A Unified Architecture for Video Delivery Over the Internet

Alistair Blair, Gerard Parr, Scotney Bryan, Steve Appleby, Mike Nilsson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Since 1994 when ABC’s “World News Now,” was first broadcast across the Internet, multimedia dissemination has evolved along distinct and unique paths, resulting in two distribution methods that are commonly used across todays Internet, namely Over-the-Top Television (OTT-TV) and Internet Protocol Television (IPTV). With an increasing amount of video content available online, the future of television is increasingly moving towards the Internet. The barriers to widespread deployment of OTT services are now understood and well on the way to being solved. OTT Television has the potential to transform the face of the television industry by creating new business opportunities for existing stakeholders and facilitating many new entrants. With the quality of Over-the-Top services rapidly approaching that of Quality of Service enabled IPTV services it is proposed that the two could be combined into a unified architecture.This paper documents the two technologies and how they are used in the distribution of multimedia data, namely video. A newly implemented test bed environment is documented along with further work.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnknown Host Publication
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011
EventThe 12th Annual PostGraduate Symposium on the Convergence of Telecommunications, Networking and Broadcasting - Liverpool, United Kingdom
Duration: 1 Jun 2011 → …

Other

OtherThe 12th Annual PostGraduate Symposium on the Convergence of Telecommunications, Networking and Broadcasting
Period1/06/11 → …

Fingerprint

Television
IPTV
Internet
Electronics industry
Quality of service
Industry

Keywords

  • Adaptive Streaming
  • IPTV
  • Multicast
  • Over-the-Top Television
  • Unified Architecture.

