A Worthwhile Venture? Practically Investigating in Equity, Diversity and Interdependence in Northern Ireland

Karin Eyben, Duncan Morrow, Derick Wilson

Research output: Book/ReportBook

Abstract

Serious Community Relations in Northern Ireland is a search for practical ways for people of different identities, backgrounds and goals to live and work with one another with mutual respect. Coping with the real tensions around political divisions in Northern Ireland has always been difficult, and there is clearly no single blueprint of what this means in practice. Nevertheless, the real and expensive effects of the division and the tensions associated with it across many areas of life are undeniable. Better working relations therefore constitute one of the most important political and social tasks.If Northern Ireland is to find a democratic future, then the basis of community relations must also accord with basic democratic values. In our study of community relations training, three particular themes became central to our thinking. Community relations came to be about the search for the appropriate balance between three key democratic goals viewed together: Equity, Diversity and Interdependence. Previous research has indicated the need for a more sustained and strategic approach to community relations training for those whose work and lives brings them into immediate contact with community divisions. In the early years, community relations has involved youth workers, community workers, teachers and community relations officers in particular. Over the last ten years, there has been some evidence that other sectors, such as business management, law and order, health and social services, local action teams, and local policy makers have also begun to come into direct contact with the problems involved.The growth of greater institutional interest in some of these themes has nevertheless highlighted the absence of any coherent strategy. Community Relations needs to become embedded in public and private institutions, encouraging and supporting change in organisational structure and practice. It is increasingly clear that the ad hoc approach of the early years is problematic in the institutional sphere where action needs to be taken on a number of different levels: policy, structure and procedures, and training, within the equity, diversity, and interdependence framework. Translating community relations into new structures and procedures is central to any possibility of meeting the core objectives of all attempts at policy-making and training: the development of diverse and equitable relationships in Northern Ireland and, ultimately, between Northern Ireland and its neighbours.Given the greater interest in strategy, and the increasing number of people and sectors involved, it seemed an appropriate time to identify exactly how different groups and organisations were explicitly addressing equity, diversity and interdependence, both internally and in their relationships with the wider community This study is the result.Karin EybenDuncan MorrowDerick WilsonUniversity of Ulster, May 1997,
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages261
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Fingerprint

interdependence
equity
community
contact
youth worker
law and order
private institution
business management
community research
public institution
organizational structure
mobile social services
respect
coping
health service
worker

Keywords

  • Equity
  • Diversity
  • Interdependence
  • Community Relations
  • Northern ireland
  • Reconciliation
  • Organisational Learning
  • Conflict Resolution
  • Community relations training
  • peacebuilding.

