A web-based survey assessing perceived changes in diet, physical activity and sleeping behaviours in adults with type 1 and type 2 diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK

Charlotte Summers, Marjorie Lima Do Vale, Louise Haines, Sarah Armes, James Bradfield, Dominic Crocombe, Sumantra Ray

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Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic may have contributed to poorer self-management (ie, diet, physical activity and sleep) of diabetes mellitus (DM), which might predispose individuals to more severe COVID-19 outcomes. Objective: The first objective was to capture perceived changes in diet, physical activity and sleeping during the COVID-19 pandemic in adults with type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the UK. A second objective was to explore differences between individuals with DM compared with ‘no’ or ‘other’ health conditions. Methods: Participants aged >18 years were selected by convenience. Individuals subscribed to the Diabetes.co.uk community were sent a web-based survey including questions about demographics and health, followed by 5-point Likert-type scale questions relating to lifestyle-related behaviours during the COVID-19 pandemic. Individuals were grouped by diagnosis of DM, ‘other’ or ‘no’ health condition and responses were compared. Results: 4764 individuals responded, with 2434 (51.3%) being female and 1550 (32.6%) aged 55–64 years. T2DM (2974; 62.7%), hypertension (2147; 45.2%) and T1DM (1299; 27.4%) were most frequently reported. Compared with T1DM, ‘no’ or ‘other’ health conditions, respondents with T2DM reported making a less conscious effort to get outside and exercise daily (p
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere000391
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalBMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health
Early online date19 Jul 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Original research
  • 1506
  • 2474
  • COVID-19
  • diabetes mellitus
  • sleep
  • dietary patterns

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