Cite this

Blair, A., Parr, G., Bryan, S., Appleby, S., & Nilsson, M. (2011). A Unified Architecture for Video Delivery Over the Internet. In Unknown Host Publication
Blair, Alistair ; Parr, Gerard ; Bryan, Scotney ; Appleby, Steve ; Nilsson, Mike. / A Unified Architecture for Video Delivery Over the Internet. Unknown Host Publication. 2011.
@inproceedings{b9beafe67b504884bedaf7bf47bcd5ce,
title = "A Unified Architecture for Video Delivery Over the Internet",
abstract = "Since 1994 when ABC’s “World News Now,” was first broadcast across the Internet, multimedia dissemination has evolved along distinct and unique paths, resulting in two distribution methods that are commonly used across todays Internet, namely Over-the-Top Television (OTT-TV) and Internet Protocol Television (IPTV). With an increasing amount of video content available online, the future of television is increasingly moving towards the Internet. The barriers to widespread deployment of OTT services are now understood and well on the way to being solved. OTT Television has the potential to transform the face of the television industry by creating new business opportunities for existing stakeholders and facilitating many new entrants. With the quality of Over-the-Top services rapidly approaching that of Quality of Service enabled IPTV services it is proposed that the two could be combined into a unified architecture.This paper documents the two technologies and how they are used in the distribution of multimedia data, namely video. A newly implemented test bed environment is documented along with further work.",
keywords = "Adaptive Streaming, IPTV, Multicast, Over-the-Top Television, Unified Architecture.",
author = "Alistair Blair and Gerard Parr and Scotney Bryan and Steve Appleby and Mike Nilsson",
note = "Reference text: [1] CISCO, (2010). “Hyperconnectivity and the Approaching Zettabyte Era.” Cisco Inc. http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns341/ns525/ns537/ns705 /ns827/VNI_Hyperconnectivity_WP.html [2] CISCO (2011) “Cisco Visual Networking Index: Global Mobile Data Traffic Forecast Update, 2010–2015” http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns341/ns525/ns537/ns705 /ns827/white_paper_c11-520862.pdf [3] IETF (1997) “Internet Group Management Protocol, Version 2” http://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/rfc2236/ [4] IETF (2002) “Internet Group Management Protocol, Version 3” [5] IETF (1998) “Real Time Streaming Protocol” http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2326.txt [6] ADOBE (2009) “Real Time Messaging Chunk Stream Protocol” http://wwwimages.adobe.com/www.adobe.com/content/dam/Adobe/en/dev net/rtmp/pdf/rtmp_specification_1.0.pdf [7] OPENIPTVFORUM (2011) Functional architecture V2.1 http://www.openiptvforum.org/docs/OIPF-T1-R2-Functional_Architecturev2_1-2011-03-15.pdf [8] Microsoft Corporation “IIS Smooth Streaming Transport Protocol.” http://www.iis.net/community/files/media/smoothspecs/[MS-SMTH].pdf, 2009 [9] R. Pantos, Ed., “HTTP Live Streaming” http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-pantos-http-live-streaming-04, 2010 [10] Adobe Corporation “HTTP Dynamic Streaming on the Adobe{\circledR} Flash{\circledR} Platform.” http://www.adobe.com/products/httpdynamicstreaming/pdfs/httpdynamicstr eaming_wp_ue.pdf, 2010 [11] WideVine “Video optimization” http://www.widevine.com/video_optimization.html, 2010 [12] Jarnikov, D.; {\"O}z{\cc}elebi, T.; , {"}Client intelligence for adaptive streaming solutions,{"} Multimedia and Expo (ICME), 2010 IEEE International Conference on , vol., no., pp.1499-1504, 19-23 July 2010 [13] Quavlive “Quavlive Adaptive HTTP Live Video Streaming.” http://www.quavlive.com/ [14] Menkovski, V.; Exarchakos, G.; Liotta, A.; Sanchez, A.C.; , {"}Estimations and Remedies for Quality of Experience in Multimedia Streaming,{"} Advances in Human-Oriented and Personalized Mechanisms, Technologies and Services (CENTRIC), 2010 Third International Conference on , vol., no., pp.11-15, 22-27 Aug. 2010 [15] Song Huijuan; Guo Qingping; Tang Xiaoyi; Wu Peng; , {"}Improvement Approach of IPTV Bearer Network,{"} Distributed Computing and Applications to Business Engineering and Science (DCABES), 2010 Ninth International Symposium on , vol., no., pp.297-300, 10-12 Aug. 2010 [16] Buford, J.F.; Kolberg, M.; , {"}Hybrid Overlay Multicast Simulation and Evaluation,{"} Consumer Communications and Networking Conference, 2009. CCNC 2009. 