Cite this

@book{512caff4b53c4e3face2399615850564,
title = "A Worthwhile Venture? Practically Investigating in Equity, Diversity and Interdependence in Northern Ireland",
abstract = "Serious Community Relations in Northern Ireland is a search for practical ways for people of different identities, backgrounds and goals to live and work with one another with mutual respect. Coping with the real tensions around political divisions in Northern Ireland has always been difficult, and there is clearly no single blueprint of what this means in practice. Nevertheless, the real and expensive effects of the division and the tensions associated with it across many areas of life are undeniable. Better working relations therefore constitute one of the most important political and social tasks.If Northern Ireland is to find a democratic future, then the basis of community relations must also accord with basic democratic values. In our study of community relations training, three particular themes became central to our thinking. Community relations came to be about the search for the appropriate balance between three key democratic goals viewed together: Equity, Diversity and Interdependence. Previous research has indicated the need for a more sustained and strategic approach to community relations training for those whose work and lives brings them into immediate contact with community divisions. In the early years, community relations has involved youth workers, community workers, teachers and community relations officers in particular. Over the last ten years, there has been some evidence that other sectors, such as business management, law and order, health and social services, local action teams, and local policy makers have also begun to come into direct contact with the problems involved.The growth of greater institutional interest in some of these themes has nevertheless highlighted the absence of any coherent strategy. Community Relations needs to become embedded in public and private institutions, encouraging and supporting change in organisational structure and practice. It is increasingly clear that the ad hoc approach of the early years is problematic in the institutional sphere where action needs to be taken on a number of different levels: policy, structure and procedures, and training, within the equity, diversity, and interdependence framework. Translating community relations into new structures and procedures is central to any possibility of meeting the core objectives of all attempts at policy-making and training: the development of diverse and equitable relationships in Northern Ireland and, ultimately, between Northern Ireland and its neighbours.Given the greater interest in strategy, and the increasing number of people and sectors involved, it seemed an appropriate time to identify exactly how different groups and organisations were explicitly addressing equity, diversity and interdependence, both internally and in their relationships with the wider community This study is the result.Karin EybenDuncan MorrowDerick WilsonUniversity of Ulster, May 1997,",
keywords = "Equity, Diversity, Interdependence, Community Relations, Northern ireland, Reconciliation, Organisational Learning, Conflict Resolution, Community relations training, peacebuilding.",
author = "Karin Eyben and Duncan Morrow and Derick Wilson",
note = "Reference text: REFERENCES ANDERSON, B. (1991) Imagined Communities, Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism, London.. Verso. BACH, R., et al (1993), Changing Relations - Newcomers and Established Residents in U.S. Communities, New York, Ford Foundation BAILYN, L. and RAPOPORT, R. (1996) Relinking Life and Work: Towards a Better Future, New York: Ford Foundation. BALLYNAFEIGH COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION, (1995), Ballynafeigh -Living in a Mixed Community, ed. Ray Mullan, Northern Ireland Community Relations Council BERESFORD, S., (1991), Speech delivered by Susan V Beresford at the CGIAR Workshop on Gender Issues - Washington D. C., Ford Foundation publication BOAL, EW, LIVINGSTONE, D. N., (1 989), The Behavioural Environment: essays in reflection, application and re-evaluation, London, Routledge BOAL, F.W, NEVILLE H. DOUGLAS, J., ed. (1982), Integration and Division: geographical perspectives on the Northern Ireland problem, London, Academic Press BOROOAH, V, {"}Overview and Conclusions{"}, (1996), Policy Aspects of Employment Equality in Northern Ireland, Employment Equality in Northern Ireland Series, Standing Advisory Commission on Human Rights, Dublin, Colour Books Ltd. BOYLE, K., HADDEN, T., HILLYARD, P, (1975), Law and the State - The Case of Northern Ireland, London, Martin Robertson & Company BREMNER, D., {"}Development's Catch-22{"}, in Track Two Journal, Vol.3, Feb. 1994, Cape Town, Centre for Intergroup Studies BUSINESS IN THE COMMUNITY, (1992) New Horizons BUSINESS IN THE COMMUNITY, (1995), Race for Opportunity - A Business in the Community Campaign CENTRAL COMMUNITY RELATIONS UNIT, (1 995), Policy Appraisal and Fair Treatment Annual Report CENTRAL COMMUNITY RELATIONS UNIT, (1995-1997), Community Relations Research Strategy, Second Edition CHESLER, M., DELGADO, H., {"}Race Relations and Organisational Change{"}, (1987), Strategies for Improving Race Relations, ed. Shaw, J., Nordlie, PG., Shapiro, R.M., Manchester University Press CIVILSERVICE,(1996)DevelopmentandTrainingforGivilServants-AframeworkforAction,London:HMSO COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT REVIEW GROUP, (1992), A Report on Education and Training for Community Development in Northern Ireland COMMUNITY RELATIONS PROJECT OF THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE, (1991), Community and Ethnic Relations in Europe - Final Report, Council of Europe/Conseil de LEurope, Strasbourg COUNTERACT, (1996), Video on Sectarian Harassment in the Workplace - The Inside Stories COUNTERACT, (1997),Various reports and forthcoming manual on training in the workplace COX, T., BLAKE, S., (1991), {"}Managing Cultural Diversity: implications for organizational competitiveness{"}, Academy of Management Executive, 5/3:45-56 CULTURE OF PEACE PROGRAMME, ed. David Adams (1995), Unesco and a Culture of Peace, UNESCO CURRICULUM REVIEW WORKING GROUP, (1996), Review of the Youth Work Curriculum-Report of the Curriculum Review Working Group DARBY, J., ed., (1986), Northern Ireland: The background to the conflict, Belfast, Appletree Press DEMOCRATIC DIALOGUE, (1995), Social Exclusion, Social Inclusion, Regency Press DUNN, S. and MORGAN, V (1994), Protestant Alienation in Northern Ireland - A Preliminary Study, Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine DUNN, S., ed. (1995), Facets of the Conflict in Northern Ireland, New York, St. Martin's Press DUNN, S., HENNESSEY, T.W, {"}Ireland{"}, (1996) in Europe and Ethnicity - World War I and Contemporary Ethnic Conflict, ed. Dunn, S., Fraser, T. G., London, Routledge ECONI, (1995), A Future with Hope - Biblical Frameworks for Peace and Reconciliation in Northern Ireland, Nelson & Knox (NI) Ltd EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES UNIT - NORTHERN IRELAND CIVIL SERVICE, (1994), Fifth Report of the Equa1 Opportunities Unit ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES, VOL 18 NO 4 (October1995), Special Issue-A State of Truce: Northern Ireland after Twenty-Five Years of War London, Routledge EUROPEAN BUREAU - YOUTH COUNCIL FOR NORTHERN IRELAND, (1996), Reconciliation - Cross Community Project Report, published by the European Bureau on behalf of the Youth Service Partnership Group FAIR EMPLOYMENT COMMISSION FOR NORTHERN IRELAND, Training for Equality FAIR EMPLOYMENT COMMISSION FOR NORTHERN IRELAND, (1989), Code of Practice, Department of Economic Development FAIR EMPLOYMENT COMMISSION FOR NORTHERN IRELAND, (1989), Fair Employment in Northern Ireland - Key Details of the Act FAIR EMPLOYMENT COMMISSION FOR NORTHERN IRELAND, (1994-1996), Annual Reports FAIR EMPLOYMENT COMMISSION FOR NORTHERN IRELAND, (1996), Sectarian Harassment at Work - Employer Guidelines FARREN, S., FINN, P, KIRK, T., HUGHES, J., (1992), Students Together and Students Apart - A Study of Student-Teachers' Attitudes in Northern Ireland, University of Ulster, Coleraine FISHER, C., ed. (1995), Policing in a New Society, Report of a conference at the Belfast Institute of Further and Higher Education - 5 November 1994, Centre for Research and Documentation, Belfast Community Forum on Policing FITZDUFF, M. (1989) A Typology of Community Relations Work and Contextual Necessities, Belfast: Pamphlet No.l, Northern Ireland Community Relations Council FORD, V, {"}Partnership is the secret of progress{"}, in People Management, 8 February 1996, pp.34-36 FORUM FOR PEACE AND RECONCILIATION, (1995), The Social and Economic Consequences of Peace and Economic Reconstruction - Consultancy Studies, Number One, Dublin Castle FRASER, G., MORGAN, V, ROBINSON, G., SMITH, M., (1996), Inter-Faith Marriages in Northern Ireland, Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine GALLAGHER, A. M. (1991), Majority Minority Review No.2: Employment, unemployment and religion in Northern Ireland, Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine GALLAGHER, A. M., (1989), Majority Minority Review No. 1: Education and Religion in Northern Ireland, Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine GIBSON, J. L., IVANCEVICH, J. M., and DONNELLY J. H., (1988) Organisations Homewood, Ill,: Business Corporations Inc. GILPEN BLACK MANAGEMENT CONSULTANTS and NORTHERN IRELAND COMMUNITY RELATIONS COUNCIL, (1995) Of Mutual Benefit, Belfast, NICRC GLENDINNING, W, (1995), Community Relations and Planning in Rural Areas, Northern Ireland Community Relations Council GRAHAM, P, (1991), Integrative Management - Creating Unity from Diversity, Blackwell Publishers GRIFFITH, K., (1996), Culture, Human Development and Economic Growth, paper presented at Conference on Culture and Development - Japan, Department of Economics, University of California GRIFFITHS, H., (1974), Community Development in Northern Ireland - A Case Study in Agency Conflict, Coleraine, New University of Ulster GUELKE, A., {"}Policing in Northern Ireland{"}, in (1992), Northern Ireland: Politics and the Constitution, (9th edn.), ed. Hadfield, B., Buckingham, Open University Press GUTTMAN, A., in (1992), Multiculturalism and the {"}Politics of Recognition{"} - An Essay HADDEN, T., (1997), Possible Structures for the Development and Implementation of Policy Appraisal on Separation and Sharing (PASS), discussion paper submitted to the Northern Ireland Community Relations Council HAMILTON, A., McCartney, C., Anderson, T, Finn, A., (1990), Violence and Communities - The Impact of Political Violence in Northern Ireland on Intra-Community, Inter-Community and Community-State Relationships, University of Ulster HAMILTON, A., MOORE, L., {"}Policing a Divided Society{"}, in (1995), Facets of the Conflict in Northern Ireland, cd. DUNN, S., pp. 187-198 HAYES, M. (1997) Hayes review - A Report on Staff Deployment in the Northern Ireland Civil Service, Northern Ireland Civil Service HERRIOT, P., PEMBERTON, C., (1995), Competitive Advantage Through Diversity, London: Sage HINDS, J. (1994) A Guide to Peace, Reconciliation and Community Relations Projects in Ireland, Northern Ireland Community Relations Council IRISH INTER CHURCH MEETING, (1993), Sectarianism: A Discussion Document - The Report of the Working Group on Sectarianism, Belfast, Department of Social Issues, Irish Inter Church Meeting JACKSON, S. E., RUDERMAN, M. N., ed. (1995), Diversity in Work Teams - Research Paradigms for a Changing Workplace, Washington DC, American Psychological Association KANDOLA, R. & FULLERTON, J (1994). Managing the Mosaic - Diversity in Action London, Institute of Personnel and Development KAPTEIN, R with MORROW, D. (1993) On the Way of Freedom, Dublin: Columba Press. KAPTEIN, R. (992) {"}Ethnocentrism and Northern Ireland{"}, Paper to Conference on Violence and Religion, University of Stanford, Stanford: Conference on Violence and Religion. KAPTEIN, R. MORROW, D.WILSON, D.A. & WRIGHT, F (1991a) Finding Ways to Go... A discussion paper about Community Relations in Northern Ireland. Belfast:Corryrneela Press ISBN 1 873739. KNOX, C. and FORBES, K., (1994), Local Government in Northern Ireland: A Descriptive Model, Ulster Papers in Public Policy and Management, No 38, University of Ulster KNOX,C.,(1995), Alienation: An emerging Protestant phenomenon in Northern Ireland, Ulster Papers in Public Policy and Management No 53, University of Ulster KNOX, C., and HUGHES, J., (1996), An Evolving Role For Community Relations Officers: A Preliminary Study, University of Ulster KNOX, C., and HUGHES, J., BIRRELL, D., McCREADY, S., (1994), Community Relations and Local Government, Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine KOLB, D., LUBLIN,S., SPOTH, J., Baker, T., {"}Strategic management development using experimental learning theory to assess and develop managerial competencies{"}, in Managing Learning, edited by Mabey, C., and Iles, P, New York in association with the Open University LEVI-STRAUSS, C., (1966), The Savage Mind, Chicago, University of Chicago, as quoted in Voutira, E., and Whitshaw Brown, S. (1995) etc. LOVETT, T., GILLESPIE, N., GUNN, D., (1995), Community Development, Education and Community Relations, Community Research and Development Centre, University of Ulster MAGILL D., ROSE, S., ed. (1996), Fair Employment Law in Northern Ireland: Debates and Issues, Vol. 1, Employment Equality in Northern Ireland Series, Standing Advisory Commission on Human Rights, Dublin, Colour Books Ltd. MARSDFN, C. (1996), Corporate Citizenship, Coventry: BP Corporate Citizenship Unit, University of Warwick. 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Clancy P et al, Dublin, Institute of Public Administration in association with the Sociological Society of Ireland McVEY, J., HUTSON, N., ed.