Absorption enhanced reforming of lignite integrated with molten carbonate fuel cell

YD Wang, Ye Huang, D McIlveen-Wright, Neil Hewitt, P Eames, S Rezvani, J McMullan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A technical-economic assessment of an innovative system which integrates absorption enhanced reforming (AER) of lignite with molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) for electricity generation is investigated using the ECLIPSE process simulator.The simulation results show that the proposed system of combining AER with MCFC has the electricity output of 206 kW, with the electrical efficiency of 44.7% (low heating value – LHV) and CO2 emissions of 751 g/kW h, when fuelled with lignite. The system has a specific investment (SI) of £11 642 and a break even electricity selling price (BESP) 21 p/kW e, compared to the SI of £10 477 and the BESP of 19 p/kW e for the basic case of MCFC fuelled with natural gas.A sensitivity analysis of the break even selling price (BESP) of electricity and the specific investment (SI) versus the capital cost show that capital costs have a significant effect on BESP and SI. Based on the basic case of capital cost of £2 398 000, when the capital cost of the system reduces 50%, the relevant BESP lowers down to 10.8 p/kW e, the SI also reduces by 50%, to £5864/kW e.A sensitivity analysis of fuel cost versus BESP show that the fuel cost has a little effect on BESP. For the basic case of the system with the cost of lignite £20/ton, the BESP is 21.1 p/kW e. While the fuel cost reduces by 50%, to £10/ton, the BESP lower down to 20.9 p/kW e, only reduces 0.2 p/kW e, the change is 0.9%.Although the BESP and SI are high for the AER + MCFC system, there are no nitrogen oxides (NOx) and sulphur oxides (SOx) emissions from the system; the CO2 gas stream produced in the AER process is suitable for subsequent sequestration. Thus the combination system may become a power generation with zero greenhouse gas emissions.
LanguageEnglish
Pages2133-2140
JournalFuel
Volume85
Issue number14-15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2006

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Molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC)
Coal
Lignite
Reforming reactions
Electricity
Sales
Costs
Sensitivity analysis
Nitrogen Oxides
Nitrogen oxides
Gas emissions
Sulfur
Greenhouse gases
Oxides
Power generation
Natural gas