6th IEEE , vol., no., pp.1-2, 10-13 Jan. 2009 [17] Xing Jin; Wanqing Tu; Chan, S.-H.G.; , {"}Challenges and advances in using IP multicast for overlay data delivery,{"} Communications Magazine, IEEE , vol.47, no.6, pp.157-163, June 2009 [18] Brogle, M.; Milic, D.; Bettosini, L.; Braun, T.; , {"}A performance comparison of native IP Multicast and IP Multicast tunneled through a Peer-to-Peer overlay network,{"} Ultra Modern Telecommunications & Workshops, 2009. ICUMT '09. International Conference on , vol., no., pp.1-6, 12-14 Oct. 2009 [19] Li Xing-feng; Yan Bao-ping; Luo Wan-ming; , {"}Overlay multicast network optimization and simulation Based on Narada Protocol,{"} Advanced Communication Technology, 2008. ICACT 2008. 10th International Conference on , vol.3, no., pp.2215-2220, 17-20 Feb. 2008 [20] Lambrinos, L.; Demetriou, E.; , {"}An Adaptive Live Media Streaming Architecture,{"} Advances in Multimedia (MMEDIA), 2010 Second International Conferences on , vol., no., pp.74-77, 13-19 June 2010 [21] Besharati, R.; Bag-Mohammadi, M.; Dezfouli, M.A.; , {"}A TopologyAware Application Layer Multicast Protocol,{"} Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC), 2010 7th IEEE , vol., no., pp.1-5, 9- 12 Jan. 2010 [22] Hao Yin; Xuening Liu; Geyong Min; Chuang Lin; , {"}Content delivery networks: a bridge between emerging applications and future IP networks,{"} Network, IEEE , vol.24, no.4, pp.52-56, July-August 2010 [23] Peng Zhu; Yoshiuchi, H.; Yoshizawa, S.; , {"}P2P-Based VOD Content Distribution Platform with Guaranteed Video Quality,{"} Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC), 2010 7th IEEE , vol., no., pp.1-5, 9-12 Jan. 2010 [24] Shi Kang; Hao Yin; , {"}A Hybrid CDN-P2P System for Video-onDemand,{"} Future Networks, 2010. ICFN '10. Second International Conference on , vol., no., pp.309-313, 22-24 Jan. 2010 [25] Staelens, N.; Moens, S.; Van den Broeck, W.; Mari{\"e}n, I.; Vermeulen, B.; Lambert, P.; Van de Walle, R.; Demeester, P.; , {"}Assessing Quality of Experience of IPTV and Video on Demand Services in Real-Life Environments,{"} Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on , vol.56, no.4, pp.458- 466, Dec. 2010 [26] Atenas, M.; Canovas, A.; Garcia, M.; Lloret, J.; , {"}IPTV Transcoding to Avoid Network Congestion,{"} Networking and Services (ICNS), 2010 Sixth International Conference on , vol., no., pp.36-41, 7-13 March 2010 [27] Mulroy, P.; Appleby, S.; Nilsson, M.; Crabtree, B.;, {"}The use of MulTCP for the delivery of equitable quality video,{"} Packet Video Workshop, 2009. PV 2009. 17th International, vol., no., pp.1-9, 11-12 May 2009 [28] Seung-Chul Son; Byung-Tak Lee; Yong-Wan Gwak; Ji-Seung Nam; , {"}Fast required bandwidth estimation technique for network adaptive streaming,{"} Consumer Electronics, IEEE Transactions on , vol.56, no.3, pp.1442-1449, Aug. 2010 [29] Ramos, Pedro de la Cruz; Vidal, Francisco Gonz{\'a}lez; Leal, Raquel P{\'e}rez; , {"}Perceived Video Quality Estimation from Spatial and Temporal Information Contents and Network Performance Parameters in IPTV,{"} Digital Telecommunications (ICDT), 2010 Fifth International Conference on , vol., no., pp.128-131, 13-19 June 2010 [30] Issa, O.; Wei Li; Hong Liu; Speranza, F.; Renaud, R.; , {"}Quality assessment of High Definition TV distribution over IP networks,{"} Broadband Multimedia Systems and Broadcasting, 2009. BMSB '09. IEEE International Symposium on , vol., no., pp.1-6, 13-15 May 2009",
year = "2011",
month = "6",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-1-902560-25-0",
booktitle = "Unknown Host Publication",