(1996) Public Views and Experiences of Fair Employment and Equality Issues in Northern Ireland, Vol. III, Employment Equality in Northern Ireland Series, Standing Advisory Commission on Human Rights, Dublin, Colour Books Ltd. MELAUGH, M., (1994), Majority Minority Review No.3: Housing and religion in Northern Ireland, Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine MORISON, J., LIVINGSTONE, S., (1995), Reshaping Public Power: Northern Ireland and the British Constitutional Crisis, Sweet & Maxwell MORRISSEY, M., GAFFIKIN, F., (1996), A Tale of One City; North and West Belfast Consultative Document, Belfast, Urban Institute MORROW, D.,(1991a) Teaching and Learning With Adults in Northern Ireland in Poggeler, F, and Yaron, K.(eds) Adult Education in Crisis Situations, Jerusalem: Magnes Press. MORROW, D. (1991b) {"}The importance of the unimportant{"} (with Frank Wright), Oxford University Peace Lecture, Oxford University Press, 1991 ISBN 1 871191 28 9 MORROW, D. (1994a) {"}Escaping the Bind in Northern Ireland - Teaching and Learning in the Ethnic Frontier{"}. in Meeting of Cultures and the Clash of Cultures - Adult Education in Multi Cultural Societies, (eds) Yaron, K. & Poggeler, S., Jerusalem: Magnes Press. MORROW, D. & WILSON, D. A. (1996) Ways Out of Conflict, Belfast: Corrymeela Press. ISBNI873739109 ca l00 pages MORROW, D., (1994), The Churches and Inter Community Relationships, Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine MORROWD.,(1997), {"}It's Not Everyone You CouId TelI That To{"} - A Report on the Churches and Inter-Community Relation to the Armagh Churches Forum, Northern Ireland Community Relations Council MURPHY, A., with ARMSTRONG, D., (1994), A Picture of the Catholic and Protestant Male Unemployed, Employment Equality Review Research Report No. 2, Central Community Relations Unit MURTAGH, B. 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Where Did EMU Come From?, Keynote paper at the conference EMU in Transition, Newcastle, Co Down 19 May 1992, Churches Peace Education Resource Centre, Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine ROBINSON, G., (1992), Cross-Community Marriage in Northern Ireland, Belfast, Queen's University of Belfast Centre for Social Research ROSS, R., Schneider, R., (1992), From Equality to Diversity - A business case for equal opportunities, London, Pitman Publishing ROWAN, E., (1995), Community Relations and Planning Decisions, Northern Ireland Community Relations Council ROWNTREE, J. (1996), Learning Through The Arts: Professional Development Needs And Implications For Arts And Education In London, unpublished paper, LIFT Business Arts Forum. SHAW, J.W., NORDLIE, P.G., SHAPIRO, R.M. (Eds) (1987) Strategies for Improving Race Relations. Manchester: Manchester Univ. Press SMITH, A. & ROBINSON, A. (1994) The EMU Promoting School, (Report of a Conference on and Schools, November, 1993), Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine SMITH, A., ROBINSON, A., (1996), Education for Mutual Understanding - the initial statutory years, Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine SMITH, D. J., CHAMBERS, G., (1987), Equality and Inequality in Northern Ireland, London, Policy Studies Institute SMITH. A. & ROBINSON.A. (1992) Education for Mutual Understanding, Perceptions and Policy, Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine. SUGDEN, J., BARNIER, A., (1993), Sport, Sectarianism and society in a divided Ireland, Leicester, Leicester University Press SUGDEN, J., HARVEY, S., (1995), Sport and Community Relations in Northern Ireland, Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine TAYLOR, C., (1992), Multiculturalism and the {"}Politics of Recognition{"} - An Essay, Prinectown NJ., Princetown University Press THE FAITH AND POLITICS GROUP, (1997), Doing Unto Others - Parity of esteem in a contested space, The Faith and Politics Group, Ireland THE FOUNDATION FOR A CIVIL SOCIETY, THE PROJECT ON JUSTICE IN TIMES OF TRANSITION, UNIVERSITY OF ULSTER, INCORE, (1995), Report of The Belfast Conference on Reconciliation and Community: The Future of Peace in Northern Ireland THE NUS/USI NORTHERN IRELAND STUDENT CENTRE, (1995-1996), Training Brochure of the Student Community Relations Programme THOMAS, D.A., ELY, RJ., {"}Making Differences Matter: A New Paradigm for Managing Diversity{"}, in Harvard Business Review, Sept.-Oct. 1996, pp.79-90 VOUTIRA, E. and WHITSHAW BROWN, S.A., (1995), Conflict Resolution - A Review of Some Non-Governmental Practice, 'A Cautionary Tale', Refugee Studies Programme - University of Oxford, Nordiska Afrikainstitutet WALZER, M., in (1992), Multiculturalism and the {"}Politics of Recognition{"} - An Essay, Princetown NJ., Princetown University Press WHYTE, J. ( 1990) Interpreting Northern Ireland. Oxford: Clarendon Press. WILLIAMSON, A. (ed.), ( 1995) Beyond Violence - The Role of Voluntary and Community Action in Building a Sustainable Peace in Northern Ireland, Northern Ireland Community Relations Council and Centre for Voluntary Action Studies, University of Ulster WILSON, D. A. (1986) Innovation in Reconciliation, London: Charitable Trust Administrators Group. WILSON, D.A. (1994) Learning Together for a Change: The Evolution of a Model of Cross Community Meetings between Adults in a Divided Society, D. Phil Thesis, Education Faculty, Univ. of Ulster. 1994 WILSON, D. A. (1991) {"}Finding New Ways Together{"} in Education for Mutual Understanding, Bangor: Department of Education for Northern Ireland. WILSON, D.A. (1991b) {"}Finding New Ways Together{"} in Education for Mutual Understanding, Bangor: Department of Education for Northern Ireland. WILSON, D. A. (1989) Freedom Bound, Coleraine: Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine WRENCH, J., (1996), Preventing Racism at the Workplace - A report on 16 European Countries, Centre for Research in Ethnic Relations - University of Warwick, Danish Centre for Migration and Ethnic Studies, Dublin, European Foundation for the improvement of Living and Working Conditions WRENCH, J., TAYLOR, P, (1994). A Research Manual on the Evaluation of Anti-Discrimination Training Activities, International Labour Office, Geneva WRIGHT, F (1988) {"}Reconciling the Histories of Catholic and Protestant in Northern Ireland{"} in Reconciling Memories, Dublin: Columba Press. WRIGHT, F (1991) Assymetry in Cross Community Meetings and the Political Future of Divided Societies, Coleraine: Understanding Conflict Project. WRIGHT, F (1993) Integrated Education and New Beginnings in Northern Ireland, Belfast: Corrymeela Press. WRIGHT, F (1996) Two Lands on One Soil, Dublin: Gill and Macmillan and The Understanding Conflict Trust. WRIGHT, F (1991) {"}Culture Identity and the Protestant Community{"} in Community Development in Protestant Areas, Belfast: C.D.PA. YOUTH COUNCIL FOR NORTHERN IRELAND, (1991) Community Relations in the Youth Service, Belfast: YCNI YOUTH COUNCIL FOR NORTHERN IRELAND, (1992), Community Relations Guidelines - Youth Work Curriculum YOUTH COUNCIL FOR NORTHERN IRELAND, Community Relations Youth Service Support Scheme YOUTH LINK, CYSC, CATHOG, (1996-1997), Passing it on - New Opportunities for Youth Workers",
year = "1997",
language = "English",
isbn = "ISBN 1 85923 082 2",

