Academic Entrepreneurship on the Island of Ireland: Re-orientating academia within the knowledge economy.

M Brennan, P McGovern, P McGowan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of the paper is to profile the current practice andunderstanding of entrepreneurship in the context of academicinstitutions on the island of Ireland. A qualitative, sense-makingmethodology is used involving a purposeful sampling of perceptionsfrom staff at academic institutions in the Republic of Irelandand Northern Ireland. First, the concept of academic entrepreneurshipis explored both from an individual and from a corporateperspective. Second, comparative evidence of academic entrepreneurshipis presented to highlight significant differences betweenthe Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Recent contrastingpolicy differences are also identified. Third, a profile of the currentstate of academic entrepreneurship in Ireland is presented. Thediscussion then explores the main findings of the exercise andimplications in terms of how academic institutions best engage withentrepreneurship.
LanguageEnglish
Pages51-77
JournalIrish Journal of Management
Volume28
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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knowledge economy
entrepreneurship
Ireland
republic
staff
evidence

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@article{44dc9bc6dff04bebae7dc72b989bc5a8,
title = "Academic Entrepreneurship on the Island of Ireland: Re-orientating academia within the knowledge economy.",
abstract = "The aim of the paper is to profile the current practice andunderstanding of entrepreneurship in the context of academicinstitutions on the island of Ireland. A qualitative, sense-makingmethodology is used involving a purposeful sampling of perceptionsfrom staff at academic institutions in the Republic of Irelandand Northern Ireland. First, the concept of academic entrepreneurshipis explored both from an individual and from a corporateperspective. Second, comparative evidence of academic entrepreneurshipis presented to highlight significant differences betweenthe Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Recent contrastingpolicy differences are also identified. Third, a profile of the currentstate of academic entrepreneurship in Ireland is presented. Thediscussion then explores the main findings of the exercise andimplications in terms of how academic institutions best engage withentrepreneurship.",
author = "M Brennan and P McGovern and P McGowan",
note = "Reference text: Birley, S. (2002) ‘Universities, Academics, and Spinout Companies: Lessons from Imperial’, International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, Vol. 1, No.1, pp. 133–153. Blair, D. (1999) University Spin-Outs: A Driving Force in the Northern Ireland Economy, Belfast: The Queen’s University and the University of Ulster. Brennan, M.C. and McGowan, P. (2006) ‘Academic Entrepreneurship: A Case Study’, International Journal of Entrepreneurship Behaviour and Research, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 144–164. Brennan, M.C., Wall, A.P. and McGowan, P. (2005) ‘Academic Entrepreneurship: Assessing Preferences in Nascent Entrepreneurs’, Journal of Small Business & Enterprise Development, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 307–322. 