Prostate cancer is one of the most common health hazards for men worldwide, specifically in Western countries. Rapid prostate cancer screening by analyzing the prostate-specific antigen present in male serum has brought about a sharp decline in the mortality index of this disease. Immunoassay technology quantifies the target analyte in the sample using the antigen-antibody reaction. Immunoassays are now pivotal in disease diagnostics, drug monitoring, and pharmacokinetics. Recently, immunosensors have gained momentum in delivering better results with high specificity and lower limit of detection (LOD). Nanomaterials like gold, silver, and copper exhibit numerous exceptional features and their use in developing immunosensors have garnered excellent results in the diagnostic field. This review highlights the recent and different immunoassay techniques used to detect prostate-specific antigens and discusses the advances in nanomaterial-based immunosensors to detect prostate cancer efficiently. The review also explores the importance of specific biomarkers and nanomaterials-based biosensors with good selectivity and sensitivity to prostate cancer.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
G. A. Naikoo, I. U. Hassan acknowledge the support provided by the Dhofar University, Salalah, Oman.
© 2022 The Authors
Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.. All rights reserved.
- Metallic nanomaterials
- Prostate-specific antigen
- Prostate cancer
- Early Detection of Cancer
- Biosensing Techniques/methods
- Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnosis
- Electrochemical Techniques/methods