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TY - BOOK

T1 - A Worthwhile Venture? Practically Investigating in Equity, Diversity and Interdependence in Northern Ireland

AU - Eyben, Karin

AU - Morrow, Duncan

AU - Wilson, Derick

N1 - Reference text: REFERENCES ANDERSON, B. (1991) Imagined Communities, Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism, London.. Verso. BACH, R., et al (1993), Changing Relations - Newcomers and Established Residents in U.S. Communities, New York, Ford Foundation BAILYN, L. and RAPOPORT, R. (1996) Relinking Life and Work: Towards a Better Future, New York: Ford Foundation. BALLYNAFEIGH COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION, (1995), Ballynafeigh -Living in a Mixed Community, ed. Ray Mullan, Northern Ireland Community Relations Council BERESFORD, S., (1991), Speech delivered by Susan V Beresford at the CGIAR Workshop on Gender Issues - Washington D. C., Ford Foundation publication BOAL, EW, LIVINGSTONE, D. N., (1 989), The Behavioural Environment: essays in reflection, application and re-evaluation, London, Routledge BOAL, F.W, NEVILLE H. DOUGLAS, J., ed. (1982), Integration and Division: geographical perspectives on the Northern Ireland problem, London, Academic Press BOROOAH, V, "Overview and Conclusions", (1996), Policy Aspects of Employment Equality in Northern Ireland, Employment Equality in Northern Ireland Series, Standing Advisory Commission on Human Rights, Dublin, Colour Books Ltd. BOYLE, K., HADDEN, T., HILLYARD, P, (1975), Law and the State - The Case of Northern Ireland, London, Martin Robertson & Company BREMNER, D., "Development's Catch-22", in Track Two Journal, Vol.3, Feb. 1994, Cape Town, Centre for Intergroup Studies BUSINESS IN THE COMMUNITY, (1992) New Horizons BUSINESS IN THE COMMUNITY, (1995), Race for Opportunity - A Business in the Community Campaign CENTRAL COMMUNITY RELATIONS UNIT, (1 995), Policy Appraisal and Fair Treatment Annual Report CENTRAL COMMUNITY RELATIONS UNIT, (1995-1997), Community Relations Research Strategy, Second Edition CHESLER, M., DELGADO, H., "Race Relations and Organisational Change", (1987), Strategies for Improving Race Relations, ed. Shaw, J., Nordlie, PG., Shapiro, R.M., Manchester University Press CIVILSERVICE,(1996)DevelopmentandTrainingforGivilServants-AframeworkforAction,London:HMSO COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT REVIEW GROUP, (1992), A Report on Education and Training for Community Development in Northern Ireland COMMUNITY RELATIONS PROJECT OF THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE, (1991), Community and Ethnic Relations in Europe - Final Report, Council of Europe/Conseil de LEurope, Strasbourg COUNTERACT, (1996), Video on Sectarian Harassment in the Workplace - The Inside Stories COUNTERACT, (1997),Various reports and forthcoming manual on training in the workplace COX, T., BLAKE, S., (1991), "Managing Cultural Diversity: implications for organizational competitiveness", Academy of Management Executive, 5/3:45-56 CULTURE OF PEACE PROGRAMME, ed. David Adams (1995), Unesco and a Culture of Peace, UNESCO CURRICULUM REVIEW WORKING GROUP, (1996), Review of the Youth Work Curriculum-Report of the Curriculum Review Working Group DARBY, J., ed., (1986), Northern Ireland: The background to the conflict, Belfast, Appletree Press DEMOCRATIC DIALOGUE, (1995), Social Exclusion, Social Inclusion, Regency Press DUNN, S. and MORGAN, V (1994), Protestant Alienation in Northern Ireland - A Preliminary Study, Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine DUNN, S., ed. (1995), Facets of the Conflict in Northern Ireland, New York, St. Martin's Press DUNN, S., HENNESSEY, T.W, "Ireland", (1996) in Europe and Ethnicity - World War I and Contemporary Ethnic Conflict, ed. Dunn, S., Fraser, T. G., London, Routledge ECONI, (1995), A Future with Hope - Biblical Frameworks for Peace and Reconciliation in Northern Ireland, Nelson & Knox (NI) Ltd EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES UNIT - NORTHERN IRELAND CIVIL SERVICE, (1994), Fifth Report of the Equa1 Opportunities Unit ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES, VOL 18 NO 4 (October1995), Special Issue-A State of Truce: Northern Ireland after Twenty-Five Years of War London, Routledge EUROPEAN BUREAU - YOUTH COUNCIL FOR NORTHERN IRELAND, (1996), Reconciliation - Cross Community Project Report, published by the European Bureau on behalf of the Youth Service Partnership Group FAIR EMPLOYMENT COMMISSION FOR NORTHERN IRELAND, Training for Equality FAIR EMPLOYMENT COMMISSION FOR NORTHERN IRELAND, (1989), Code of Practice, Department of Economic Development FAIR EMPLOYMENT COMMISSION FOR NORTHERN IRELAND, (1989), Fair Employment in Northern Ireland - Key Details of the Act FAIR EMPLOYMENT COMMISSION FOR NORTHERN IRELAND, (1994-1996), Annual Reports FAIR EMPLOYMENT COMMISSION FOR NORTHERN IRELAND, (1996), Sectarian Harassment at Work - Employer Guidelines FARREN, S., FINN, P, KIRK, T., HUGHES, J., (1992), Students Together and Students Apart - A Study of Student-Teachers' Attitudes in Northern Ireland, University of Ulster, Coleraine FISHER, C., ed. (1995), Policing in a New Society, Report of a conference at the Belfast Institute of Further and Higher Education - 5 November 1994, Centre for Research and Documentation, Belfast Community Forum on Policing FITZDUFF, M. (1989) A Typology of Community Relations Work and Contextual Necessities, Belfast: Pamphlet No.l, Northern Ireland Community Relations Council FORD, V, "Partnership is the secret of progress", in People Management, 8 February 1996, pp.34-36 FORUM FOR PEACE AND RECONCILIATION, (1995), The Social and Economic Consequences of Peace and Economic Reconstruction - Consultancy Studies, Number One, Dublin Castle FRASER, G., MORGAN, V, ROBINSON, G., SMITH, M., (1996), Inter-Faith Marriages in Northern Ireland, Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine GALLAGHER, A. M. (1991), Majority Minority Review No.2: Employment, unemployment and religion in Northern Ireland, Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine GALLAGHER, A. M., (1989), Majority Minority Review No. 1: Education and Religion in Northern Ireland, Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine GIBSON, J. L., IVANCEVICH, J. M., and DONNELLY J. H., (1988) Organisations Homewood, Ill,: Business Corporations Inc. GILPEN BLACK MANAGEMENT CONSULTANTS and NORTHERN IRELAND COMMUNITY RELATIONS COUNCIL, (1995) Of Mutual Benefit, Belfast, NICRC GLENDINNING, W, (1995), Community Relations and Planning in Rural Areas, Northern Ireland Community Relations Council GRAHAM, P, (1991), Integrative Management - Creating Unity from Diversity, Blackwell Publishers GRIFFITH, K., (1996), Culture, Human Development and Economic Growth, paper presented at Conference on Culture and Development - Japan, Department of Economics, University of California GRIFFITHS, H., (1974), Community Development in Northern Ireland - A Case Study in Agency Conflict, Coleraine, New University of Ulster GUELKE, A., "Policing in Northern Ireland", in (1992), Northern Ireland: Politics and the Constitution, (9th edn.), ed. Hadfield, B., Buckingham, Open University Press GUTTMAN, A., in (1992), Multiculturalism and the "Politics of Recognition" - An Essay HADDEN, T., (1997), Possible Structures for the Development and Implementation of Policy Appraisal on Separation and Sharing (PASS), discussion paper submitted to the Northern Ireland Community Relations Council HAMILTON, A., McCartney, C., Anderson, T, Finn, A., (1990), Violence and Communities - The Impact of Political Violence in Northern Ireland on Intra-Community, Inter-Community and Community-State Relationships, University of Ulster HAMILTON, A., MOORE, L., "Policing a Divided Society", in (1995), Facets of the Conflict in Northern Ireland, cd. DUNN, S., pp. 187-198 HAYES, M. (1997) Hayes review - A Report on Staff Deployment in the Northern Ireland Civil Service, Northern Ireland Civil Service HERRIOT, P., PEMBERTON, C., (1995), Competitive Advantage Through Diversity, London: