Acupuncture and Reflexology for Insomnia: A Feasibility Study

Ciara M Hughes, Carey A McCullough, Ian Bradbury, Carol Boyde, Diane Hume, Jiang Yuan, Fionnuala Quinn, Suzanne M McDonough

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of patient recruitment and retention, logistics of intervention and outcome measure sensitivity for a study designed to investigate the use of acupuncture and reflexology for the management of insomnia. Design: Feasibility study for a randomised controlled trial. Setting: University of Ulster Clinic. Patients: Thirteen participants with sleep disturbances. Interventions: Participants were randomised to receive one of three treatments, either: acupuncture (n = 5), reflexology (n = 4) or music therapy (n = 4). These treatments were administered six times over a 3-week period. Main outcome measures: The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Short Form 36 version 2 (SF-36v2) were recorded at baseline, post-treatment and follow-up. Each participant also completed a Sleep Diary. RESULTS: Ten participants completed treatment. In the acupuncture and reflexology groups, a clinically relevant improvement in two out of three participants was observed on the PSQI following treatment. Music therapy produced no clinically important improvements. This study has demonstrated the feasibility of conducting an RCT on the effect of acupuncture and reflexology in primary insomnia using PSQI as the primary outcome measure. Modifications for a more rigorous study design have been discussed. Results from such a study would address the lack of high-quality evidence for the effectiveness of such therapies.
LanguageEnglish
Pages163-168
JournalAcupuncture in Medicine
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

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Massage
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
Feasibility Studies
Acupuncture
Sleep
Music Therapy
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Acupuncture Therapy
Therapeutics
Patient Selection
Randomized Controlled Trials

Cite this

Hughes, Ciara M ; McCullough, Carey A ; Bradbury, Ian ; Boyde, Carol ; Hume, Diane ; Yuan, Jiang ; Quinn, Fionnuala ; McDonough, Suzanne M. / Acupuncture and Reflexology for Insomnia: A Feasibility Study. In: Acupuncture in Medicine. 2009 ; Vol. 27, No. 4. pp. 163-168.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of patient recruitment and retention, logistics of intervention and outcome measure sensitivity for a study designed to investigate the use of acupuncture and reflexology for the management of insomnia. Design: Feasibility study for a randomised controlled trial. Setting: University of Ulster Clinic. Patients: Thirteen participants with sleep disturbances. Interventions: Participants were randomised to receive one of three treatments, either: acupuncture (n = 5), reflexology (n = 4) or music therapy (n = 4). These treatments were administered six times over a 3-week period. Main outcome measures: The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Short Form 36 version 2 (SF-36v2) were recorded at baseline, post-treatment and follow-up. Each participant also completed a Sleep Diary. RESULTS: Ten participants completed treatment. In the acupuncture and reflexology groups, a clinically relevant improvement in two out of three participants was observed on the PSQI following treatment. Music therapy produced no clinically important improvements. This study has demonstrated the feasibility of conducting an RCT on the effect of acupuncture and reflexology in primary insomnia using PSQI as the primary outcome measure. Modifications for a more rigorous study design have been discussed. Results from such a study would address the lack of high-quality evidence for the effectiveness of such therapies.",
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Hughes, CM, McCullough, CA, Bradbury, I, Boyde, C, Hume, D, Yuan, J, Quinn, F & McDonough, SM 2009, 'Acupuncture and Reflexology for Insomnia: A Feasibility Study', Acupuncture in Medicine, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 163-168. https://doi.org/10.1136/aim.2009.000760

Acupuncture and Reflexology for Insomnia: A Feasibility Study. / Hughes, Ciara M; McCullough, Carey A; Bradbury, Ian; Boyde, Carol; Hume, Diane; Yuan, Jiang; Quinn, Fionnuala; McDonough, Suzanne M.

In: Acupuncture in Medicine, Vol. 27, No. 4, 12.2009, p. 163-168.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Hughes CM, McCullough CA, Bradbury I, Boyde C, Hume D, Yuan J et al. Acupuncture and Reflexology for Insomnia: A Feasibility Study. Acupuncture in Medicine. 2009 Dec;27(4):163-168. https://doi.org/10.1136/aim.2009.000760