Adaptive vs. Non-Adaptive Strategies for the Computation of Optical Flow

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Confident adaptive algorithms are described, evaluated,and compared with other algorithms that implement the estimationof motion. A Galerkin finite element adaptive approach isdescribed for computing optical flow, which uses an adaptive triangularmesh in which the resolution increases where motion is found tooccur. The mesh facilitates a reduction in computational effort by enablingprocessing to focus on particular objects of interest in a scene.Compared with other state-of-the-art methods in the literature ouradaptive methods show only motion where main movement is knownto occur, indicating a methodological improvement. The mesh refinement,based on detected motion, gives an alternative to methodsreported in the literature, where the adaptation is usually based on agradient intensity measure. A confidence is calculated for the detectedmotion and if this measure passes the threshold then themotion is used in the adaptive mesh refinement process. The idea ofusing the reliability hypothesis test is straightforward. The incorporationof the confidence serves the purpose of increasing the opticalflow determination reliability. Generally, the confident flow seemsmost consistent, accurate and efficient, and focuses on the mainmoving objects within the image.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-50
JournalInternational Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sep 2006


  • adaptive grids
  • confidence measures
  • finite element methods
  • optical flow


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