Sage HINDS, J. (1994) A Guide to Peace, Reconciliation and Community Relations Projects in Ireland, Northern Ireland Community Relations Council IRISH INTER CHURCH MEETING, (1993), Sectarianism: A Discussion Document - The Report of the Working Group on Sectarianism, Belfast, Department of Social Issues, Irish Inter Church Meeting JACKSON, S. E., RUDERMAN, M. N., ed. (1995), Diversity in Work Teams - Research Paradigms for a Changing Workplace, Washington DC, American Psychological Association KANDOLA, R. & FULLERTON, J (1994). Managing the Mosaic - Diversity in Action London, Institute of Personnel and Development KAPTEIN, R with MORROW, D. (1993) On the Way of Freedom, Dublin: Columba Press. KAPTEIN, R. (992) "Ethnocentrism and Northern Ireland", Paper to Conference on Violence and Religion, University of Stanford, Stanford: Conference on Violence and Religion. KAPTEIN, R. MORROW, D.WILSON, D.A. & WRIGHT, F (1991a) Finding Ways to Go... A discussion paper about Community Relations in Northern Ireland. Belfast:Corryrneela Press ISBN 1 873739. KNOX, C. and FORBES, K., (1994), Local Government in Northern Ireland: A Descriptive Model, Ulster Papers in Public Policy and Management, No 38, University of Ulster KNOX,C.,(1995), Alienation: An emerging Protestant phenomenon in Northern Ireland, Ulster Papers in Public Policy and Management No 53, University of Ulster KNOX, C., and HUGHES, J., (1996), An Evolving Role For Community Relations Officers: A Preliminary Study, University of Ulster KNOX, C., and HUGHES, J., BIRRELL, D., McCREADY, S., (1994), Community Relations and Local Government, Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine KOLB, D., LUBLIN,S., SPOTH, J., Baker, T., "Strategic management development using experimental learning theory to assess and develop managerial competencies", in Managing Learning, edited by Mabey, C., and Iles, P, New York in association with the Open University LEVI-STRAUSS, C., (1966), The Savage Mind, Chicago, University of Chicago, as quoted in Voutira, E., and Whitshaw Brown, S. (1995) etc. LOVETT, T., GILLESPIE, N., GUNN, D., (1995), Community Development, Education and Community Relations, Community Research and Development Centre, University of Ulster MAGILL D., ROSE, S., ed. (1996), Fair Employment Law in Northern Ireland: Debates and Issues, Vol. 1, Employment Equality in Northern Ireland Series, Standing Advisory Commission on Human Rights, Dublin, Colour Books Ltd. MARSDFN, C. (1996), Corporate Citizenship, Coventry: BP Corporate Citizenship Unit, University of Warwick. McCRUDDEN, C.,(1996), Mainstreaming Fairness - A Discussion Paper on "Policy Appraisal and Fair Treatment", Oxford, Lincoln College McGILL, P, (1996), Missing the Target - a critique of Government Policy on Targeting Social Need in Northern Ireland, Belfast, NICVA McLAUGHLIN, E., QUIRK, P, ed.(1996), Policy Aspects of Employment Equality in Northern Ireland, Vol. II, Employment Equality in Northern Ireland Series, Standing Advisory Commission on Human Rights, Dublin, Colour Books Ltd. McMASTER, J., (1994), Churches Working Together - A Practical Guide for Northern Ireland, Northern Ireland Community Relations Council McVEIGH, R., "Cherishing the Children of the Nation Unequally: Sectarianism in Ireland", (1995), in Irish Society: sociological perspectives, ed. Clancy P et al, Dublin, Institute of Public Administration in association with the Sociological Society of Ireland McVEY, J., HUTSON, N., ed.(1996) Public Views and Experiences of Fair Employment and Equality Issues in Northern Ireland, Vol. III, Employment Equality in Northern Ireland Series, Standing Advisory Commission on Human Rights, Dublin, Colour Books Ltd. MELAUGH, M., (1994), Majority Minority Review No.3: Housing and religion in Northern Ireland, Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine MORISON, J., LIVINGSTONE, S., (1995), Reshaping Public Power: Northern Ireland and the British Constitutional Crisis, Sweet & Maxwell MORRISSEY, M., GAFFIKIN, F., (1996), A Tale of One City; North and West Belfast Consultative Document, Belfast, Urban Institute MORROW, D.,(1991a) Teaching and Learning With Adults in Northern Ireland in Poggeler, F, and Yaron, K.(eds) Adult Education in Crisis Situations, Jerusalem: Magnes Press. MORROW, D. (1991b) "The importance of the unimportant" (with Frank Wright), Oxford University Peace Lecture, Oxford University Press, 1991 ISBN 1 871191 28 9 MORROW, D. (1994a) "Escaping the Bind in Northern Ireland - Teaching and Learning in the Ethnic Frontier". in Meeting of Cultures and the Clash of Cultures - Adult Education in Multi Cultural Societies, (eds) Yaron, K. & Poggeler, S., Jerusalem: Magnes Press. 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(1997), Community and Conflict in Rural Ulster, Northern Ireland Community Relations Council MURTAGH, B.(1996), Segregated Space in Northern Ireland - Principles and Practice, Northern Ireland Community Relations Council NEW ECONOMICS FOUNDATION, General Social Auditing Resource Pack, London NORTHERN IRELAND COMMUNITY RELATIONS COUNCIL, (1990-1996), Annual Reports NORTHERN IRELAND COMMUNITY RELATIONS COUNCIL, (1996), Accommodating Change, PEDLER, M., BURGOYNE, J., BOYDELL, T. (1988), Learning Company Project Report, Training Agency, Sheffield PIERCE, N. R. & STEINBACK, C. F, (1987) Corrective Capitalism, Ford Foundation PUTNAM, R., (1993), Making Democracy Work - Civil Traditions in Modern Italy, Princetown University Press REMEMBER AND CHANGE CONFERENCE, (19 October 1996), Conference Papers, Fermanagh District Partnership RICHARDSON, N., (1992), Roots if not Wings! 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( 1990) Interpreting Northern Ireland. Oxford: Clarendon Press. WILLIAMSON, A. (ed.), ( 1995) Beyond Violence - The Role of Voluntary and Community Action in Building a Sustainable Peace in Northern Ireland, Northern Ireland Community Relations Council and Centre for Voluntary Action Studies, University of Ulster WILSON, D. A. (1986) Innovation in Reconciliation, London: Charitable Trust Administrators Group. WILSON, D.A. (1994) Learning Together for a Change: The Evolution of a Model of Cross Community Meetings between Adults in a Divided Society, D. Phil Thesis, Education Faculty, Univ. of Ulster. 1994 WILSON, D. A. (1991) "Finding New Ways Together" in Education for Mutual Understanding, Bangor: Department of Education for Northern Ireland. WILSON, D.A. (1991b) "Finding New Ways Together" in Education for Mutual Understanding, Bangor: Department of Education for Northern Ireland. WILSON, D. A. (1989) Freedom Bound, Coleraine: Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine WRENCH, J., (1996), Preventing Racism at the Workplace - A report on 16 European Countries, Centre for Research in Ethnic Relations - University of Warwick, Danish Centre for Migration and Ethnic Studies, Dublin, European Foundation for the improvement of Living and Working Conditions WRENCH, J., TAYLOR, P, (1994). A Research Manual on the Evaluation of Anti-Discrimination Training Activities, International Labour Office, Geneva WRIGHT, F (1988) "Reconciling the Histories of Catholic and Protestant in Northern Ireland" in Reconciling Memories, Dublin: Columba Press. WRIGHT, F (1991) Assymetry in Cross Community Meetings and the Political Future of Divided Societies, Coleraine: Understanding Conflict Project. WRIGHT, F (1993) Integrated Education and New Beginnings in Northern Ireland, Belfast: Corrymeela Press. WRIGHT, F (1996) Two Lands on One Soil, Dublin: Gill and Macmillan and The Understanding Conflict Trust. WRIGHT, F (1991) "Culture Identity and the Protestant Community" in Community Development in Protestant Areas, Belfast: C.D.PA. YOUTH COUNCIL FOR NORTHERN IRELAND, (1991) Community Relations in the Youth Service, Belfast: YCNI YOUTH COUNCIL FOR NORTHERN IRELAND, (1992), Community Relations Guidelines - Youth Work Curriculum YOUTH COUNCIL FOR NORTHERN IRELAND, Community Relations Youth Service Support Scheme YOUTH LINK, CYSC, CATHOG, (1996-1997), Passing it on - New Opportunities for Youth Workers