74 Academy Entrepreneurship on the Island of Ireland Burgelman, R. (1984) ‘Managing the Internal Corporate Venturing Process’, Sloan Management Review, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 33–48. Clark, B. (1998) Creating Entrepreneurial Universities, Oxford: Pergamon. Cooper, S. (2000) ‘Technical Entrepreneurship’, in S. Carter and D. Jones-Evans (eds), Enterprise and Small Business, Harlow: Pearson. Dess, G.G., Ireland, R.D., Zahra, S.A., Floyd, S.W., Janney, J.J. and Lane, P.J. (2003) ‘Emerging Issues in Corporate Entrepreneurship’, Journal of Management, Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 351–378. DfES (Department for Education and Skills) (2003) The Future of Higher Education, Norwich: HMSO. Dickson, K., Coles, A. and Smith, H. (1998) ‘Science in the Market Place: The Role of the Scientific Entrepreneur’, in W. During and R. Oakey (eds), New Technology Based Firms in the 1990s, London: Paul Chapman. Enterprise Strategy Group (2004) Ahead of the Curve: Ireland’s Place in the Global Economy, Dublin: Forf{\'a}s. ERINI (2004) A Response to ‘Higher Education in Northern Ireland’, Belfast: Economic Research Council of Northern Ireland. Etzkowitz, H. (2003a) ‘The European Entrepreneurial University: An Alternative to the US Model’, Industry and Higher Education, October 2003, pp. 325–335. Etzkowitz, H. (2003b) ‘Research Groups as “Quasi-Firms”: The Invention of the Entrepreneurial University’, Research Policy, Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 109–121. Expertiseireland (2005) The Island’s Knowledge Portal, available at: <http://www.expertiseireland.com> [accessed June 2005]. Fitzsimons, P., Hart, M. and McGloin, E. (2004) Entrepreneurship on the Island of Ireland 2003, Newry: InterTradeIreland. Gibbons, M., Limoges, C., Nowotny, H., Schwartzman, S., Scott, P. and Trow, M. (1994) The New Production of Knowledge, London: Sage. Guth, W.D. and Ginsberg, A. (1990) ‘Corporate Entrepreneurship’, Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 11, No. 5, pp. 5–15. THE I R I S H JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT 75 Henry, C., Hill, F. and Leitch, C. (2003) Entrepreneurship Education and Training, Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing. Hytti, U. and Kuopusjarvi, P. (2004) Evaluating and Measuring Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Education, Turku: Small Business Institute. InterTradeIreland (2004) All-Island Directory of Information Sources, Newry: InterTradeIreland. Jones-Evans, D. (1997) ‘Universities, Technology Transfer and Spin-off Activities: Academic Entrepreneurship in Different European Regions’, Targeted Socio-Economic Research Project No. 1042, University of Glamorgan. Kao, R.W., Kao, K.R. and Kao, R.R. (2002) Entrepreneurism: A Philosophy and Sensible Alternative to the Market Economy, London: Imperial College Press. Lambert, R. (2003) Business–University Collaboration, Norwich: HMSO. Meyer, M. (2003) ‘Academic Entrepreneurs or Entrepreneurial Academics’, R&D Management, Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 107–115. Miles, M.P. and Covin, J.G. (2002) ‘Exploring the Practice of Corporate Venturing: Some Common Forms and Their Organisational Implications’, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 21–40. Neck, H.M., Meyer, G.D., Cohen, B. and Corbett, A.C. (2004) ‘An Entrepreneurial System View of New Venture Creation’, Journal of Small Business Management, Vol. 42, No. 2, pp. 190–208. Pinchot, G. (1986) Intrapreneuring, New York, NY: Harper & Row. Rothwell, R. (1992) ‘Successful Industrial Innovation: Critical Success Factors for the 1990s’, R&D Management, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 221–239. Shane, S. (2004) Academic Entrepreneurship, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. Sharma, P. and Chrisman, J.J. (1999) ‘Towards a Reconciliation of the Definitional Issues in the Field of Corporate Entrepreneurship’, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 11–27. 76 Academy Entrepreneurship on the Island of Ireland Skilbeck, M. (2001) The University Challenged: A Review of International Trends and Issues with Particular Reference to Ireland, Dublin: Higher Education Authority. Tidd, J., Bessant, J. and Pavitt, K. (2005) Managing Innovation, Chichester: Wiley. Weick, K.E. (1995) Sensemaking in Organisations, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.",
year = "2007",
language = "English",
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}

