20: 7–9. | Article | PubMed | Chan WH, Lloyd IC, Ashworth JL, May K, Bhojwani D, Biswas S. Measurement of intraocular pressure in children in the UK. Eye 2011; 25: 119–120. | Article | PubMed | Kageyama M, Hirooka K, Baba T, Shiraga F. Comparison of ICare rebound tonometer with noncontact tonometer in healthy children. J Glaucoma 2011; 20: 63–66. | Article | PubMed | Pakrou N, Gray T, Mills R, Landers J, Craig J. Clinical comparison of the Icare tonometer and Goldmann applanation tonometry. J Glaucoma 2008; 17: 43–47. | Article | PubMed | Jorge J, Fernandes P, Queir{\'o}s A, Ribeiro P, Garc{\^e}s C, Gonzalez-Meijome JM. Comparison of the IOPen and iCare rebound tonometers with the Goldmann tonometer in a normal population. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2010; 30: 108–112. | Article | PubMed | Asrani S, Chatterjee A, Wallace DK, Santiago-Turla C, Stinnett S. Evaluation of the ICare rebound tonometer as a home intraocular pressure monitoring device. J Glaucoma 2011; 20(2): 74–79. | Article | PubMed | Abraham LM, Epasinghe NCR, Selva D, Casson R. Comparison of the ICare{\circledR} rebound tonometer with the Goldmann applanation tonometer by experienced and inexperienced tonometrists. Eye 2008; 22: 503–506. | Article | PubMed | CAS | Sahin A, Basmak H, Niyaz L, Yildirim N. Reproducibility and tolerability of the ICare rebound tonometer in school children. J Glaucoma 2007; 16: 185–188. | Article | PubMed | Nakamura M, Darhad U, Tatsumi Y, Fujioka M, Kusuhara A, Maeda H et al. Agreement of rebound tonometer in measuring intraocular pressure with three types of applanation tonometers. Am J Ophthalmol 2006; 142: 332–334. | Article | PubMed | ISI | Richter S, Horn D, Bergknoff H. A survey of intraocular pressures with emphasis on patients under ten years of age. Am J Optom Physiol Opt 1979; 56: 193–196. | Article | PubMed | Duckman RH, Fitzgerald DE. Evaluation of intraocular pressure in a paediatric population. Optom Vis Sci 1992; 69: 705–709. | Article | PubMed | Pensiero S, Da Pozzo S, Perissutti P, Cavallini GM, Guerra R. Normal intraocular pressure in children. J Ped Ophthalmol Strabismus 1992; 29: 79–84. Bauman HE. Use of the polatest in practice. Ophthalmologica 1969; 158: 612–621. | Article | PubMed | Brautaset RL, Jennings JA. Associated phoria and the measuring and correcting methodology after H-J. Haase (MKH). Strabismus 2001; 9: 165–176. | Article | PubMed | Goss DA. Clinical accommodation testing. Curr Opin Ophthalmol 1992; 31: 78–82. | Article | Rutstein RP, Fuhr PD, Swiatocha J. Comparing the amplitude of accommodation determined objectively and subjectively. Optom Vis Sci 1993; 70: 496–500. | Article | PubMed | CAS | Chen AH, O'Leary DJ, Howell ER. Near visual function in young children. Part I: near point of convergence. Part II: amplitude of accommodation. Part III: near heterophoria. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2000; 20: 185–198. | Article | PubMed | Zellers JA, Alpert TL, Rouse MW. A review of the literature and a normative study of accommodative facility. J Am Optom Assoc 1984; 55: 31–37. | PubMed | Locke LC, Somers W. A comparison study of dynamic retinoscopy techniques. Optom Vis Sci 1989; 66: 540–544. | Article | PubMed | Youn DH, Yu YS, Park IW. Intraocular pressure and axial length in children. Korean J Ophthalmol 1990; 4: 26–29. | PubMed | Sihota R, Tuli D, Dada T, Gupta V, Sachdeva MM. Distribution and determinants of intraocular pressure in a normal pediatric population. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2006; 43: 14–18. | PubMed | Jaafar MS, Kazi GA. Normal intraocular pressure in children: a comparative study of the Perkins applanation tonometer and the pneumatonometer. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1993; 30: 284–287. | PubMed | Schacknow PN, Samples JN. The Glaucoma Book: A Practical, Evidence-Based Approach to Patient Care. 1st edn. Springer-Verlag Press: New York, 2010. Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator GroupBradfield YS, Melia BM, Repka MX, Kaminski BM, Davitt BV, Johnson DA et al. Central corneal thickness in children. Arch Ophthalmol 2011; 129: 1132–1138. | Article | PubMed |",
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Age variations in intraocular pressure in a cohort of healthy Austrian school children. / Dusek, Wolfgang; Pierscionek, BK; McClelland, Julie.