Cite this

Wang, YD., Huang, Y., McIlveen-Wright, D., Hewitt, N., Eames, P., Rezvani, S., & McMullan, J. (2006). Absorption enhanced reforming of lignite integrated with molten carbonate fuel cell. Fuel, 85(14-15), 2133-2140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2006.03.019
Wang, YD ; Huang, Ye ; McIlveen-Wright, D ; Hewitt, Neil ; Eames, P ; Rezvani, S ; McMullan, J. / Absorption enhanced reforming of lignite integrated with molten carbonate fuel cell. In: Fuel. 2006 ; Vol. 85, No. 14-15. pp. 2133-2140.
@article{907543dbcca04f29821d1bc5256ac3a1,
title = "Absorption enhanced reforming of lignite integrated with molten carbonate fuel cell",
abstract = "A technical-economic assessment of an innovative system which integrates absorption enhanced reforming (AER) of lignite with molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) for electricity generation is investigated using the ECLIPSE process simulator.The simulation results show that the proposed system of combining AER with MCFC has the electricity output of 206 kW, with the electrical efficiency of 44.7{\%} (low heating value – LHV) and CO2 emissions of 751 g/kW h, when fuelled with lignite. The system has a specific investment (SI) of £11 642 and a break even electricity selling price (BESP) 21 p/kW e, compared to the SI of £10 477 and the BESP of 19 p/kW e for the basic case of MCFC fuelled with natural gas.A sensitivity analysis of the break even selling price (BESP) of electricity and the specific investment (SI) versus the capital cost show that capital costs have a significant effect on BESP and SI. Based on the basic case of capital cost of £2 398 000, when the capital cost of the system reduces 50{\%}, the relevant BESP lowers down to 10.8 p/kW e, the SI also reduces by 50{\%}, to £5864/kW e.A sensitivity analysis of fuel cost versus BESP show that the fuel cost has a little effect on BESP. For the basic case of the system with the cost of lignite £20/ton, the BESP is 21.1 p/kW e. While the fuel cost reduces by 50{\%}, to £10/ton, the BESP lower down to 20.9 p/kW e, only reduces 0.2 p/kW e, the change is 0.9{\%}.Although the BESP and SI are high for the AER + MCFC system, there are no nitrogen oxides (NOx) and sulphur oxides (SOx) emissions from the system; the CO2 gas stream produced in the AER process is suitable for subsequent sequestration. Thus the combination system may become a power generation with zero greenhouse gas emissions.",
author = "YD Wang and Ye Huang and D McIlveen-Wright and Neil Hewitt and P Eames and S Rezvani and J McMullan",
note = "Reference text: [1] J.P. Longwell, E.S. Rubint and J. Wilso, Coal: energy for the future, Prog Energy Combust Sci 21 (1995), pp. 269–360. Article | PDF (8876 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (49) [2] World Coal Institute, The Role of Coal as an Energy Source, 2005. Available from: http://www.worldcoal.org/assets_cm/files/PDF/role_of_coal_as_an_energy_source.pdf. [3] World Coal Institute, Coal: Secure Energy, 2005. Available from: http://www.worldcoal.org/assets_cm/files/PDF/wci_coal_secure_energy_2005.pdf. [4] British Petrolium, Statistical Review of World Energy, 2005. Available from: http://www.bp.com/genericsection.do?categoryId=92&contentId=7005893. [5] International Energy Agency, Coal Information (2003 ed.), 2003. [6] International Energy Agency, World Coal Market 2003. Available from: http://www.iea.org/Textbase/nppdf/free/2004/coal2004_selection.pdf. [7] A. Boudghene Stambouli and E. Traversa, Fuel cells, an alternative to standard sources of energy, Renew Sustain Energy Rev (6) (2002), pp. 297–306. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (40) [8] Specht M, Bandi A, Baumgart F, Moellenstedt T, Textor O, Weimer T. Enhanced reforming reaction for hydrogen production from carbonaceous feedstock. In: Mao ZQ, Veziroglu TN, editors. Hydrogen energy progress XIII, 2000. p. 1203. [9] Bandi Andreas, Specht Michael, Sichler Peter, Nicoloso Norbert. In situ gas conditioning in fuel reforming for hydrogen generation. Symposium on hot gas cleaning, Morgantown, West Virginia, 2002. Available from: http://www.zsw-bw.de/en/docs/research/REG/pdfs/REG_5th_ISGC_2002.pdf. [10] Siddle A, Pointon KD, Judd RW, Jones SL. Fuel processing for fuel cells – a status review and assessment of prospects. ETSU F/03/00252/REP, URN 031644, 2003. [11] Williams BC. The development of the ECLIPSE simulator and its application to the techno-economic assessment of clean fossil fuel power generation systems, DPhil Thesis, Energy Research Centre, University of Ulster, Coleraine, NI, 1994. [12] B.C. Williams and J.T. McMullan, Int J Energy Res 18 (2) (1994), p. 117. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (11) [13] B.C. Williams and J.T. McMullan, Techno-economic analysis of fuel conversion and power generation systems – the development of a portable chemical process simulator with capital cost and economic analysis capabilities, Int J Energy Res 20 (2) (1996), pp. 125–142. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (25) [14] B.C. Willams and J.T. McMullan In: Imariso and Bemtgen, Editors, Progress in synthetic fuels, Graham and Trotman, London (1988), pp. 183–189. [15] ECLIPSE Process Simulator, Energy Research Centre, University of Ulster, Jordanstown, NI, 1992. [16] Brenna, Siobhan. Fuel cell optimisation studies, PhD Thesis, University of Ulster, 1997. [17] Shipley AM, Elliott RN. Stationary fuel cells: future promise, current hype, Report Number IE041, March 2004, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy. Available from: www.aceee.org. [18] D. McIlveen-Wright and D.J. Guiney, Wood-fired fuel cells in an isolated community, J Power Sources 106 (2002), pp. 93–101. Article | PDF (696 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (9)",
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Wang, YD, Huang, Y, McIlveen-Wright, D, Hewitt, N, Eames, P, Rezvani, S & McMullan, J 2006, 'Absorption enhanced reforming of lignite integrated with molten carbonate fuel cell', Fuel, vol. 85, no. 14-15, pp. 2133-2140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2006.03.019

