Advancement of a Conceptual Framework for Positional Competition in Sport: Development and Validation of the Positional Competition in Team Sports Questionnaire

Sebastian Harenberg, Harold A. Riemer, Kim D. Dorsch, Erwin Karreman, Kyle F. Paradis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The aim of the present study was to: a) present a conceptual framework to further the understanding of positional competition (i.e., the competition for playing time), and b) present the development and validation process of the Positional Competition in Team Sports Questionnaire (PCTSQ). A conceptual framework representing the inputs, mediators, and outputs of positional competition is proposed. The development of the PCTSQ was conducted over four stages (i.e., item generation, preliminary item analysis, scale refinement using CFA and ESEM, estimation of validity and reliability). The PCTSQ is a novel scale
to assess positional competition for playing time in team sport.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Applied Sport Psychology
Early online date20 Jun 2019
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2019


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