In: EYE, Vol. 26, 23.03.2012, p. 841-845.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Age variations in intraocular pressure in a cohort of healthy Austrian school children.

AU - Dusek, Wolfgang

AU - Pierscionek, BK

AU - McClelland, Julie

N1 - Reference text: Biglan AW. Glaucoma in children: are we making progress? JAAPOS 2006; 10: 7–21. Carbonaro F, Andrew T, Mackey DA, Spector TD, Hammond CJ. Comparison of three methods of intraocular pressure measurement and their relation to central corneal thickness. Eye 2010; 24: 1165–1170. | Article | PubMed | ISI | Bhan A, Brown AC, Shah S, Hamilton R, Dave D, Dua HS. Effect of corneal thickness on intraocular pressure measurements with the pneumotonometer, Goldmann applantion tonometer, and Tono-Pen. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2002; 43: 1389–1392. | PubMed | ISI | Gunvant P, Newcomb RD, Kirstein EM, Malinovsky VE, Madonna RJ, Meetz RE. Measuring accurate IOPs: does correction factor help or hurt? Clin Ophthalmol 2010; 4: 611–616. | Article | PubMed | Kontiola AL. A new induction-based impact method for measuring intraocular pressure. Acta Ophthalmol Scand 2000; 78: 142–145. | Article | PubMed | ISI | CAS | Fernandes P, Díaz-Rey JA, Queirós A, Gonzalez-Meijome JM, Jorge J. Comparison of the ICare® rebound tonometer with the Goldmann tonometer in a normal population. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2005; 25: 436–440. | Article | PubMed | Lundvall A, Svedberg H, Chen E. Application of the ICare rebound tonometer in healthy infants. J Glaucoma 2011; 20: 7–9. | Article | PubMed | Chan WH, Lloyd IC, Ashworth JL, May K, Bhojwani D, Biswas S. Measurement of intraocular pressure in children in the UK. Eye 2011; 25: 119–120. | Article | PubMed | Kageyama M, Hirooka K, Baba T, Shiraga F. Comparison of ICare rebound tonometer with noncontact tonometer in healthy children. J Glaucoma 2011; 20: 63–66. | Article | PubMed | Pakrou N, Gray T, Mills R, Landers J, Craig J. Clinical comparison of the Icare tonometer and Goldmann applanation tonometry. J Glaucoma 2008; 17: 43–47. | Article | PubMed | Jorge J, Fernandes P, Queirós A, Ribeiro P, Garcês C, Gonzalez-Meijome JM. Comparison of the IOPen and iCare rebound tonometers with the Goldmann tonometer in a normal population. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2010; 30: 108–112. | Article | PubMed | Asrani S, Chatterjee A, Wallace DK, Santiago-Turla C, Stinnett S. Evaluation of the ICare rebound tonometer as a home intraocular pressure monitoring device. J Glaucoma 2011; 20(2): 74–79. | Article | PubMed | Abraham LM, Epasinghe NCR, Selva D, Casson R. Comparison of the ICare® rebound tonometer with the Goldmann applanation tonometer by experienced and inexperienced tonometrists. Eye 2008; 22: 503–506. | Article | PubMed | CAS | Sahin A, Basmak H, Niyaz L, Yildirim N. Reproducibility and tolerability of the ICare rebound tonometer in school children. J Glaucoma 2007; 16: 185–188. | Article | PubMed | Nakamura M, Darhad U, Tatsumi Y, Fujioka M, Kusuhara A, Maeda H et al. Agreement of rebound tonometer in measuring intraocular pressure with three types of applanation tonometers. Am J Ophthalmol 2006; 142: 332–334. | Article | PubMed | ISI | Richter S, Horn D, Bergknoff H. A survey of intraocular pressures with emphasis on patients under ten years of age. Am J Optom Physiol Opt 1979; 56: 193–196. | Article | PubMed | Duckman RH, Fitzgerald DE. Evaluation of intraocular pressure in a paediatric population. Optom Vis Sci 1992; 69: 705–709. | Article | PubMed | Pensiero S, Da Pozzo S, Perissutti P, Cavallini GM, Guerra R. Normal intraocular pressure in children. J Ped Ophthalmol Strabismus 1992; 29: 79–84. Bauman HE. Use of the polatest in practice. Ophthalmologica 1969; 158: 612–621. | Article | PubMed | Brautaset RL, Jennings JA. Associated phoria and the measuring and correcting methodology after H-J. Haase (MKH). Strabismus 2001; 9: 165–176. | Article | PubMed | Goss DA. Clinical accommodation testing. Curr Opin Ophthalmol 1992; 31: 78–82. | Article | Rutstein RP, Fuhr PD, Swiatocha J. Comparing the amplitude of accommodation determined objectively and subjectively. Optom Vis Sci 1993; 70: 496–500. | Article | PubMed | CAS | Chen AH, O'Leary DJ, Howell ER. Near visual function in young children. Part I: near point of convergence. Part II: amplitude of accommodation. Part III: near heterophoria. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2000; 20: 185–198. | Article | PubMed | Zellers JA, Alpert TL, Rouse MW. A review of the literature and a normative study of accommodative facility. J Am Optom Assoc 1984; 55: 31–37. | PubMed | Locke LC, Somers W. A comparison study of dynamic retinoscopy techniques. Optom Vis Sci 1989; 66: 540–544. | Article | PubMed | Youn DH, Yu YS, Park IW. Intraocular pressure and axial length in children. Korean J Ophthalmol 1990; 4: 26–29. | PubMed | Sihota R, Tuli D, Dada T, Gupta V, Sachdeva MM. Distribution and determinants of intraocular pressure in a normal pediatric population. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2006; 43: 14–18. | PubMed | Jaafar MS, Kazi GA. Normal intraocular pressure in children: a comparative study of the Perkins applanation tonometer and the pneumatonometer. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1993; 30: 284–287. | PubMed | Schacknow PN, Samples JN. The Glaucoma Book: A Practical, Evidence-Based Approach to Patient Care. 1st edn. Springer-Verlag Press: New York, 2010. Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator GroupBradfield YS, Melia BM, Repka MX, Kaminski BM, Davitt BV, Johnson DA et al. Central corneal thickness in children. Arch Ophthalmol 2011; 129: 1132–1138. | Article | PubMed |