}

Blair, A, Parr, G, Bryan, S, Appleby, S & Nilsson, M 2011, A Unified Architecture for Video Delivery Over the Internet. in Unknown Host Publication. The 12th Annual PostGraduate Symposium on the Convergence of Telecommunications, Networking and Broadcasting, 1/06/11.

A Unified Architecture for Video Delivery Over the Internet. / Blair, Alistair; Parr, Gerard; Bryan, Scotney; Appleby, Steve; Nilsson, Mike.

Unknown Host Publication. 2011.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - A Unified Architecture for Video Delivery Over the Internet

AU - Blair, Alistair

AU - Parr, Gerard

AU - Bryan, Scotney

AU - Appleby, Steve

AU - Nilsson, Mike

N1 - Reference text: [1] CISCO, (2010). “Hyperconnectivity and the Approaching Zettabyte Era.” Cisco Inc. http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns341/ns525/ns537/ns705 /ns827/VNI_Hyperconnectivity_WP.html [2] CISCO (2011) “Cisco Visual Networking Index: Global Mobile Data Traffic Forecast Update, 2010–2015” http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns341/ns525/ns537/ns705 /ns827/white_paper_c11-520862.pdf [3] IETF (1997) “Internet Group Management Protocol, Version 2” http://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/rfc2236/ [4] IETF (2002) “Internet Group Management Protocol, Version 3” [5] IETF (1998) “Real Time Streaming Protocol” http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2326.txt [6] ADOBE (2009) “Real Time Messaging Chunk Stream Protocol” http://wwwimages.adobe.com/www.adobe.com/content/dam/Adobe/en/dev net/rtmp/pdf/rtmp_specification_1.0.pdf [7] OPENIPTVFORUM (2011) Functional architecture V2.1 http://www.openiptvforum.org/docs/OIPF-T1-R2-Functional_Architecturev2_1-2011-03-15.pdf [8] Microsoft Corporation “IIS Smooth Streaming Transport Protocol.” http://www.iis.net/community/files/media/smoothspecs/[MS-SMTH].pdf, 2009 [9] R. Pantos, Ed., “HTTP Live Streaming” http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-pantos-http-live-streaming-04, 2010 [10] Adobe Corporation “HTTP Dynamic Streaming on the Adobe® Flash® Platform.” http://www.adobe.com/products/httpdynamicstreaming/pdfs/httpdynamicstr eaming_wp_ue.pdf, 2010 [11] WideVine “Video optimization” http://www.widevine.com/video_optimization.html, 2010 [12] Jarnikov, D.; Özçelebi, T.; , "Client intelligence for adaptive streaming solutions," Multimedia and Expo (ICME), 2010 IEEE International Conference on , vol., no., pp.1499-1504, 19-23 July 2010 [13] Quavlive “Quavlive Adaptive HTTP Live Video Streaming.” http://www.quavlive.com/ [14] Menkovski, V.; Exarchakos, G.; Liotta, A.; Sanchez, A.C.; , "Estimations and Remedies for Quality of Experience in Multimedia Streaming," Advances in Human-Oriented and Personalized Mechanisms, Technologies and Services (CENTRIC), 2010 Third International Conference on , vol., no., pp.11-15, 22-27 Aug. 2010 [15] Song Huijuan; Guo Qingping; Tang Xiaoyi; Wu Peng; , "Improvement Approach of IPTV Bearer Network," Distributed Computing and Applications to Business Engineering and Science (DCABES), 2010 Ninth International Symposium on , vol., no., pp.297-300, 10-12 Aug. 2010 [16] Buford, J.F.; Kolberg, M.; , "Hybrid Overlay Multicast Simulation and Evaluation," Consumer Communications and Networking Conference, 2009. CCNC 2009. 6th IEEE , vol., no., pp.1-2, 10-13 Jan. 2009 [17] Xing Jin; Wanqing Tu; Chan, S.-H.G.; , "Challenges and advances in using IP multicast for overlay data delivery," Communications Magazine, IEEE , vol.47, no.6, pp.157-163, June 2009 [18] Brogle, M.; Milic, D.; Bettosini, L.; Braun, T.; , "A performance comparison of native IP Multicast and IP Multicast tunneled through a Peer-to-Peer overlay network," Ultra Modern Telecommunications & Workshops, 2009. ICUMT '09. International Conference on , vol., no., pp.1-6, 12-14 Oct. 2009 [19] Li Xing-feng; Yan Bao-ping; Luo Wan-ming; , "Overlay multicast network optimization and simulation Based on Narada Protocol," Advanced Communication Technology, 2008. ICACT 2008. 10th International Conference on , vol.3, no., pp.2215-2220, 17-20 Feb. 2008 [20] Lambrinos, L.; Demetriou, E.; , "An Adaptive Live Media Streaming Architecture," Advances in Multimedia (MMEDIA), 2010 Second International Conferences on , vol., no., pp.74-77, 13-19 June 2010 [21] Besharati, R.; Bag-Mohammadi, M.; Dezfouli, M.A.; , "A TopologyAware Application Layer Multicast Protocol," Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC), 2010 7th IEEE , vol., no., pp.1-5, 9- 12 Jan. 2010 [22] Hao Yin; Xuening Liu; Geyong Min; Chuang Lin; , "Content delivery networks: a bridge between emerging applications and future IP networks," Network, IEEE , vol.24, no.4, pp.52-56, July-August 2010 [23] Peng Zhu; Yoshiuchi, H.; Yoshizawa, S.; , "P2P-Based VOD Content Distribution Platform with Guaranteed Video Quality," Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC), 2010 7th IEEE , vol., no., pp.1-5, 9-12 Jan. 2010 [24] Shi Kang; Hao Yin; , "A Hybrid CDN-P2P System for Video-onDemand," Future Networks, 2010. ICFN '10. Second International Conference on , vol., no., pp.309-313, 22-24 Jan. 2010 [25] Staelens, N.; Moens, S.; Van den Broeck, W.; Mariën, I.; Vermeulen, B.; Lambert, P.; Van de Walle, R.; Demeester, P.; , "Assessing Quality of Experience of IPTV and Video on Demand Services in Real-Life Environments," Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on , vol.56, no.4, pp.458- 466, Dec. 2010 [26] Atenas, M.; Canovas, A.; Garcia, M.; Lloret, J.; , "IPTV Transcoding to Avoid Network Congestion," Networking and Services (ICNS), 2010 Sixth International Conference on , vol., no., pp.36-41, 7-13 March 2010 [27] Mulroy, P.; Appleby, S.; Nilsson, M.; Crabtree, B.;, "The use of MulTCP for the delivery of equitable quality video," Packet Video Workshop, 2009. PV 2009. 17th International, vol., no., pp.1-9, 11-12 May 2009 [28] Seung-Chul Son; Byung-Tak Lee; Yong-Wan Gwak; Ji-Seung Nam; , "Fast required bandwidth estimation technique for network adaptive streaming," Consumer Electronics, IEEE Transactions on , vol.56, no.3, pp.1442-1449, Aug. 2010 [29] Ramos, Pedro de la Cruz; Vidal, Francisco González; Leal, Raquel Pérez; , "Perceived Video Quality Estimation from Spatial and Temporal Information Contents and Network Performance Parameters in IPTV," Digital Telecommunications (ICDT), 2010 Fifth International Conference on , vol., no., pp.128-131, 13-19 June 2010 [30] Issa, O.; Wei Li; Hong Liu; Speranza, F.; Renaud, R.; , "Quality assessment of High Definition TV distribution over IP networks," Broadband Multimedia Systems and Broadcasting, 2009. BMSB '09. IEEE International Symposium on , vol., no., pp.1-6, 13-15 May 2009