Academic Entrepreneurship on the Island of Ireland: Re-orientating academia within the knowledge economy. / Brennan, M; McGovern, P; McGowan, P.

Vol. 28, No. 2, 2007, p. 51-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Academic Entrepreneurship on the Island of Ireland: Re-orientating academia within the knowledge economy.

AU - Brennan, M

AU - McGovern, P

AU - McGowan, P

N1 - Reference text: Birley, S. (2002) ‘Universities, Academics, and Spinout Companies: Lessons from Imperial’, International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, Vol. 1, No.1, pp. 133–153. Blair, D. (1999) University Spin-Outs: A Driving Force in the Northern Ireland Economy, Belfast: The Queen’s University and the University of Ulster. Brennan, M.C. and McGowan, P. (2006) ‘Academic Entrepreneurship: A Case Study’, International Journal of Entrepreneurship Behaviour and Research, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 144–164. Brennan, M.C., Wall, A.P. and McGowan, P. (2005) ‘Academic Entrepreneurship: Assessing Preferences in Nascent Entrepreneurs’, Journal of Small Business & Enterprise Development, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 307–322. 74 Academy Entrepreneurship on the Island of Ireland Burgelman, R. (1984) ‘Managing the Internal Corporate Venturing Process’, Sloan Management Review, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 33–48. Clark, B. (1998) Creating Entrepreneurial Universities, Oxford: Pergamon. Cooper, S. (2000) ‘Technical Entrepreneurship’, in S. Carter and D. Jones-Evans (eds), Enterprise and Small Business, Harlow: Pearson. Dess, G.G., Ireland, R.D., Zahra, S.A., Floyd, S.W., Janney, J.J. and Lane, P.J. (2003) ‘Emerging Issues in Corporate Entrepreneurship’, Journal of Management, Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 351–378. DfES (Department for Education and Skills) (2003) The Future of Higher Education, Norwich: HMSO. Dickson, K., Coles, A. and Smith, H. (1998) ‘Science in the Market Place: The Role of the Scientific Entrepreneur’, in W. During and R. Oakey (eds), New Technology Based Firms in the 1990s, London: Paul Chapman. Enterprise Strategy Group (2004) Ahead of the Curve: Ireland’s Place in the Global Economy, Dublin: Forfás. ERINI (2004) A Response to ‘Higher Education in Northern Ireland’, Belfast: Economic Research Council of Northern Ireland. Etzkowitz, H. (2003a) ‘The European Entrepreneurial University: An Alternative to the US Model’, Industry and Higher Education, October 2003, pp. 325–335. Etzkowitz, H. (2003b) ‘Research Groups as “Quasi-Firms”: The Invention of the Entrepreneurial University’, Research Policy, Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 109–121. Expertiseireland (2005) The Island’s Knowledge Portal, available at: <http://www.expertiseireland.com> [accessed June 2005]. Fitzsimons, P., Hart, M. and McGloin, E. (2004) Entrepreneurship on the Island of Ireland 2003, Newry: InterTradeIreland. Gibbons, M., Limoges, C., Nowotny, H., Schwartzman, S., Scott, P. and Trow, M. (1994) The New Production of Knowledge, London: Sage. Guth, W.D. and Ginsberg, A. (1990) ‘Corporate Entrepreneurship’, Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 11, No. 5, pp. 5–15. THE I R I S H JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT 75 Henry, C., Hill, F. and Leitch, C. (2003) Entrepreneurship Education and Training, Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing. Hytti, U. and Kuopusjarvi, P. (2004) Evaluating and Measuring Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Education, Turku: Small Business Institute. InterTradeIreland (2004) All-Island Directory of Information Sources, Newry: InterTradeIreland. Jones-Evans, D. (1997) ‘Universities, Technology Transfer and Spin-off Activities: Academic Entrepreneurship in Different European Regions’, Targeted Socio-Economic Research Project No. 1042, University of Glamorgan. Kao, R.W., Kao, K.R. and Kao, R.R. (2002) Entrepreneurism: A Philosophy and Sensible Alternative to the Market Economy, London: Imperial College Press. Lambert, R. (2003) Business–University Collaboration, Norwich: HMSO. Meyer, M. (2003) ‘Academic Entrepreneurs or Entrepreneurial Academics’, R&D Management, Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 107–115. Miles, M.P. and Covin, J.G. (2002) ‘Exploring the Practice of Corporate Venturing: Some Common Forms and Their Organisational Implications’, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 21–40. Neck, H.M., Meyer, G.D., Cohen, B. and Corbett, A.C. (2004) ‘An Entrepreneurial System View of New Venture Creation’, Journal of Small Business Management, Vol. 42, No. 2, pp. 190–208. Pinchot, G. (1986) Intrapreneuring, New York, NY: Harper & Row. Rothwell, R. (1992) ‘Successful Industrial Innovation: Critical Success Factors for the 1990s’, R&D Management, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 221–239. Shane, S. (2004) Academic Entrepreneurship, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. Sharma, P. and Chrisman, J.J. (1999) ‘Towards a Reconciliation of the Definitional Issues in the Field of Corporate Entrepreneurship’, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 11–27. 76 Academy Entrepreneurship on the Island of Ireland Skilbeck, M. (2001) The University Challenged: A Review of International Trends and Issues with Particular Reference to Ireland, Dublin: Higher Education Authority. Tidd, J., Bessant, J. and Pavitt, K. (2005) Managing Innovation, Chichester: Wiley. Weick, K.E. (1995) Sensemaking in Organisations, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

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AB - The aim of the paper is to profile the current practice andunderstanding of entrepreneurship in the context of academicinstitutions on the island of Ireland. A qualitative, sense-makingmethodology is used involving a purposeful sampling of perceptionsfrom staff at academic institutions in the Republic of Irelandand Northern Ireland. First, the concept of academic entrepreneurshipis explored both from an individual and from a corporateperspective. Second, comparative evidence of academic entrepreneurshipis presented to highlight significant differences betweenthe Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Recent contrastingpolicy differences are also identified. Third, a profile of the currentstate of academic entrepreneurship in Ireland is presented. Thediscussion then explores the main findings of the exercise andimplications in terms of how academic institutions best engage withentrepreneurship.

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