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - Serious Community Relations in Northern Ireland is a search for practical ways for people of different identities, backgrounds and goals to live and work with one another with mutual respect. Coping with the real tensions around political divisions in Northern Ireland has always been difficult, and there is clearly no single blueprint of what this means in practice. Nevertheless, the real and expensive effects of the division and the tensions associated with it across many areas of life are undeniable. Better working relations therefore constitute one of the most important political and social tasks.If Northern Ireland is to find a democratic future, then the basis of community relations must also accord with basic democratic values. In our study of community relations training, three particular themes became central to our thinking. Community relations came to be about the search for the appropriate balance between three key democratic goals viewed together: Equity, Diversity and Interdependence. Previous research has indicated the need for a more sustained and strategic approach to community relations training for those whose work and lives brings them into immediate contact with community divisions. In the early years, community relations has involved youth workers, community workers, teachers and community relations officers in particular. Over the last ten years, there has been some evidence that other sectors, such as business management, law and order, health and social services, local action teams, and local policy makers have also begun to come into direct contact with the problems involved.The growth of greater institutional interest in some of these themes has nevertheless highlighted the absence of any coherent strategy. Community Relations needs to become embedded in public and private institutions, encouraging and supporting change in organisational structure and practice. It is increasingly clear that the ad hoc approach of the early years is problematic in the institutional sphere where action needs to be taken on a number of different levels: policy, structure and procedures, and training, within the equity, diversity, and interdependence framework. Translating community relations into new structures and procedures is central to any possibility of meeting the core objectives of all attempts at policy-making and training: the development of diverse and equitable relationships in Northern Ireland and, ultimately, between Northern Ireland and its neighbours.Given the greater interest in strategy, and the increasing number of people and sectors involved, it seemed an appropriate time to identify exactly how different groups and organisations were explicitly addressing equity, diversity and interdependence, both internally and in their relationships with the wider community This study is the result.Karin EybenDuncan MorrowDerick WilsonUniversity of Ulster, May 1997,