Absorption enhanced reforming of lignite integrated with molten carbonate fuel cell. / Wang, YD; Huang, Ye; McIlveen-Wright, D; Hewitt, Neil; Eames, P; Rezvani, S; McMullan, J.

In: Fuel, Vol. 85, No. 14-15, 10.2006, p. 2133-2140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Absorption enhanced reforming of lignite integrated with molten carbonate fuel cell

AU - Wang, YD

AU - Huang, Ye

AU - McIlveen-Wright, D

AU - Hewitt, Neil

AU - Eames, P

AU - Rezvani, S

AU - McMullan, J

N1 - Reference text: [1] J.P. Longwell, E.S. Rubint and J. Wilso, Coal: energy for the future, Prog Energy Combust Sci 21 (1995), pp. 269–360. Article | PDF (8876 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (49) [2] World Coal Institute, The Role of Coal as an Energy Source, 2005. Available from: http://www.worldcoal.org/assets_cm/files/PDF/role_of_coal_as_an_energy_source.pdf. [3] World Coal Institute, Coal: Secure Energy, 2005. Available from: http://www.worldcoal.org/assets_cm/files/PDF/wci_coal_secure_energy_2005.pdf. [4] British Petrolium, Statistical Review of World Energy, 2005. Available from: http://www.bp.com/genericsection.do?categoryId=92&contentId=7005893. [5] International Energy Agency, Coal Information (2003 ed.), 2003. [6] International Energy Agency, World Coal Market 2003. Available from: http://www.iea.org/Textbase/nppdf/free/2004/coal2004_selection.pdf. [7] A. Boudghene Stambouli and E. Traversa, Fuel cells, an alternative to standard sources of energy, Renew Sustain Energy Rev (6) (2002), pp. 297–306. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (40) [8] Specht M, Bandi A, Baumgart F, Moellenstedt T, Textor O, Weimer T. Enhanced reforming reaction for hydrogen production from carbonaceous feedstock. In: Mao ZQ, Veziroglu TN, editors. Hydrogen energy progress XIII, 2000. p. 1203. [9] Bandi Andreas, Specht Michael, Sichler Peter, Nicoloso Norbert. In situ gas conditioning in fuel reforming for hydrogen generation. Symposium on hot gas cleaning, Morgantown, West Virginia, 2002. Available from: http://www.zsw-bw.de/en/docs/research/REG/pdfs/REG_5th_ISGC_2002.pdf. [10] Siddle A, Pointon KD, Judd RW, Jones SL. Fuel processing for fuel cells – a status review and assessment of prospects. ETSU F/03/00252/REP, URN 031644, 2003. [11] Williams BC. The development of the ECLIPSE simulator and its application to the techno-economic assessment of clean fossil fuel power generation systems, DPhil Thesis, Energy Research Centre, University of Ulster, Coleraine, NI, 1994. [12] B.C. Williams and J.T. McMullan, Int J Energy Res 18 (2) (1994), p. 117. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (11) [13] B.C. Williams and J.T. McMullan, Techno-economic analysis of fuel conversion and power generation systems – the development of a portable chemical process simulator with capital cost and economic analysis capabilities, Int J Energy Res 20 (2) (1996), pp. 125–142. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (25) [14] B.C. Willams and J.T. McMullan In: Imariso and Bemtgen, Editors, Progress in synthetic fuels, Graham and Trotman, London (1988), pp. 183–189. [15] ECLIPSE Process Simulator, Energy Research Centre, University of Ulster, Jordanstown, NI, 1992. [16] Brenna, Siobhan. Fuel cell optimisation studies, PhD Thesis, University of Ulster, 1997. [17] Shipley AM, Elliott RN. Stationary fuel cells: future promise, current hype, Report Number IE041, March 2004, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy. Available from: www.aceee.org. [18] D. McIlveen-Wright and D.J. Guiney, Wood-fired fuel cells in an isolated community, J Power Sources 106 (2002), pp. 93–101. Article | PDF (696 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (9)