PY - 2011/6

Y1 - 2011/6

N2 - Since 1994 when ABC’s “World News Now,” was first broadcast across the Internet, multimedia dissemination has evolved along distinct and unique paths, resulting in two distribution methods that are commonly used across todays Internet, namely Over-the-Top Television (OTT-TV) and Internet Protocol Television (IPTV). With an increasing amount of video content available online, the future of television is increasingly moving towards the Internet. The barriers to widespread deployment of OTT services are now understood and well on the way to being solved. OTT Television has the potential to transform the face of the television industry by creating new business opportunities for existing stakeholders and facilitating many new entrants. With the quality of Over-the-Top services rapidly approaching that of Quality of Service enabled IPTV services it is proposed that the two could be combined into a unified architecture.This paper documents the two technologies and how they are used in the distribution of multimedia data, namely video. A newly implemented test bed environment is documented along with further work.

AB - Since 1994 when ABC’s “World News Now,” was first broadcast across the Internet, multimedia dissemination has evolved along distinct and unique paths, resulting in two distribution methods that are commonly used across todays Internet, namely Over-the-Top Television (OTT-TV) and Internet Protocol Television (IPTV). With an increasing amount of video content available online, the future of television is increasingly moving towards the Internet. The barriers to widespread deployment of OTT services are now understood and well on the way to being solved. OTT Television has the potential to transform the face of the television industry by creating new business opportunities for existing stakeholders and facilitating many new entrants. With the quality of Over-the-Top services rapidly approaching that of Quality of Service enabled IPTV services it is proposed that the two could be combined into a unified architecture.This paper documents the two technologies and how they are used in the distribution of multimedia data, namely video. A newly implemented test bed environment is documented along with further work.

KW - Adaptive Streaming

KW - IPTV

KW - Multicast

KW - Over-the-Top Television

KW - Unified Architecture.

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 978-1-902560-25-0

BT - Unknown Host Publication

ER -

Blair A, Parr G, Bryan S, Appleby S, Nilsson M. A Unified Architecture for Video Delivery Over the Internet. In Unknown Host Publication. 2011