AB - Serious Community Relations in Northern Ireland is a search for practical ways for people of different identities, backgrounds and goals to live and work with one another with mutual respect. Coping with the real tensions around political divisions in Northern Ireland has always been difficult, and there is clearly no single blueprint of what this means in practice. Nevertheless, the real and expensive effects of the division and the tensions associated with it across many areas of life are undeniable. Better working relations therefore constitute one of the most important political and social tasks.If Northern Ireland is to find a democratic future, then the basis of community relations must also accord with basic democratic values. In our study of community relations training, three particular themes became central to our thinking. Community relations came to be about the search for the appropriate balance between three key democratic goals viewed together: Equity, Diversity and Interdependence. Previous research has indicated the need for a more sustained and strategic approach to community relations training for those whose work and lives brings them into immediate contact with community divisions. In the early years, community relations has involved youth workers, community workers, teachers and community relations officers in particular. Over the last ten years, there has been some evidence that other sectors, such as business management, law and order, health and social services, local action teams, and local policy makers have also begun to come into direct contact with the problems involved.The growth of greater institutional interest in some of these themes has nevertheless highlighted the absence of any coherent strategy. Community Relations needs to become embedded in public and private institutions, encouraging and supporting change in organisational structure and practice. It is increasingly clear that the ad hoc approach of the early years is problematic in the institutional sphere where action needs to be taken on a number of different levels: policy, structure and procedures, and training, within the equity, diversity, and interdependence framework. Translating community relations into new structures and procedures is central to any possibility of meeting the core objectives of all attempts at policy-making and training: the development of diverse and equitable relationships in Northern Ireland and, ultimately, between Northern Ireland and its neighbours.Given the greater interest in strategy, and the increasing number of people and sectors involved, it seemed an appropriate time to identify exactly how different groups and organisations were explicitly addressing equity, diversity and interdependence, both internally and in their relationships with the wider community This study is the result.Karin EybenDuncan MorrowDerick WilsonUniversity of Ulster, May 1997,

KW - Equity

KW - Diversity

KW - Interdependence

KW - Community Relations

KW - Northern ireland

KW - Reconciliation

KW - Organisational Learning

KW - Conflict Resolution

KW - Community relations training

KW - peacebuilding.

M3 - Book

SN - ISBN 1 85923 082 2

BT - A Worthwhile Venture? Practically Investigating in Equity, Diversity and Interdependence in Northern Ireland

ER -