PY - 2012/3/23

Y1 - 2012/3/23

N2 - PURPOSE:Limited data exist detailing the normal range of intraocular pressure (IOP) for healthy school age children. This study aims to describe the mean and normal range of IOP measurements that may be expected using the Icare rebound tonometer and to examine associations between visual function measures and IOP.METHODS:Six measurements of IOP from each eye were obtained from 211 normal children aged 6-15 years (79 females and 132 males) using the Icare tonometer. Other measures of visual function obtained included: visual acuity, non-cycloplegic retinoscopy, amplitude of accommodation, accommodative facility, and accommodative response.RESULTS:Statistical analysis (Mann-Whitney U test) demonstrated that the male subjects were more likely to have higher IOP measurements than the female subjects (mean IOP males 15.02 mm Hg (SD 2.19), mean IOP females 14.44 (SD 2.01) P=0.041). Analysis (Spearman's rho) showed a statistically significant association between age and IOP (right eye) in males (P

AB - PURPOSE:Limited data exist detailing the normal range of intraocular pressure (IOP) for healthy school age children. This study aims to describe the mean and normal range of IOP measurements that may be expected using the Icare rebound tonometer and to examine associations between visual function measures and IOP.METHODS:Six measurements of IOP from each eye were obtained from 211 normal children aged 6-15 years (79 females and 132 males) using the Icare tonometer. Other measures of visual function obtained included: visual acuity, non-cycloplegic retinoscopy, amplitude of accommodation, accommodative facility, and accommodative response.RESULTS:Statistical analysis (Mann-Whitney U test) demonstrated that the male subjects were more likely to have higher IOP measurements than the female subjects (mean IOP males 15.02 mm Hg (SD 2.19), mean IOP females 14.44 (SD 2.01) P=0.041). Analysis (Spearman's rho) showed a statistically significant association between age and IOP (right eye) in males (P

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KW - children

KW - tonometry

KW - Icare

U2 - 10.1038/eye.2012.54

DO - 10.1038/eye.2012.54

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 841

EP - 845

JO - EYE

T2 - EYE

JF - EYE

SN - 0950-222X

ER -