PY - 2006/10

Y1 - 2006/10

N2 - A technical-economic assessment of an innovative system which integrates absorption enhanced reforming (AER) of lignite with molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) for electricity generation is investigated using the ECLIPSE process simulator.The simulation results show that the proposed system of combining AER with MCFC has the electricity output of 206 kW, with the electrical efficiency of 44.7% (low heating value – LHV) and CO2 emissions of 751 g/kW h, when fuelled with lignite. The system has a specific investment (SI) of £11 642 and a break even electricity selling price (BESP) 21 p/kW e, compared to the SI of £10 477 and the BESP of 19 p/kW e for the basic case of MCFC fuelled with natural gas.A sensitivity analysis of the break even selling price (BESP) of electricity and the specific investment (SI) versus the capital cost show that capital costs have a significant effect on BESP and SI. Based on the basic case of capital cost of £2 398 000, when the capital cost of the system reduces 50%, the relevant BESP lowers down to 10.8 p/kW e, the SI also reduces by 50%, to £5864/kW e.A sensitivity analysis of fuel cost versus BESP show that the fuel cost has a little effect on BESP. For the basic case of the system with the cost of lignite £20/ton, the BESP is 21.1 p/kW e. While the fuel cost reduces by 50%, to £10/ton, the BESP lower down to 20.9 p/kW e, only reduces 0.2 p/kW e, the change is 0.9%.Although the BESP and SI are high for the AER + MCFC system, there are no nitrogen oxides (NOx) and sulphur oxides (SOx) emissions from the system; the CO2 gas stream produced in the AER process is suitable for subsequent sequestration. Thus the combination system may become a power generation with zero greenhouse gas emissions.

AB - A technical-economic assessment of an innovative system which integrates absorption enhanced reforming (AER) of lignite with molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) for electricity generation is investigated using the ECLIPSE process simulator.The simulation results show that the proposed system of combining AER with MCFC has the electricity output of 206 kW, with the electrical efficiency of 44.7% (low heating value – LHV) and CO2 emissions of 751 g/kW h, when fuelled with lignite. The system has a specific investment (SI) of £11 642 and a break even electricity selling price (BESP) 21 p/kW e, compared to the SI of £10 477 and the BESP of 19 p/kW e for the basic case of MCFC fuelled with natural gas.A sensitivity analysis of the break even selling price (BESP) of electricity and the specific investment (SI) versus the capital cost show that capital costs have a significant effect on BESP and SI. Based on the basic case of capital cost of £2 398 000, when the capital cost of the system reduces 50%, the relevant BESP lowers down to 10.8 p/kW e, the SI also reduces by 50%, to £5864/kW e.A sensitivity analysis of fuel cost versus BESP show that the fuel cost has a little effect on BESP. For the basic case of the system with the cost of lignite £20/ton, the BESP is 21.1 p/kW e. While the fuel cost reduces by 50%, to £10/ton, the BESP lower down to 20.9 p/kW e, only reduces 0.2 p/kW e, the change is 0.9%.Although the BESP and SI are high for the AER + MCFC system, there are no nitrogen oxides (NOx) and sulphur oxides (SOx) emissions from the system; the CO2 gas stream produced in the AER process is suitable for subsequent sequestration. Thus the combination system may become a power generation with zero greenhouse gas emissions.

U2 - 10.1016/j.fuel.2006.03.019

DO - 10.1016/j.fuel.2006.03.019

M3 - Article

VL - 85

SP - 2133

EP - 2140

JO - Fuel

T2 - Fuel

JF - Fuel

SN - 0016-2361

IS - 14-15

ER -